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Validation of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire in 5 and 6 year-old children: The GUSTO cohort study

Validation of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire in 5 and 6 year-old children: The GUSTO cohort study
Validation of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire in 5 and 6 year-old children: The GUSTO cohort study
Revised subscales of the Children’s Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) have been proposed to be more appropriate for assessing appetitive traits in Singaporean 3 year-olds, but the CEBQ has not yet been validated in older children in this population. The current study aimed to validate the CEBQ at ages 5 (n = 653) and 6 (n = 449) in the ethnically diverse GUSTO cohort. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) examined whether the established eight-factor model of the CEBQ was supported in this sample. Overall, the CFA showed a poor model fit at both ages 5 and 6. At both ages 5 and 6, an exploratory factor analysis revealed a six-factor structure: food fussiness, enjoyment of food, slowness in eating, emotional undereating, emotional overeating and desire to drink. Cronbach’s alpha estimates ranged from 0.70 to 0.85 for all subscales. Criterion validity was tested by correlating subscales with the weight status of 6 years of age. At age 5 and 6, lower scores of slowness of eating while higher scores of enjoyment of food was associated with child overweight. At age 6, higher scores of desire to drink was also associated child overweight. In conclusion, a revised six factor-structure of the CEBQ at ages 5 and 6 were more appropriate for examining appetitive traits in this sample.
1664-1078
Quah, Phaik Ling
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Fries, Lisa
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Chan, Mei Jun
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Fogel, Anna
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McCrickerd, Keri
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Goh, Ai Ting
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Aris, Izzuddin M.
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Lee, Yung Seng
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Pang, Wei Wei
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Basnyat, Iccha
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Wee, Hwee Lin
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Yap, Fabian
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Godfrey, Keith
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Chong, Yap-Seng
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Shek, Lynette P.
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Tan, Kok Hian
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Forde, Ciaran G
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Chong, Mary F.F.
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Quah, Phaik Ling
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Fries, Lisa
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Chan, Mei Jun
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Fogel, Anna
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McCrickerd, Keri
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Goh, Ai Ting
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Aris, Izzuddin M.
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Lee, Yung Seng
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Pang, Wei Wei
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Basnyat, Iccha
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Wee, Hwee Lin
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Yap, Fabian
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Godfrey, Keith
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Chong, Yap-Seng
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Shek, Lynette P.
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Tan, Kok Hian
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Forde, Ciaran G
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Chong, Mary F.F.
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Quah, Phaik Ling, Fries, Lisa, Chan, Mei Jun, Fogel, Anna, McCrickerd, Keri, Goh, Ai Ting, Aris, Izzuddin M., Lee, Yung Seng, Pang, Wei Wei, Basnyat, Iccha, Wee, Hwee Lin, Yap, Fabian, Godfrey, Keith, Chong, Yap-Seng, Shek, Lynette P., Tan, Kok Hian, Forde, Ciaran G and Chong, Mary F.F. (2019) Validation of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire in 5 and 6 year-old children: The GUSTO cohort study. Frontiers in Psychology. (doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00824).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Revised subscales of the Children’s Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) have been proposed to be more appropriate for assessing appetitive traits in Singaporean 3 year-olds, but the CEBQ has not yet been validated in older children in this population. The current study aimed to validate the CEBQ at ages 5 (n = 653) and 6 (n = 449) in the ethnically diverse GUSTO cohort. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) examined whether the established eight-factor model of the CEBQ was supported in this sample. Overall, the CFA showed a poor model fit at both ages 5 and 6. At both ages 5 and 6, an exploratory factor analysis revealed a six-factor structure: food fussiness, enjoyment of food, slowness in eating, emotional undereating, emotional overeating and desire to drink. Cronbach’s alpha estimates ranged from 0.70 to 0.85 for all subscales. Criterion validity was tested by correlating subscales with the weight status of 6 years of age. At age 5 and 6, lower scores of slowness of eating while higher scores of enjoyment of food was associated with child overweight. At age 6, higher scores of desire to drink was also associated child overweight. In conclusion, a revised six factor-structure of the CEBQ at ages 5 and 6 were more appropriate for examining appetitive traits in this sample.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 27 March 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 11 April 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 429719
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/429719
ISSN: 1664-1078
PURE UUID: 096f8796-fba2-4d6f-b670-ba7bfd6c253e
ORCID for Keith Godfrey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4643-0618

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 Apr 2019 16:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 02:35

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Contributors

Author: Phaik Ling Quah
Author: Lisa Fries
Author: Mei Jun Chan
Author: Anna Fogel
Author: Keri McCrickerd
Author: Ai Ting Goh
Author: Izzuddin M. Aris
Author: Yung Seng Lee
Author: Wei Wei Pang
Author: Iccha Basnyat
Author: Hwee Lin Wee
Author: Fabian Yap
Author: Keith Godfrey ORCID iD
Author: Yap-Seng Chong
Author: Lynette P. Shek
Author: Kok Hian Tan
Author: Ciaran G Forde
Author: Mary F.F. Chong

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