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Conflict and Education

Conflict and Education
Conflict and Education
The purpose of this research is to study the impact of conflict witnessed in Pakistan from 2007 onwards on educational outcomes, particularly pertaining to female education. It consists of three distinct chapters, each focusing on a unique aspect in which conflict affected educational outcomes. The first chapter deals with the first phase of conflict witnessed between 2007 and 2011, and analyses the impact of violence, and the ban on female schooling implemented with it, on enrolment rates. It suggests that although conflict resulted in a decline in overall enrolment rates at primary and middle level, militants were successful in using violence as a tool to deter female education, as enrolment rates for girls declined more compared to boys in areas that witnessed conflict. The second chapter studies the short-term and medium-term impact of conflict on enrolment rates after the end of the first phase of conflict. Results show that although the negative impact of conflict was larger in magnitude on girls than boys in the short-run, enrolment rates for girls recovered in the medium-run to match those of girls that did not witness conflict. However, enrolment rates for boys at middle level continued to suffer in the medium-run, possibly due to the permanent substitution of boys into the labour market. The third chapter examines the impact of conflict on degree choices of students applying to university. We find that students who live in districts affected by conflict are less likely to apply to degrees that require mathematics as a prerequisite, compared to students who live in districts that do not witness conflict. However, a gender-wise breakup of results suggest that this is only the case for degree choices of boys, and not of girls.
University of Southampton
Gillani, Abbas Ali
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Gillani, Abbas Ali
8d5a93e9-3123-442a-9745-1c96866782e5
Gall, Thomas
8df67f3d-fe3c-4a3f-8ce7-e2090557fcd4
Wahba, Jackline
03ae9304-c329-40c6-9bfc-d91cfa9e7164

Gillani, Abbas Ali (2018) Conflict and Education. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 170pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to study the impact of conflict witnessed in Pakistan from 2007 onwards on educational outcomes, particularly pertaining to female education. It consists of three distinct chapters, each focusing on a unique aspect in which conflict affected educational outcomes. The first chapter deals with the first phase of conflict witnessed between 2007 and 2011, and analyses the impact of violence, and the ban on female schooling implemented with it, on enrolment rates. It suggests that although conflict resulted in a decline in overall enrolment rates at primary and middle level, militants were successful in using violence as a tool to deter female education, as enrolment rates for girls declined more compared to boys in areas that witnessed conflict. The second chapter studies the short-term and medium-term impact of conflict on enrolment rates after the end of the first phase of conflict. Results show that although the negative impact of conflict was larger in magnitude on girls than boys in the short-run, enrolment rates for girls recovered in the medium-run to match those of girls that did not witness conflict. However, enrolment rates for boys at middle level continued to suffer in the medium-run, possibly due to the permanent substitution of boys into the labour market. The third chapter examines the impact of conflict on degree choices of students applying to university. We find that students who live in districts affected by conflict are less likely to apply to degrees that require mathematics as a prerequisite, compared to students who live in districts that do not witness conflict. However, a gender-wise breakup of results suggest that this is only the case for degree choices of boys, and not of girls.

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Conflict and Education - Version of Record
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Published date: 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 424738
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/424738
PURE UUID: 6e9fcdbf-3941-4f4d-9673-473eab1e8b00
ORCID for Thomas Gall: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2257-1405
ORCID for Jackline Wahba: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0002-3443

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Date deposited: 05 Oct 2018 11:41
Last modified: 30 Jan 2020 01:39

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Contributors

Author: Abbas Ali Gillani
Thesis advisor: Thomas Gall ORCID iD
Thesis advisor: Jackline Wahba ORCID iD

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