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Baseline autonomic nervous system activity in female children and adolescents with conduct disorder: psychophysiological findings from the FemNAT-CD study

Baseline autonomic nervous system activity in female children and adolescents with conduct disorder: psychophysiological findings from the FemNAT-CD study
Baseline autonomic nervous system activity in female children and adolescents with conduct disorder: psychophysiological findings from the FemNAT-CD study

Purpose: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning has been widely studied in relation to antisocial behavior, such as Conduct Disorder (CD). However, research in females is scarce and findings are inconsistent. This study investigated baseline ANS activity in CD children and adolescents and tested for sex differences. Furthermore, subgroups of CD were investigated: +/‐ Limited Prosocial Emotions (LPE), +/‐ comorbid internalizing disorders (INT). Methods: Baseline ANS activity was measured by Heart Rate (HR), Heart Rate Variability (HRV; parasympathetic activity), Pre-Ejection Period (PEP; sympathetic activity), and Respiration Rate (RR). 659 females (296 CD, 363 controls) and 351 males (187 CD, 164 controls), aged 9–18 years participated. Results: Baseline HR, HRV and PEP did not differ between CD subjects and controls in both sexes. RR was higher in CD participants than controls amongst females, but not males. LPE was unrelated to ANS activity, whereas females with CD + INT presented lower HRV. Conclusions: These results suggest that baseline ANS activity is not a robust indicator for CD. However, deviant ANS activity – especially parasympathetic activity - was observed in CD females with internalizing comorbidity. The psychophysiological abnormalities observed in this subgroup are indicative of emotion regulation problems. Accordingly, this subgroup may require specific interventions.

Autonomic nervous system, Conduct disorder, Emotion regulation, Psychophysiology, Sex differences
0047-2352
Oldenhof, Helena
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Prätzlich, Martin
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Ackermann, Katharina
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Baker, Rosalind
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Batchelor, Molly
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Baumann, Sarah
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Bernhard, Anka
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Clanton, Roberta
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Dikeos, Dimitris
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Dochnal, Roberta
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Fehlbaum, Lynn Valérie
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Fernández-Rivas, Aranzazu
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De Geus, Eco J.
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Gonzalez, Karen
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de Artaza-Lavesa, Maider González
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Guijarro, Silvina
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Gundlach, Malou
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Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate
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Hervas, Amaia
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Jansen, Lucres
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Kersten, Linda
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Kohls, Gregor
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Konsta, Angeliki
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Lazaratou, Helen
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Kerexeta-Lizeaga, Iñaki
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Martinelli, Anne
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van Nimwegen, Tisse
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Puzzo, Ignazio
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Raschle, Nora Maria
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Rogers, Jack
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Siklósi, Réka
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Smaragdi, Areti
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Steppan, Martin
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De Brito, Stephane
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Fairchild, Graeme
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Kieser, Meinhard
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Konrad, Kerstin
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Freitag, Christine
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Stadler, Christina
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Popma, Arne
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Oldenhof, Helena
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Prätzlich, Martin
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Ackermann, Katharina
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Baker, Rosalind
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Batchelor, Molly
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Baumann, Sarah
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Bernhard, Anka
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Clanton, Roberta
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Dikeos, Dimitris
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Dochnal, Roberta
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Fehlbaum, Lynn Valérie
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Fernández-Rivas, Aranzazu
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De Geus, Eco J.
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Gonzalez, Karen
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de Artaza-Lavesa, Maider González
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Guijarro, Silvina
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Gundlach, Malou
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Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate
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Hervas, Amaia
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Jansen, Lucres
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Kersten, Linda
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Kohls, Gregor
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Konsta, Angeliki
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Lazaratou, Helen
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Kerexeta-Lizeaga, Iñaki
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Martinelli, Anne
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van Nimwegen, Tisse
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Puzzo, Ignazio
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Raschle, Nora Maria
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Rogers, Jack
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Siklósi, Réka
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Smaragdi, Areti
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Steppan, Martin
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De Brito, Stephane
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Fairchild, Graeme
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Kieser, Meinhard
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Konrad, Kerstin
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Freitag, Christine
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Stadler, Christina
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Popma, Arne
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Oldenhof, Helena, Prätzlich, Martin, Ackermann, Katharina, Baker, Rosalind, Batchelor, Molly, Baumann, Sarah, Bernhard, Anka, Clanton, Roberta, Dikeos, Dimitris, Dochnal, Roberta, Fehlbaum, Lynn Valérie, Fernández-Rivas, Aranzazu, De Geus, Eco J., Gonzalez, Karen, de Artaza-Lavesa, Maider González, Guijarro, Silvina, Gundlach, Malou, Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate, Hervas, Amaia, Jansen, Lucres, Kersten, Linda, Kohls, Gregor, Konsta, Angeliki, Lazaratou, Helen, Kerexeta-Lizeaga, Iñaki, Martinelli, Anne, van Nimwegen, Tisse, Puzzo, Ignazio, Raschle, Nora Maria, Rogers, Jack, Siklósi, Réka, Smaragdi, Areti, Steppan, Martin, De Brito, Stephane, Fairchild, Graeme, Kieser, Meinhard, Konrad, Kerstin, Freitag, Christine, Stadler, Christina and Popma, Arne (2018) Baseline autonomic nervous system activity in female children and adolescents with conduct disorder: psychophysiological findings from the FemNAT-CD study. Journal of Criminal Justice. (doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2018.05.011).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Purpose: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning has been widely studied in relation to antisocial behavior, such as Conduct Disorder (CD). However, research in females is scarce and findings are inconsistent. This study investigated baseline ANS activity in CD children and adolescents and tested for sex differences. Furthermore, subgroups of CD were investigated: +/‐ Limited Prosocial Emotions (LPE), +/‐ comorbid internalizing disorders (INT). Methods: Baseline ANS activity was measured by Heart Rate (HR), Heart Rate Variability (HRV; parasympathetic activity), Pre-Ejection Period (PEP; sympathetic activity), and Respiration Rate (RR). 659 females (296 CD, 363 controls) and 351 males (187 CD, 164 controls), aged 9–18 years participated. Results: Baseline HR, HRV and PEP did not differ between CD subjects and controls in both sexes. RR was higher in CD participants than controls amongst females, but not males. LPE was unrelated to ANS activity, whereas females with CD + INT presented lower HRV. Conclusions: These results suggest that baseline ANS activity is not a robust indicator for CD. However, deviant ANS activity – especially parasympathetic activity - was observed in CD females with internalizing comorbidity. The psychophysiological abnormalities observed in this subgroup are indicative of emotion regulation problems. Accordingly, this subgroup may require specific interventions.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 17 May 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 1 June 2018
Keywords: Autonomic nervous system, Conduct disorder, Emotion regulation, Psychophysiology, Sex differences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 424860
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/424860
ISSN: 0047-2352
PURE UUID: 4b398406-c0e6-44db-8065-5d30b4aba3de
ORCID for Graeme Fairchild: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-7814-9938

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Oct 2018 11:50
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 00:34

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Contributors

Author: Helena Oldenhof
Author: Martin Prätzlich
Author: Katharina Ackermann
Author: Rosalind Baker
Author: Molly Batchelor
Author: Sarah Baumann
Author: Anka Bernhard
Author: Roberta Clanton
Author: Dimitris Dikeos
Author: Roberta Dochnal
Author: Lynn Valérie Fehlbaum
Author: Aranzazu Fernández-Rivas
Author: Eco J. De Geus
Author: Karen Gonzalez
Author: Maider González de Artaza-Lavesa
Author: Silvina Guijarro
Author: Malou Gundlach
Author: Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann
Author: Amaia Hervas
Author: Lucres Jansen
Author: Linda Kersten
Author: Gregor Kohls
Author: Angeliki Konsta
Author: Helen Lazaratou
Author: Iñaki Kerexeta-Lizeaga
Author: Anne Martinelli
Author: Tisse van Nimwegen
Author: Ignazio Puzzo
Author: Nora Maria Raschle
Author: Jack Rogers
Author: Réka Siklósi
Author: Areti Smaragdi
Author: Martin Steppan
Author: Stephane De Brito
Author: Graeme Fairchild ORCID iD
Author: Meinhard Kieser
Author: Kerstin Konrad
Author: Christine Freitag
Author: Christina Stadler
Author: Arne Popma

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