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Improving reporting of meta-ethnography: The eMERGe reporting guidance

Improving reporting of meta-ethnography: The eMERGe reporting guidance
Improving reporting of meta-ethnography: The eMERGe reporting guidance
Aims

The aim of this study was to provide guidance to improve the completeness and clarity of meta-ethnography reporting.

Background

Evidence-based policy and practice require robust evidence syntheses which can further understanding of people’s experiences and associated social processes. Meta-ethnography is a rigorous seven-phase qualitative evidence synthesis methodology, developed by Noblit and Hare. Meta-ethnography is used widely in health research, but reporting is often poor quality and this discourages trust in and use of its findings. Meta-ethnography reporting guidance is needed to improve reporting quality.

Design

The eMERGe study used a rigorous mixed-methods design and evidence-based methods to develop the novel reporting guidance and explanatory notes.

Methods

The study, conducted from 2015 to 2017, comprised of: (1) a methodological systematic review of guidance for meta-ethnography conduct and reporting; (2) a review and audit of published meta-ethnographies to identify good practice principles; (3) international, multidisciplinary consensus-building processes to agree guidance content; (4) innovative development of the guidance and explanatory notes.

Findings

Recommendations and good practice for all seven phases of meta-ethnography conduct and reporting were newly identified leading to 19 reporting criteria and accompanying detailed guidance.

Conclusion

The bespoke eMERGe Reporting Guidance, which incorporates new methodological developments and advances the methodology, can help researchers to report the important aspects of meta-ethnography. Use of the guidance should raise reporting quality. Better reporting could make assessments of confidence in the findings more robust and increase use of meta-ethnography outputs to improve practice, policy, and service user outcomes in health and other fields. This is the first tailored reporting guideline for meta-ethnography. This article is being simultaneously published in the following journals: Journal of Advanced Nursing, Psycho-oncology, Review of Education, and BMC Medical Research Methodology.
Guideline, Meta-ethnography, Nursing, Publication standards, Qualitative evidence synthesis, Qualitative research, Reporting, Research design, Systematic review
1471-2288
1-13
France, Emma F.
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Cunningham, Maggie
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Ring, Nicola
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Uny, Isabelle
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Duncan, Edward A.S.
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Jepson, Ruth G.
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Maxwell, Margaret
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Roberts, Rachel J.
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Turley, Ruth L.
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Booth, Andrew
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Britten, Nicky
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Flemming, Kate
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Gallagher, Ian
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Garside, Ruth
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Hannes, Karin
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Lewin, Simon
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Noblit, George W.
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Pope, Catherine
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Thomas, James
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Vanstone, Meredith
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Higginbottom, Gina M.A.
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Noyes, Jane
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France, Emma F.
bec2378d-985a-4a30-a112-2e890f3beff7
Cunningham, Maggie
b6533ff7-c1f2-40b5-bc97-2214be6a43e7
Ring, Nicola
abd67795-cf5a-423d-ac3e-f82382ff5daf
Uny, Isabelle
e4d0af9b-9ba2-46cc-9bea-00e5618be07e
Duncan, Edward A.S.
fb1ca430-1a49-4822-9315-b3bef4f78d01
Jepson, Ruth G.
57533d21-8c07-4f68-964c-9de747dbb2bc
Maxwell, Margaret
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Roberts, Rachel J.
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Turley, Ruth L.
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Booth, Andrew
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Britten, Nicky
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Flemming, Kate
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Gallagher, Ian
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Garside, Ruth
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Hannes, Karin
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Lewin, Simon
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Noblit, George W.
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Pope, Catherine
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Thomas, James
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Vanstone, Meredith
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Higginbottom, Gina M.A.
57130924-a254-49e1-9ae2-09ff669d66ed
Noyes, Jane
be843342-19e2-4a6d-acb6-3d7c216f55af

France, Emma F., Cunningham, Maggie, Ring, Nicola, Uny, Isabelle, Duncan, Edward A.S., Jepson, Ruth G., Maxwell, Margaret, Roberts, Rachel J., Turley, Ruth L., Booth, Andrew, Britten, Nicky, Flemming, Kate, Gallagher, Ian, Garside, Ruth, Hannes, Karin, Lewin, Simon, Noblit, George W., Pope, Catherine, Thomas, James, Vanstone, Meredith, Higginbottom, Gina M.A. and Noyes, Jane (2019) Improving reporting of meta-ethnography: The eMERGe reporting guidance. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 19 (1), 1-13. (doi:10.1186/s12874-018-0600-0).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Aims

The aim of this study was to provide guidance to improve the completeness and clarity of meta-ethnography reporting.

Background

Evidence-based policy and practice require robust evidence syntheses which can further understanding of people’s experiences and associated social processes. Meta-ethnography is a rigorous seven-phase qualitative evidence synthesis methodology, developed by Noblit and Hare. Meta-ethnography is used widely in health research, but reporting is often poor quality and this discourages trust in and use of its findings. Meta-ethnography reporting guidance is needed to improve reporting quality.

Design

The eMERGe study used a rigorous mixed-methods design and evidence-based methods to develop the novel reporting guidance and explanatory notes.

Methods

The study, conducted from 2015 to 2017, comprised of: (1) a methodological systematic review of guidance for meta-ethnography conduct and reporting; (2) a review and audit of published meta-ethnographies to identify good practice principles; (3) international, multidisciplinary consensus-building processes to agree guidance content; (4) innovative development of the guidance and explanatory notes.

Findings

Recommendations and good practice for all seven phases of meta-ethnography conduct and reporting were newly identified leading to 19 reporting criteria and accompanying detailed guidance.

Conclusion

The bespoke eMERGe Reporting Guidance, which incorporates new methodological developments and advances the methodology, can help researchers to report the important aspects of meta-ethnography. Use of the guidance should raise reporting quality. Better reporting could make assessments of confidence in the findings more robust and increase use of meta-ethnography outputs to improve practice, policy, and service user outcomes in health and other fields. This is the first tailored reporting guideline for meta-ethnography. This article is being simultaneously published in the following journals: Journal of Advanced Nursing, Psycho-oncology, Review of Education, and BMC Medical Research Methodology.

Text
s12874-018-0600-0 - Version of Record
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More information

Published date: 31 January 2019
Keywords: Guideline, Meta-ethnography, Nursing, Publication standards, Qualitative evidence synthesis, Qualitative research, Reporting, Research design, Systematic review

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 428320
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/428320
ISSN: 1471-2288
PURE UUID: d35e330f-7208-479a-acde-ebcf0dd291a5
ORCID for Catherine Pope: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8935-6702

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 21 Feb 2019 17:30
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:43

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Contributors

Author: Emma F. France
Author: Maggie Cunningham
Author: Nicola Ring
Author: Isabelle Uny
Author: Edward A.S. Duncan
Author: Ruth G. Jepson
Author: Margaret Maxwell
Author: Rachel J. Roberts
Author: Ruth L. Turley
Author: Andrew Booth
Author: Nicky Britten
Author: Kate Flemming
Author: Ian Gallagher
Author: Ruth Garside
Author: Karin Hannes
Author: Simon Lewin
Author: George W. Noblit
Author: Catherine Pope ORCID iD
Author: James Thomas
Author: Meredith Vanstone
Author: Gina M.A. Higginbottom
Author: Jane Noyes

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