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Effect of length of two-dimensional obstacles on characteristics of separation and reattachment

Effect of length of two-dimensional obstacles on characteristics of separation and reattachment
Effect of length of two-dimensional obstacles on characteristics of separation and reattachment

The flow over a forward-facing step (FFS) and a backward-facing step (BFS) have been extensively studied separately, but the interaction between both obstacles has received little attention. It is believed the distance between the two faces of the step is a critical parameter governing the overall behaviour of the flow. This could have implication on the effect an obstacle would have on its surroundings, such as wind disturbance, or spread of pollution. Consequently, we investigate in detail the flow over a two-dimensional obstacle (also referred to as a rib), that consists of a FFS followed by a BFS. The flow field in such configuration is a result of the interaction between the multiple separation regions that appear upstream, above and downstream of the ribs. Our experimental model is submerged in a fully turbulent boundary layer (δ/H=1.37, where δ and H are respectively incoming boundary layer thickness and rib height), and the Reynolds number based on rib height is ReH=20,000. Rib length (distance between the two vertical faces) varied between L/H=0.1 and L/H=8. In order to describe the general features of such a flow, we carried out flow field velocity and surface pressure measurements. Results show that two trends exist according to the length of the rib. Short ribs (L/H≤4) produce one large recirculation region from the leading edge which results in higher levels of large scale turbulence which propagate far downstream. On the contrary, the FFS portion of long ribs (L/H≥4) is decoupled from the BFS portion. Two separate shear layers are formed which decay quicker resulting in lower levels of turbulence propagating downstream.

Flow past ribs, Particle image velocimetry, Separated flow
0167-6105
38-48
van der Kindere, J.
dc7f8bd2-8112-489b-8c9a-b698139eeebb
Ganapathisubramani, B.
5e69099f-2f39-4fdd-8a85-3ac906827052
van der Kindere, J.
dc7f8bd2-8112-489b-8c9a-b698139eeebb
Ganapathisubramani, B.
5e69099f-2f39-4fdd-8a85-3ac906827052

van der Kindere, J. and Ganapathisubramani, B. (2018) Effect of length of two-dimensional obstacles on characteristics of separation and reattachment. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 178, 38-48. (doi:10.1016/j.jweia.2018.04.018).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The flow over a forward-facing step (FFS) and a backward-facing step (BFS) have been extensively studied separately, but the interaction between both obstacles has received little attention. It is believed the distance between the two faces of the step is a critical parameter governing the overall behaviour of the flow. This could have implication on the effect an obstacle would have on its surroundings, such as wind disturbance, or spread of pollution. Consequently, we investigate in detail the flow over a two-dimensional obstacle (also referred to as a rib), that consists of a FFS followed by a BFS. The flow field in such configuration is a result of the interaction between the multiple separation regions that appear upstream, above and downstream of the ribs. Our experimental model is submerged in a fully turbulent boundary layer (δ/H=1.37, where δ and H are respectively incoming boundary layer thickness and rib height), and the Reynolds number based on rib height is ReH=20,000. Rib length (distance between the two vertical faces) varied between L/H=0.1 and L/H=8. In order to describe the general features of such a flow, we carried out flow field velocity and surface pressure measurements. Results show that two trends exist according to the length of the rib. Short ribs (L/H≤4) produce one large recirculation region from the leading edge which results in higher levels of large scale turbulence which propagate far downstream. On the contrary, the FFS portion of long ribs (L/H≥4) is decoupled from the BFS portion. Two separate shear layers are formed which decay quicker resulting in lower levels of turbulence propagating downstream.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 15 April 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 29 May 2018
Published date: 1 July 2018
Keywords: Flow past ribs, Particle image velocimetry, Separated flow

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 424874
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/424874
ISSN: 0167-6105
PURE UUID: 57f62590-f3fe-49cc-800c-2f137746aee9
ORCID for B. Ganapathisubramani: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9817-0486

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Oct 2018 11:51
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 01:58

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