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Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions in the sustainable development goals agenda

Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions in the sustainable development goals agenda
Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions in the sustainable development goals agenda
In 2017 the paper ‘The Sustainable Development Oxymoron: Quantifying and Modelling the Incompatibility of Sustainable Development Goals’ was published, showing that there is a conflict between socio-economic development goals and ecological sustainability goals using cross-country time-series data. The authors looked at production-based CO2 emissions to measure and model the 13th SDG goal addressing climate change. Their models showed that production-based CO2 emissions were stalling or even decreasing in rich countries, which suggests that other countries are also likely to see stalling and decrease in their CO2 emissions once they become rich. However, this conclusion can be challenged when accounting for consumption-based CO2 emissions rather than production-based CO2 emissions. In this follow-up paper, we re-run some of the analyses performed in the original paper making use of consumption-based CO2 emissions. The analysis confirms the inherent SDG conflict between socio-economic and ecological SDGs. But, this new analysis demonstrates that from a consumption perspective the trend of stalling or decreasing CO2 emissions is reversed, with natural depletion costs being exported to poorer countries. Despite this new perspective on CO2 emissions, the conflict between SDG goals can still be avoided by making investments in public health, education and renewable energy, as suggested in the original paper.
Sustainable development goals, climate change, dynamic systems modelling, feature selection, Consumption based accounting, MRIO
1350-4509
Spaiser, Viktoria
c32f31e1-6b80-4e4b-92d8-d7ac17c84ae8
Scott, Kate
ec72b337-821a-4b97-8e97-2f83503b65ff
Owen, Anne
74267507-0828-4caa-9a57-ee3833317ce5
Holland, Robert
9c245e65-06bb-4b0e-8214-2b00ad2a47df
Spaiser, Viktoria
c32f31e1-6b80-4e4b-92d8-d7ac17c84ae8
Scott, Kate
ec72b337-821a-4b97-8e97-2f83503b65ff
Owen, Anne
74267507-0828-4caa-9a57-ee3833317ce5
Holland, Robert
9c245e65-06bb-4b0e-8214-2b00ad2a47df

Spaiser, Viktoria, Scott, Kate, Owen, Anne and Holland, Robert (2018) Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions in the sustainable development goals agenda. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology. (doi:10.1080/13504509.2018.1559252).

Record type: Article

Abstract

In 2017 the paper ‘The Sustainable Development Oxymoron: Quantifying and Modelling the Incompatibility of Sustainable Development Goals’ was published, showing that there is a conflict between socio-economic development goals and ecological sustainability goals using cross-country time-series data. The authors looked at production-based CO2 emissions to measure and model the 13th SDG goal addressing climate change. Their models showed that production-based CO2 emissions were stalling or even decreasing in rich countries, which suggests that other countries are also likely to see stalling and decrease in their CO2 emissions once they become rich. However, this conclusion can be challenged when accounting for consumption-based CO2 emissions rather than production-based CO2 emissions. In this follow-up paper, we re-run some of the analyses performed in the original paper making use of consumption-based CO2 emissions. The analysis confirms the inherent SDG conflict between socio-economic and ecological SDGs. But, this new analysis demonstrates that from a consumption perspective the trend of stalling or decreasing CO2 emissions is reversed, with natural depletion costs being exported to poorer countries. Despite this new perspective on CO2 emissions, the conflict between SDG goals can still be avoided by making investments in public health, education and renewable energy, as suggested in the original paper.

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Accepted/In Press date: 9 December 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 26 December 2018
Keywords: Sustainable development goals, climate change, dynamic systems modelling, feature selection, Consumption based accounting, MRIO

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 427449
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/427449
ISSN: 1350-4509
PURE UUID: ca3d0d49-a42d-46aa-b386-3a29717638af
ORCID for Robert Holland: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3038-9227

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 16 Jan 2019 17:30
Last modified: 22 Nov 2021 07:05

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Contributors

Author: Viktoria Spaiser
Author: Kate Scott
Author: Anne Owen
Author: Robert Holland ORCID iD

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