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Explaining crystallization preferences of two polyphenolic diastereoisomers by crystal structure prediction

Explaining crystallization preferences of two polyphenolic diastereoisomers by crystal structure prediction
Explaining crystallization preferences of two polyphenolic diastereoisomers by crystal structure prediction
Despite their structural similarity, two naturally occurring polyphenols, epicatechin and catechin, display significantly distinct crystallization behaviour. Epicatechin crystallizes only as a pure compound, and appears to be monomorphic, whereas no pure crystalline form of catechin is known, but it can form a variety of solvates with polar solvents. This work aims to explain these experimentally observed differences using the results of crystal structure prediction calculations. The entire conformational space of both molecules has been included in the crystal structure prediction study, which also explored the crystal structure landscapes of the pure crystals, 1:1 solvates and 2:1 solvates. From the computational results, we were able to show that the experimental observations with regard to crystallization behavior are the result of a trade-off between intra- and intermolecular energy contributions to the total energy of a crystalline system. In the case of epicatechin, conformers with low gas phase energies are at the same time the ones able to form crystal structures with favourable intermolecular interactions. In contrast, only high energy gas phase conformers of catechin were found to be able to pack efficiently. Consequently, the unfavorable intramolecular energy contribution has to be compensated by stabilizing intermolecular interactions. The calculations for 2:1 and 1:1 methanol solvates of both molecules demonstrate that such compensation can be readily provided by solvent molecules able to form hydrogen bonds with catechin.
1466-8033
Dudek, Marta
c115e8cb-8510-4034-9ada-9a4a08dd8c4f
Day, Graeme M.
e3be79ba-ad12-4461-b735-74d5c4355636
Dudek, Marta
c115e8cb-8510-4034-9ada-9a4a08dd8c4f
Day, Graeme M.
e3be79ba-ad12-4461-b735-74d5c4355636

Dudek, Marta and Day, Graeme M. (2018) Explaining crystallization preferences of two polyphenolic diastereoisomers by crystal structure prediction. CrystEngComm. (doi:10.1039/C8CE01783B).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Despite their structural similarity, two naturally occurring polyphenols, epicatechin and catechin, display significantly distinct crystallization behaviour. Epicatechin crystallizes only as a pure compound, and appears to be monomorphic, whereas no pure crystalline form of catechin is known, but it can form a variety of solvates with polar solvents. This work aims to explain these experimentally observed differences using the results of crystal structure prediction calculations. The entire conformational space of both molecules has been included in the crystal structure prediction study, which also explored the crystal structure landscapes of the pure crystals, 1:1 solvates and 2:1 solvates. From the computational results, we were able to show that the experimental observations with regard to crystallization behavior are the result of a trade-off between intra- and intermolecular energy contributions to the total energy of a crystalline system. In the case of epicatechin, conformers with low gas phase energies are at the same time the ones able to form crystal structures with favourable intermolecular interactions. In contrast, only high energy gas phase conformers of catechin were found to be able to pack efficiently. Consequently, the unfavorable intramolecular energy contribution has to be compensated by stabilizing intermolecular interactions. The calculations for 2:1 and 1:1 methanol solvates of both molecules demonstrate that such compensation can be readily provided by solvent molecules able to form hydrogen bonds with catechin.

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epi_cat_rsc_template_revision_final - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 27 November 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 27 November 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 426460
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/426460
ISSN: 1466-8033
PURE UUID: 70346953-5b34-4c5d-8c5b-d275b8caaf2b
ORCID for Graeme M. Day: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8396-2771

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 28 Nov 2018 17:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 06:28

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Contributors

Author: Marta Dudek
Author: Graeme M. Day ORCID iD

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