The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

A sociotechnical systems approach to driver distraction

A sociotechnical systems approach to driver distraction
A sociotechnical systems approach to driver distraction
The impact of driver distraction on road safety has been a focus of Human Factors research for over half a century. Over this time, developments in technology have served to increase the impact of driver distraction. Mobile phones have attracted much attention within the field, however other technological tasks that are bought into the vehicle by the driver, as well as those that are built in to the vehicle by manufacturers, also negatively affect the drivers’ safe monitoring of the road environment. Traditional methods employed to manage the issue have been critiqued for being too focused on the individual. It is argued that the focus should be on the role of the wider sociotechnical system within which the behaviour occurs. This thesis seeks to explore the issue of driver distraction from technological devices by taking a sociotechnical systems approach.

Initial work with this thesis identified a possible research-practise gap, with a shift towards systems thinking in road transport research that did not translate into recommendations made in practise. Seeking to fill this gap, an exploratory model of driver distraction was developed from the literature using grounded theory methodology. The model presents five factors of distraction that account for the sociotechnical system within which the behaviour emerges. The model is developed, applied and validated through its application to a case study, Accimap analysis, a semi-structured interview study and driving studies in simulated and on-road settings. Throughout these research studies the sociotechnical system surrounding the behaviour has been explored to understand the drivers’ interaction with technological devices. From this perspective, countermeasures are recommended to enhance road safety. This thesis provides theoretical, methodological and practical recommendations for future driver distraction mitigation strategies that are relevant to research practitioners, industry and policy makers.
University of Southampton
Parnell, Katie J.
3c2b89b5-3d65-4f52-9e4f-33b47d9aadf3
Parnell, Katie J.
3c2b89b5-3d65-4f52-9e4f-33b47d9aadf3
Stanton, Neville
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd

Parnell, Katie J. (2017) A sociotechnical systems approach to driver distraction. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 388pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The impact of driver distraction on road safety has been a focus of Human Factors research for over half a century. Over this time, developments in technology have served to increase the impact of driver distraction. Mobile phones have attracted much attention within the field, however other technological tasks that are bought into the vehicle by the driver, as well as those that are built in to the vehicle by manufacturers, also negatively affect the drivers’ safe monitoring of the road environment. Traditional methods employed to manage the issue have been critiqued for being too focused on the individual. It is argued that the focus should be on the role of the wider sociotechnical system within which the behaviour occurs. This thesis seeks to explore the issue of driver distraction from technological devices by taking a sociotechnical systems approach.

Initial work with this thesis identified a possible research-practise gap, with a shift towards systems thinking in road transport research that did not translate into recommendations made in practise. Seeking to fill this gap, an exploratory model of driver distraction was developed from the literature using grounded theory methodology. The model presents five factors of distraction that account for the sociotechnical system within which the behaviour emerges. The model is developed, applied and validated through its application to a case study, Accimap analysis, a semi-structured interview study and driving studies in simulated and on-road settings. Throughout these research studies the sociotechnical system surrounding the behaviour has been explored to understand the drivers’ interaction with technological devices. From this perspective, countermeasures are recommended to enhance road safety. This thesis provides theoretical, methodological and practical recommendations for future driver distraction mitigation strategies that are relevant to research practitioners, industry and policy makers.

Text
Final EngD Thesis - Katie Parnell - Version of Record
Restricted to Repository staff only until 31 March 2021.
Available under License University of Southampton Thesis Licence.

More information

Published date: November 2017

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 429282
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/429282
PURE UUID: 3c3ac911-15bc-4c8e-aabd-2580e6d5342d
ORCID for Katie J. Parnell: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5962-4892
ORCID for Neville Stanton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8562-3279

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 25 Mar 2019 17:30
Last modified: 19 Jun 2019 00:33

Export record

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×