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High-resolution VLA observations of FR0 radio galaxies: the properties and nature of compact radio sources

High-resolution VLA observations of FR0 radio galaxies: the properties and nature of compact radio sources
High-resolution VLA observations of FR0 radio galaxies: the properties and nature of compact radio sources
We present the results of Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) observations regarding the properties of FR0 radio galaxies, the compact radio sources associated with early-type galaxies that represent the bulk of the local radio-loud population of active galactic nuclei. We obtained A-array observations at 1.5, 4.5 and 7.5 GHz for 18 FR0s from the FR0CAT sample: these are sources at z < 0.05, which are unresolved in the FIRST images and spectroscopically classified as low-excitation galaxies (LEGs). Although we reach an angular resolution of ∼0.3 arcsec, the majority of the 18 FR0s are still unresolved. Only four objects show extended emission. Six have steep radio spectra, 11 have flat cores, while one shows an inverted spectrum. We find that (i) the ratio between the core and total emission in FR0s is ∼30 times higher than that in FRIs, and (ii) FR0s have the same properties as FRIs from the nuclear and host points of view. FR0s differ from FRIs only in the paucity of extended radio emission. Various evolutionary scenarios were investigated: (i) the possibility that all FR0s are young sources eventually evolving into extended sources was ruled out by the distribution of radio sizes; (ii) similarly, a time-dependent scenario, in which a variation of accretion or jet launching prevents the formation of large-scale radio structures, appears to be implausible owing to the large abundance of subkiloparsec objects; (iii) a scenario in which FR0s are produced by mildly relativistic jets is consistent with the data but requires observations of a larger sample if it is to be properly tested.
0035-8711
2294-2304
Baldi, Ranieri D.
c416ed4c-5d1c-48ee-989c-3a8ab38cd124
Capetti, Alessandro
4b5a2e61-ac39-42ca-aa3e-15983b11146c
Giovannini, Gabriele
69c21e2b-1e77-441e-a103-1eddcc560e63
Baldi, Ranieri D.
c416ed4c-5d1c-48ee-989c-3a8ab38cd124
Capetti, Alessandro
4b5a2e61-ac39-42ca-aa3e-15983b11146c
Giovannini, Gabriele
69c21e2b-1e77-441e-a103-1eddcc560e63

Baldi, Ranieri D., Capetti, Alessandro and Giovannini, Gabriele (2019) High-resolution VLA observations of FR0 radio galaxies: the properties and nature of compact radio sources. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 482 (2), 2294-2304. (doi:10.1093/mnras/sty2703).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We present the results of Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) observations regarding the properties of FR0 radio galaxies, the compact radio sources associated with early-type galaxies that represent the bulk of the local radio-loud population of active galactic nuclei. We obtained A-array observations at 1.5, 4.5 and 7.5 GHz for 18 FR0s from the FR0CAT sample: these are sources at z < 0.05, which are unresolved in the FIRST images and spectroscopically classified as low-excitation galaxies (LEGs). Although we reach an angular resolution of ∼0.3 arcsec, the majority of the 18 FR0s are still unresolved. Only four objects show extended emission. Six have steep radio spectra, 11 have flat cores, while one shows an inverted spectrum. We find that (i) the ratio between the core and total emission in FR0s is ∼30 times higher than that in FRIs, and (ii) FR0s have the same properties as FRIs from the nuclear and host points of view. FR0s differ from FRIs only in the paucity of extended radio emission. Various evolutionary scenarios were investigated: (i) the possibility that all FR0s are young sources eventually evolving into extended sources was ruled out by the distribution of radio sizes; (ii) similarly, a time-dependent scenario, in which a variation of accretion or jet launching prevents the formation of large-scale radio structures, appears to be implausible owing to the large abundance of subkiloparsec objects; (iii) a scenario in which FR0s are produced by mildly relativistic jets is consistent with the data but requires observations of a larger sample if it is to be properly tested.

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High-resolution VLA observations of FR0 radio galaxies - the properties and nature of compact radio sources - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 5 October 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 13 November 2018
Published date: January 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 427941
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/427941
ISSN: 0035-8711
PURE UUID: b7bea273-7d8c-4445-bd4d-336587884c7d

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Date deposited: 05 Feb 2019 17:30
Last modified: 13 Mar 2019 17:36

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Contributors

Author: Ranieri D. Baldi
Author: Alessandro Capetti
Author: Gabriele Giovannini

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