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Biological pattern based on reaction-diffusion mechanism employed as fabrication strategy for a shell structure

Biological pattern based on reaction-diffusion mechanism employed as fabrication strategy for a shell structure
Biological pattern based on reaction-diffusion mechanism employed as fabrication strategy for a shell structure

This paper examines how generative architectural design processes aim to apply the principles of biological morphogenesis to the design and building of mechanical or architectural structures. Despite the revolution in computation aided design and interdisciplinary upgrades of digital fabrication technologies, design processes fail to acknowledge materials, tools and construction logic in an early design stage, as manifested in nature. The objective of this paper is to introduce a design workflow, based on the knowledge of the tool, material properties, design intuition and aesthetic criteria, to translate biological skin patterns to fabrication processes, incorporating three materials and procedures in a single parametric workflow. Mesh relaxation processes and weighted mesh graph representations are examined as design potentials for stripe organization in fabrication in analogy to numerical simulations of a reaction-diffusion (RD) mechanism. A thin shell and landscape emerge as a self-organizing system in equilibrium. The paper argues that skin patterns in fabrication open a new field for interdisciplinary investigation.

1757-8981
Giannopoulou, Effimia
9ca4351a-9efb-4500-84ce-0ef24ed43865
Baquero, Pablo
63ce5ee1-b377-4c1b-b13c-bf1a3fd213d6
Warang, Angad
7f4a75af-c5e1-4dd3-bcfc-fb3e2c257afc
Orciuoli, Affonso
4ec8a998-3b2a-480c-aaa4-04c2cf66cac1
Estevez, Alberto T.
1fdf56f7-c00a-4911-aa19-9ee1f1b0a93f
Brun-Usan, Miguel A.
5d7fffc6-3cae-4c6d-92a5-0897a737b410
Giannopoulou, Effimia
9ca4351a-9efb-4500-84ce-0ef24ed43865
Baquero, Pablo
63ce5ee1-b377-4c1b-b13c-bf1a3fd213d6
Warang, Angad
7f4a75af-c5e1-4dd3-bcfc-fb3e2c257afc
Orciuoli, Affonso
4ec8a998-3b2a-480c-aaa4-04c2cf66cac1
Estevez, Alberto T.
1fdf56f7-c00a-4911-aa19-9ee1f1b0a93f
Brun-Usan, Miguel A.
5d7fffc6-3cae-4c6d-92a5-0897a737b410

Giannopoulou, Effimia, Baquero, Pablo, Warang, Angad, Orciuoli, Affonso, Estevez, Alberto T. and Brun-Usan, Miguel A. (2019) Biological pattern based on reaction-diffusion mechanism employed as fabrication strategy for a shell structure. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 471 (10). (doi:10.1088/1757-899X/471/10/102053).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper examines how generative architectural design processes aim to apply the principles of biological morphogenesis to the design and building of mechanical or architectural structures. Despite the revolution in computation aided design and interdisciplinary upgrades of digital fabrication technologies, design processes fail to acknowledge materials, tools and construction logic in an early design stage, as manifested in nature. The objective of this paper is to introduce a design workflow, based on the knowledge of the tool, material properties, design intuition and aesthetic criteria, to translate biological skin patterns to fabrication processes, incorporating three materials and procedures in a single parametric workflow. Mesh relaxation processes and weighted mesh graph representations are examined as design potentials for stripe organization in fabrication in analogy to numerical simulations of a reaction-diffusion (RD) mechanism. A thin shell and landscape emerge as a self-organizing system in equilibrium. The paper argues that skin patterns in fabrication open a new field for interdisciplinary investigation.

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Published date: 24 February 2019
Venue - Dates: 3rd World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering, Architecture, Urban Planning Symposium, WMCAUS 2018, Prague, Czech Republic, 2018-06-18 - 2018-06-22

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 429024
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/429024
ISSN: 1757-8981
PURE UUID: 42a48d6a-7340-4197-8c1b-babffa0cfd0e

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Date deposited: 19 Mar 2019 17:30
Last modified: 19 Jul 2019 16:38

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Contributors

Author: Effimia Giannopoulou
Author: Pablo Baquero
Author: Angad Warang
Author: Affonso Orciuoli
Author: Alberto T. Estevez
Author: Miguel A. Brun-Usan

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