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Exploring the anxiety and depression profile in individuals diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder in adulthood

Exploring the anxiety and depression profile in individuals diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder in adulthood
Exploring the anxiety and depression profile in individuals diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder in adulthood
Symptoms of anxiety and depression are commonly reported by adults diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and their presence can exacerbate core autism symptoms and lower quality of life. This study investigated the symptom profile of anxiety and depression, and its correlates (i.e., age at diagnosis, gender, and ASD severity) in a group of adults who were referred to a specialist diagnostic centre for autism and whose diagnosis was confirmed. It explored whether this profile was different in adults who were referred to the same clinic and where the diagnosis was not confirmed. The results showed that 37% and 46% of adults who received a diagnosis of ASD in adulthood reported symptoms that reflected moderate or severe anxiety or depression. In addition, (lower) age, female gender and autism severity contributed independently to individual differences in self-reported anxiety symptoms. Autism severity and the number of adults who reported severe (vs. minimal) anxiety symptoms were increased in the diagnosed (versus the non-diagnosed) adult group. We discuss the implications for prevention and treatment and directions for future research.
1750-9467
1-8
Murray, Caitlin
12d48dbe-7dc5-455a-a48a-9a043a06ea02
Kovshoff, Hanna
82c321ee-d151-40c5-8dde-281af59f2142
Brown, Anthony
034f14b2-a2e8-4fec-9e1f-e7401b3ccdcd
Abbott, Patricia
5a80a6f7-9406-4b31-a624-be6c5d86ad9d
Hadwin, Julie
a364caf0-405a-42f3-a04c-4864817393ee
Murray, Caitlin
12d48dbe-7dc5-455a-a48a-9a043a06ea02
Kovshoff, Hanna
82c321ee-d151-40c5-8dde-281af59f2142
Brown, Anthony
034f14b2-a2e8-4fec-9e1f-e7401b3ccdcd
Abbott, Patricia
5a80a6f7-9406-4b31-a624-be6c5d86ad9d
Hadwin, Julie
a364caf0-405a-42f3-a04c-4864817393ee

Murray, Caitlin, Kovshoff, Hanna, Brown, Anthony, Abbott, Patricia and Hadwin, Julie (2019) Exploring the anxiety and depression profile in individuals diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder in adulthood. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 58, 1-8. (doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2018.11.002).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Symptoms of anxiety and depression are commonly reported by adults diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and their presence can exacerbate core autism symptoms and lower quality of life. This study investigated the symptom profile of anxiety and depression, and its correlates (i.e., age at diagnosis, gender, and ASD severity) in a group of adults who were referred to a specialist diagnostic centre for autism and whose diagnosis was confirmed. It explored whether this profile was different in adults who were referred to the same clinic and where the diagnosis was not confirmed. The results showed that 37% and 46% of adults who received a diagnosis of ASD in adulthood reported symptoms that reflected moderate or severe anxiety or depression. In addition, (lower) age, female gender and autism severity contributed independently to individual differences in self-reported anxiety symptoms. Autism severity and the number of adults who reported severe (vs. minimal) anxiety symptoms were increased in the diagnosed (versus the non-diagnosed) adult group. We discuss the implications for prevention and treatment and directions for future research.

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RASD_02_11_18 - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 19 May 2020.
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 5 November 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 19 November 2018
Published date: February 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 428193
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/428193
ISSN: 1750-9467
PURE UUID: 6bc0ebd0-6f66-44c6-9e17-fdbcf5eb3eea
ORCID for Hanna Kovshoff: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6041-0376

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Date deposited: 14 Feb 2019 17:30
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:45

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Contributors

Author: Caitlin Murray
Author: Hanna Kovshoff ORCID iD
Author: Anthony Brown
Author: Patricia Abbott
Author: Julie Hadwin

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