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Media exposure and health in Europe: Mediators and moderators of media systems

Media exposure and health in Europe: Mediators and moderators of media systems
Media exposure and health in Europe: Mediators and moderators of media systems
This study examined media exposure as an explanatory factor for individual and cross-national differences in self-assessed general health. In studying media exposure, traditional media (television, radio, and newspapers) and contemporary media (internet) were separately considered. Aside from hypotheses about the relation between media exposure and general health, we also tested hypotheses regarding the mediating role of social isolation and mean world syndrome as well as the moderating role of different media systems across countries. Therefore, we used European Social Survey 2010, covering 25 European countries (n = 36,692). The results of our multilevel regression analyses indicated that exposure to television was negatively related to general health, whereas exposure to radio and newspapers were positively related to health. For contemporary media, findings indicated consistent positive relations between internet exposure and health across. Furthermore, limited support was found for the mediating role of social isolation and the mean world syndrome in the link between media exposure and health. Across media systems, findings for the relations between exposure to the various types of media and health proved to be robust.
0303-8300
1317–1342
Blom, Niels
86fa14cb-1402-453f-a01c-3c919925baae
van der Zanden, Reneé
e7eee872-4812-402d-987c-7bc84f581b25
Buijzen, Moniek
0f123823-ee42-47be-a554-cec23c56dffc
Scheepers, Peer
3eb03090-8b0e-4bc4-8e96-c4f4107950d9
Blom, Niels
86fa14cb-1402-453f-a01c-3c919925baae
van der Zanden, Reneé
e7eee872-4812-402d-987c-7bc84f581b25
Buijzen, Moniek
0f123823-ee42-47be-a554-cec23c56dffc
Scheepers, Peer
3eb03090-8b0e-4bc4-8e96-c4f4107950d9

Blom, Niels, van der Zanden, Reneé, Buijzen, Moniek and Scheepers, Peer (2016) Media exposure and health in Europe: Mediators and moderators of media systems. Social Indicators Research, 126 (3), 1317–1342. (doi:10.1007/s11205-015-0933-6).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This study examined media exposure as an explanatory factor for individual and cross-national differences in self-assessed general health. In studying media exposure, traditional media (television, radio, and newspapers) and contemporary media (internet) were separately considered. Aside from hypotheses about the relation between media exposure and general health, we also tested hypotheses regarding the mediating role of social isolation and mean world syndrome as well as the moderating role of different media systems across countries. Therefore, we used European Social Survey 2010, covering 25 European countries (n = 36,692). The results of our multilevel regression analyses indicated that exposure to television was negatively related to general health, whereas exposure to radio and newspapers were positively related to health. For contemporary media, findings indicated consistent positive relations between internet exposure and health across. Furthermore, limited support was found for the mediating role of social isolation and the mean world syndrome in the link between media exposure and health. Across media systems, findings for the relations between exposure to the various types of media and health proved to be robust.

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Accepted/In Press date: 7 March 2015
e-pub ahead of print date: 25 March 2015
Published date: April 2016

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 426178
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/426178
ISSN: 0303-8300
PURE UUID: 1d595d86-31c0-418e-b2c0-b848201b0407

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Date deposited: 16 Nov 2018 17:30
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 17:50

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