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Eliciting goals of care in an academic nursing home

Furman, Christian Davis, Kelly, Susan E., Knapp, Keith, Mowery, Robyn L. and Miles, Toni (2006) Eliciting goals of care in an academic nursing home Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 7, (8), pp. 473-479. (doi:10.1016/j.jamda.2006.02.009).

Record type: Article


Objectives To identify enablers and barriers facing providers and staff in initiating Goals of Care (GOC) discussions with patients in the nursing home. Design Qualitative methods, one-on-one interviews. The interviews began with eliciting the participant’s definition of GOC. The open-ended questions were designed to assess recent experience and satisfaction with the participant’s role in the GOC discussion. Setting Nursing home. Participants We interviewed 23 nursing home staff and providers. Measurements Transcripts were qualitatively analyzed. Results Five themes emerged that were identified as barriers to discussing GOC: (1) Fear of legal ramifications; (2) Not enough education on how to have a GOC discussion; (3) Family not involved on a regular basis; (4) Time pressure; (5) Interdisciplinary team not involved. Five themes also emerged that were identified as enablers to the GOC discussion: (1) Education/experience with the GOC discussion; (2) Interdisciplinary team involved in the discussion; (3) Established trusting relationship with the patient/family/other staff; (4) Terminal diagnosis/hospice involvement; (5) Discussion occurs in-person.
Conclusion A major finding of these interviews is the lack of systematic attention to GOC in the nursing home setting. Since education and experience were identified as crucial to understanding GOC, more formal education and observed practice discussing GOC is needed for all staff. The outcomes of GOC discussions should be documented in the patient record and be accessible to all staff and communicated systematically to all staff. Addressing these barriers and facilitating these enablers to the GOC discussion will improve the care of nursing home patients.

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Published date: 2006
Additional Information: Available online from 11 May 2006.
Keywords: advance care planning, nursing home, goals of care, palliative care


Local EPrints ID: 42769
ISSN: 1525-8610
PURE UUID: 17443e18-b564-428f-812c-626467ee99d6

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Date deposited: 02 Feb 2007
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:21

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Author: Christian Davis Furman
Author: Susan E. Kelly
Author: Keith Knapp
Author: Robyn L. Mowery
Author: Toni Miles

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