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A human factors perspective on automated driving

A human factors perspective on automated driving
A human factors perspective on automated driving

Automated driving can fundamentally change road transportation and improve quality of life. However, at present, the role of humans in automated vehicles (AVs) is not clearly established. Interviews were conducted in April and May 2015 with 12 expert researchers in the field of human factors (HFs) of automated driving to identify commonalities and distinctive perspectives regarding HF challenges in the development of AVs. The experts indicated that an AV up to SAE Level 4 should inform its driver about the AV's capabilities and operational status, and ensure safety while changing between automated and manual modes. HF research should particularly address interactions between AVs, human drivers and vulnerable road users. Additionally, driver-training programmes may have to be modified to ensure that humans are capable of using AVs. Finally, a reflection on the interviews is provided, showing discordance between the interviewees’ statements–which appear to be in line with a long history of HFs research–and the rapid development of automation technology. We expect our perspective to be instrumental for stakeholders involved in AV development and instructive to other parties.

Automated driving, experts’ vision, human factors challenges, interview study, levels of automation
1463-922X
223-249
Kyriakidis, M.
92cd5b56-a693-49d8-9be2-150ff2da74e1
de Winter, J. C.F.
59ebe174-7c3e-4b83-937e-f36a9a9c106a
Stanton, N.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd
Bellet, T.
22df808d-1a5e-4abb-8140-c60b3bb55eb2
van Arem, B.
95291aab-bdc1-40ba-8c2a-6149e4a7238a
Brookhuis, K.
003ece70-fa06-4aa3-aaf1-05d36765a0c1
Martens, M. H.
badf8d00-ef25-4cf7-8f45-66aebbcba575
Bengler, K.
a99aab2e-820c-4e56-a927-9589e259ee0b
Andersson, J.
b07d71e9-2654-40ba-9c69-0775557bf7de
Merat, N.
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Reed, N.
d4e42d95-2a16-446f-813f-b620a230c149
Flament, M.
528d17e2-4bb3-43fe-8e87-3ee5667470de
Hagenzieker, M.
6f712aa4-9f09-4362-bf31-177242f6ea6d
Happee, R.
a4bc6296-0def-4b2b-959a-4fdee0a77bce
Kyriakidis, M.
92cd5b56-a693-49d8-9be2-150ff2da74e1
de Winter, J. C.F.
59ebe174-7c3e-4b83-937e-f36a9a9c106a
Stanton, N.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd
Bellet, T.
22df808d-1a5e-4abb-8140-c60b3bb55eb2
van Arem, B.
95291aab-bdc1-40ba-8c2a-6149e4a7238a
Brookhuis, K.
003ece70-fa06-4aa3-aaf1-05d36765a0c1
Martens, M. H.
badf8d00-ef25-4cf7-8f45-66aebbcba575
Bengler, K.
a99aab2e-820c-4e56-a927-9589e259ee0b
Andersson, J.
b07d71e9-2654-40ba-9c69-0775557bf7de
Merat, N.
1e896dda-71f5-4b0a-86dd-69574c2b6a39
Reed, N.
d4e42d95-2a16-446f-813f-b620a230c149
Flament, M.
528d17e2-4bb3-43fe-8e87-3ee5667470de
Hagenzieker, M.
6f712aa4-9f09-4362-bf31-177242f6ea6d
Happee, R.
a4bc6296-0def-4b2b-959a-4fdee0a77bce

Kyriakidis, M., de Winter, J. C.F., Stanton, N., Bellet, T., van Arem, B., Brookhuis, K., Martens, M. H., Bengler, K., Andersson, J., Merat, N., Reed, N., Flament, M., Hagenzieker, M. and Happee, R. (2019) A human factors perspective on automated driving. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 20 (3), 223-249. (doi:10.1080/1463922X.2017.1293187).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Automated driving can fundamentally change road transportation and improve quality of life. However, at present, the role of humans in automated vehicles (AVs) is not clearly established. Interviews were conducted in April and May 2015 with 12 expert researchers in the field of human factors (HFs) of automated driving to identify commonalities and distinctive perspectives regarding HF challenges in the development of AVs. The experts indicated that an AV up to SAE Level 4 should inform its driver about the AV's capabilities and operational status, and ensure safety while changing between automated and manual modes. HF research should particularly address interactions between AVs, human drivers and vulnerable road users. Additionally, driver-training programmes may have to be modified to ensure that humans are capable of using AVs. Finally, a reflection on the interviews is provided, showing discordance between the interviewees’ statements–which appear to be in line with a long history of HFs research–and the rapid development of automation technology. We expect our perspective to be instrumental for stakeholders involved in AV development and instructive to other parties.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 5 February 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 8 March 2017
Published date: 4 May 2019
Keywords: Automated driving, experts’ vision, human factors challenges, interview study, levels of automation

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 429918
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/429918
ISSN: 1463-922X
PURE UUID: 50709e27-faad-43e0-ada3-d17a88b2770e
ORCID for N. Stanton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8562-3279

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 09 Apr 2019 16:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 02:54

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Contributors

Author: M. Kyriakidis
Author: J. C.F. de Winter
Author: N. Stanton ORCID iD
Author: T. Bellet
Author: B. van Arem
Author: K. Brookhuis
Author: M. H. Martens
Author: K. Bengler
Author: J. Andersson
Author: N. Merat
Author: N. Reed
Author: M. Flament
Author: M. Hagenzieker
Author: R. Happee

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