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The human presence in Europe during the last glacial period: III. Site clusters, regional climates and resource attractions

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For the past seven years a team of international experts have worked together to provide a detailed study of the world occupied by the European Neanderthals 60,000 - 25,000 years ago (Oxygen Isotope Stage 3). The new chronological and archaeological datab For the past seven years a team of international experts have worked together to provide a detailed study of the world occupied by the European Neanderthals 60,000-25,000 years ago (Oxygen Isotope Stage 3). The new chronological and archaeological database constructed by the Project sets the Neanderthal and modern human sites in a continent-wide framework of space and time. A mammalian data base maps the ecology and fauna of the period, providing fresh insights into the availability of plant and animal foods in different parts of the European landscape as Ice Age climate changed and fluctuated. New high-resolution computer simulations give detailed estimates of temperature and rainfall, and above all of the wind-chill and snow cover that would have had such an impact on both humans and on the resources they needed for survival. The results provide revolutionary insights into the glacial climate of Stage 3 and the landscapes and resources that influenced late Palaeolithic life-styles. New hypotheses are offered to explain why and how Neanderthal and modern human societies chose where to settle and why they moved on in the face of ever-changing conditions.

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Citation

Davies, William, Valdes, Paul, Ross, Cheryl and van Andel, Tjeerd H. (2003) The human presence in Europe during the last glacial period: III. Site clusters, regional climates and resource attractions In, van Andel, Tjeerd H. and Davies, William (eds.) Neanderthals and modern humans in the European landscape during the last glaciation: archaeological results of the Stage 3 Project. Cambridge, UK, The McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research pp. 191-220. (McDonald Institute Monographs).

More information

Published date: 2003

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 42465
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/42465
ISBN: 190293721X
PURE UUID: 1a62c590-e50c-4abd-854d-862bd8fac522

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Date deposited: 12 Dec 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:21

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Contributors

Author: William Davies
Author: Paul Valdes
Author: Cheryl Ross
Author: Tjeerd H. van Andel
Editor: Tjeerd H. van Andel
Editor: William Davies

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