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The neurobiology of offending behavior in adolescence

The neurobiology of offending behavior in adolescence
The neurobiology of offending behavior in adolescence

This chapter reviews the neuroscience of antisocial and offending behavior in child and adolescent populations. It explores the role of neurobiological factors in driving the age-crime curve in offending behavior and the neurobiological bases of sex differences in aggression and antisocial behavior. The chapter discusses what neurobiological and neuroimaging evidence has to say about the validity and utility of different subtyping approaches such as those based on age-of-onset of antisocial behavior or the presence or absence of callous-unemotional personality traits. It expresses that some subtyping approaches, such as those based on assessing callous-unemotional traits, have been tested quite extensively using neurobiological or neuroimaging methods, whereas others, such as the behavioral subtype approach have received relatively little attention in the neuroimaging literature. The chapter considers potential of neuroscience methods to contribute to clinical practice in forensic psychology and psychiatry, evaluation of treatment or rehabilitation approaches, and the prediction of future risk for violence or criminal behavior.

Adolescent populations, Aggression, Antisocial behavior, Callous-unemotional traits, Forensic psychology, Offending behavior, Personality traits, Psychiatry, Sex differences
421-453
Wiley/Blackwell
Fairchild, Graeme
f99bc911-978e-48c2-9754-c6460666a95f
Smaragdi, Areti
b090586a-a5c3-4ec0-b05e-167a5a0f4543
Beech, Anthony R.
Carter, Adam J.
Mann, Ruth E.
Rotshtein, Pia
Fairchild, Graeme
f99bc911-978e-48c2-9754-c6460666a95f
Smaragdi, Areti
b090586a-a5c3-4ec0-b05e-167a5a0f4543
Beech, Anthony R.
Carter, Adam J.
Mann, Ruth E.
Rotshtein, Pia

Fairchild, Graeme and Smaragdi, Areti (2018) The neurobiology of offending behavior in adolescence. In, Beech, Anthony R., Carter, Adam J., Mann, Ruth E. and Rotshtein, Pia (eds.) The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Forensic Neuroscience. Wiley/Blackwell, pp. 421-453. (doi:10.1002/9781118650868.ch16).

Record type: Book Section

Abstract

This chapter reviews the neuroscience of antisocial and offending behavior in child and adolescent populations. It explores the role of neurobiological factors in driving the age-crime curve in offending behavior and the neurobiological bases of sex differences in aggression and antisocial behavior. The chapter discusses what neurobiological and neuroimaging evidence has to say about the validity and utility of different subtyping approaches such as those based on age-of-onset of antisocial behavior or the presence or absence of callous-unemotional personality traits. It expresses that some subtyping approaches, such as those based on assessing callous-unemotional traits, have been tested quite extensively using neurobiological or neuroimaging methods, whereas others, such as the behavioral subtype approach have received relatively little attention in the neuroimaging literature. The chapter considers potential of neuroscience methods to contribute to clinical practice in forensic psychology and psychiatry, evaluation of treatment or rehabilitation approaches, and the prediction of future risk for violence or criminal behavior.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 16 February 2018
Published date: 23 February 2018
Keywords: Adolescent populations, Aggression, Antisocial behavior, Callous-unemotional traits, Forensic psychology, Offending behavior, Personality traits, Psychiatry, Sex differences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 424712
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/424712
PURE UUID: 1f7ce961-0f93-4735-ba6d-400696dc38d1
ORCID for Graeme Fairchild: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-7814-9938

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Oct 2018 11:41
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 00:34

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