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Dietary intake of (poly)phenols in children and adults: cross-sectional analysis of UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (2008–2014)

Dietary intake of (poly)phenols in children and adults: cross-sectional analysis of UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (2008–2014)
Dietary intake of (poly)phenols in children and adults: cross-sectional analysis of UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (2008–2014)

Purpose: Current evidence accounts for the role of (poly)phenolic compounds in the prevention of non-communicable diseases. Detailed information on population-level intakes is required to translate these findings into recommendations. This work aimed to estimate (poly)phenol intake in the UK population using data from a nationally representative survey. Methods: Data from 9374 participants (4636 children aged 1.5–18 years and 4738 adults aged 19 years and over) from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (NDNS RP) 2008–2014 was used. (Poly)phenol content of foods consumed in the NDNS RP was identified using Phenol-Explorer and through literature searches. Data on flavonoids, phenolic acids, and stilbenes were collected. Total (poly)phenol content was also assessed. Results: Mean total (poly)phenol intake ranged from 266.6 ± 166.1 mg/day in children aged 1.5–3 years to 1035.1 ± 544.3 mg/day in adults aged 65 years and over, with flavan-3-ols and hydroxycinnamic acids being the most consumed (poly)phenols across all age groups. (Poly)phenol intake was higher in males in all age groups except for adults aged 19–34 and 50–64 years, where intakes were marginally higher in females. Energy-adjusted intakes accounted for the pattern of increasing (poly)phenol intakes with age and a higher intake was observed in females across all age groups, with the exception of children aged 1.5–3 years. The main food sources were non-alcoholic beverages and fruits, being the main compounds flavan-3-ols and caffeoylquinic acids. Conclusions: This analysis provides estimates of (poly)phenol intake from a representative sample of the UK general population, which can help inform the health implications of (poly)phenol intake.

Dietary intake, Flavonoid, Food source, NDNS, Polyphenol
1436-6207
Ziauddeen, Nida
3ad67dd8-26ba-498a-af0a-b1174298995b
Rosi, Alice
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Del Rio, Daniele
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Amoutzopoulos, Birdem
ee850443-f63f-4a70-a584-a25e4382ffbc
Nicholson, Sonja
9b76eaa2-ef0e-4aa4-8584-e3157b391de0
Page, Polly
557ff6f0-650d-4987-93c4-2f7b317998f3
Scazzina, Francesca
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Brighenti, Furio
23eb4dc2-fea2-475c-a832-934c5fdb5a6e
Ray, Sumantra
3ffd0745-148f-4a89-b255-7fcaba5591de
Mena, Pedro
ee08201a-c635-4fe3-81c2-9de39d43101b
Ziauddeen, Nida
3ad67dd8-26ba-498a-af0a-b1174298995b
Rosi, Alice
6ca8939f-32c3-418a-8cf1-9204b8f8aa7e
Del Rio, Daniele
a340082c-830a-4533-ab2b-5a49a754f84d
Amoutzopoulos, Birdem
ee850443-f63f-4a70-a584-a25e4382ffbc
Nicholson, Sonja
9b76eaa2-ef0e-4aa4-8584-e3157b391de0
Page, Polly
557ff6f0-650d-4987-93c4-2f7b317998f3
Scazzina, Francesca
9e546471-0444-456f-b815-4c5a0e8b62fc
Brighenti, Furio
23eb4dc2-fea2-475c-a832-934c5fdb5a6e
Ray, Sumantra
3ffd0745-148f-4a89-b255-7fcaba5591de
Mena, Pedro
ee08201a-c635-4fe3-81c2-9de39d43101b

Ziauddeen, Nida, Rosi, Alice, Del Rio, Daniele, Amoutzopoulos, Birdem, Nicholson, Sonja, Page, Polly, Scazzina, Francesca, Brighenti, Furio, Ray, Sumantra and Mena, Pedro (2018) Dietary intake of (poly)phenols in children and adults: cross-sectional analysis of UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (2008–2014). European Journal of Nutrition. (doi:10.1007/s00394-018-1862-3).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Purpose: Current evidence accounts for the role of (poly)phenolic compounds in the prevention of non-communicable diseases. Detailed information on population-level intakes is required to translate these findings into recommendations. This work aimed to estimate (poly)phenol intake in the UK population using data from a nationally representative survey. Methods: Data from 9374 participants (4636 children aged 1.5–18 years and 4738 adults aged 19 years and over) from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Programme (NDNS RP) 2008–2014 was used. (Poly)phenol content of foods consumed in the NDNS RP was identified using Phenol-Explorer and through literature searches. Data on flavonoids, phenolic acids, and stilbenes were collected. Total (poly)phenol content was also assessed. Results: Mean total (poly)phenol intake ranged from 266.6 ± 166.1 mg/day in children aged 1.5–3 years to 1035.1 ± 544.3 mg/day in adults aged 65 years and over, with flavan-3-ols and hydroxycinnamic acids being the most consumed (poly)phenols across all age groups. (Poly)phenol intake was higher in males in all age groups except for adults aged 19–34 and 50–64 years, where intakes were marginally higher in females. Energy-adjusted intakes accounted for the pattern of increasing (poly)phenol intakes with age and a higher intake was observed in females across all age groups, with the exception of children aged 1.5–3 years. The main food sources were non-alcoholic beverages and fruits, being the main compounds flavan-3-ols and caffeoylquinic acids. Conclusions: This analysis provides estimates of (poly)phenol intake from a representative sample of the UK general population, which can help inform the health implications of (poly)phenol intake.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 14 November 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 17 November 2018
Keywords: Dietary intake, Flavonoid, Food source, NDNS, Polyphenol

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 428232
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/428232
ISSN: 1436-6207
PURE UUID: 959bbc6f-fadd-463e-8868-8f9cb2a5047f

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Date deposited: 15 Feb 2019 17:30
Last modified: 15 Feb 2019 17:30

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