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Facebook usage and mental health: An empirical study of role of non-directional social comparisons in the UK

Facebook usage and mental health: An empirical study of role of non-directional social comparisons in the UK
Facebook usage and mental health: An empirical study of role of non-directional social comparisons in the UK
The present paper explores the relationship between nature of Facebook usage, non-directional comparisons and depressive syndromes. The extant research on linkage between social media usage and mental health is inconclusive. The paper uses data collected through an online survey of 399 Facebook users in the UK. A Facebook frequency rating scale was developed and validated as a part of the study. The Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure was modified and used to measure social comparison. The depressive syndromes were captured by the modified Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. The Rank Theory of Depression was used a guiding framework. The data collection had focused on the 20-29 year olds, as justified by the literature.
The study found a negative relationship between active Facebook use and non-directional social comparisons. The relationship was reversed in the case of passive usage. There is small but significant causal linkage between increased non-directional social comparisons and depressive symptoms among the users.

Depressive symptoms, Facebook usage, Mental health, Non-directional social comparison, Social media platforms
0268-4012
53-62
Nisar, Tahir M.
6b1513b5-23d1-4151-8dd2-9f6eaa6ea3a6
Prabhakar, Guru
50ab5bb3-e9bb-4a0f-8668-8a8324d1a835
Ilavarasan, P. Vigneswara
602da488-74aa-4ba1-8ebd-3233dd8dee1c
Baabdullah, Abdullah M.
c50b6195-9dbb-409b-b0d5-db0565a3e764
Nisar, Tahir M.
6b1513b5-23d1-4151-8dd2-9f6eaa6ea3a6
Prabhakar, Guru
50ab5bb3-e9bb-4a0f-8668-8a8324d1a835
Ilavarasan, P. Vigneswara
602da488-74aa-4ba1-8ebd-3233dd8dee1c
Baabdullah, Abdullah M.
c50b6195-9dbb-409b-b0d5-db0565a3e764

Nisar, Tahir M., Prabhakar, Guru, Ilavarasan, P. Vigneswara and Baabdullah, Abdullah M. (2019) Facebook usage and mental health: An empirical study of role of non-directional social comparisons in the UK. International Journal of Information Management, 48, 53-62. (doi:10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2019.01.017).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The present paper explores the relationship between nature of Facebook usage, non-directional comparisons and depressive syndromes. The extant research on linkage between social media usage and mental health is inconclusive. The paper uses data collected through an online survey of 399 Facebook users in the UK. A Facebook frequency rating scale was developed and validated as a part of the study. The Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure was modified and used to measure social comparison. The depressive syndromes were captured by the modified Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. The Rank Theory of Depression was used a guiding framework. The data collection had focused on the 20-29 year olds, as justified by the literature.
The study found a negative relationship between active Facebook use and non-directional social comparisons. The relationship was reversed in the case of passive usage. There is small but significant causal linkage between increased non-directional social comparisons and depressive symptoms among the users.

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Paper_10Dec_Clean - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 17 January 2021.
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 17 January 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 2 February 2019
Published date: 1 October 2019
Keywords: Depressive symptoms, Facebook usage, Mental health, Non-directional social comparison, Social media platforms

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 427776
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/427776
ISSN: 0268-4012
PURE UUID: 770cf7e2-dbd6-42ac-91c9-b39ad73c37c1

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 29 Jan 2019 17:30
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 17:37

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Contributors

Author: Tahir M. Nisar
Author: Guru Prabhakar
Author: P. Vigneswara Ilavarasan
Author: Abdullah M. Baabdullah

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