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Electrical tree initiation in XLPE cable insulation under constant DC, grounded DC, and at elevated temperature

Electrical tree initiation in XLPE cable insulation under constant DC, grounded DC, and at elevated temperature
Electrical tree initiation in XLPE cable insulation under constant DC, grounded DC, and at elevated temperature
Electrical tree initiation behavior was investigated in XLPE insulation samples made from a HVDC cable by applying constant DC and grounded DC voltages under different temperatures. No trees appeared when a constant DC voltage of -60 kV was applied for 12 days at room temperature or 20 days at 90 oC, and the tree initiation time was estimated to be more than 200 days by Bayes statistical processing of zerofailure data. In the grounded DC voltage test, -15 kV prestress could trigger a tree, and under -35 kV, the tree initiation rate reached 100 %. With the increase of DC prestress, both the initiation rate and tree length increased. Grounded DC trees were branch trees with dark-colored channels, and a similar material damage could be caused by the same DC prestress. The connection of a grounding resistor could reduce the damage of sample caused by the grounded DC voltage, and the tree initiation rate
declined with the increase of the resistance. According to the experimental results, the tree initiation time under constant DC voltage was not significantly shortened at 90 oC, whereas tree initiation under grounded DC voltage was promoted by the increase of temperature. From 25 to 70 oC, the tree branches became longer and denser, and extended in more varied directions. The observations are explained by the injection, transfer, trapping and detrapping of space charges, and charge detrapping is believed to be the cause of material damage.
constant DC voltage, XLPE cable insulation, grounded DC tree, elevated temperature
1070-9878
2287-2295
Liu, Ying
53392fe0-8f56-4a0b-b6de-08a2c1ab8627
Cao, Xiaolong
33c29f5c-4090-44ad-8436-1c498696af4d
Chen, George
3de45a9c-6c9a-4bcb-90c3-d7e26be21819
Liu, Ying
53392fe0-8f56-4a0b-b6de-08a2c1ab8627
Cao, Xiaolong
33c29f5c-4090-44ad-8436-1c498696af4d
Chen, George
3de45a9c-6c9a-4bcb-90c3-d7e26be21819

Liu, Ying, Cao, Xiaolong and Chen, George (2018) Electrical tree initiation in XLPE cable insulation under constant DC, grounded DC, and at elevated temperature. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics & Electrical Insulation, 25 (6), 2287-2295. (doi:10.1109/TDEI.2018.007104).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Electrical tree initiation behavior was investigated in XLPE insulation samples made from a HVDC cable by applying constant DC and grounded DC voltages under different temperatures. No trees appeared when a constant DC voltage of -60 kV was applied for 12 days at room temperature or 20 days at 90 oC, and the tree initiation time was estimated to be more than 200 days by Bayes statistical processing of zerofailure data. In the grounded DC voltage test, -15 kV prestress could trigger a tree, and under -35 kV, the tree initiation rate reached 100 %. With the increase of DC prestress, both the initiation rate and tree length increased. Grounded DC trees were branch trees with dark-colored channels, and a similar material damage could be caused by the same DC prestress. The connection of a grounding resistor could reduce the damage of sample caused by the grounded DC voltage, and the tree initiation rate
declined with the increase of the resistance. According to the experimental results, the tree initiation time under constant DC voltage was not significantly shortened at 90 oC, whereas tree initiation under grounded DC voltage was promoted by the increase of temperature. From 25 to 70 oC, the tree branches became longer and denser, and extended in more varied directions. The observations are explained by the injection, transfer, trapping and detrapping of space charges, and charge detrapping is believed to be the cause of material damage.

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Accepted/In Press date: 8 July 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 5 December 2018
Published date: December 2018
Keywords: constant DC voltage, XLPE cable insulation, grounded DC tree, elevated temperature

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 426826
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/426826
ISSN: 1070-9878
PURE UUID: 879eb525-fdc6-4846-b45f-70f1e9b02019

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Date deposited: 13 Dec 2018 10:36
Last modified: 14 Sep 2021 20:05

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