The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Individual-level protective factors for sexual health outcomes among sexual minority youth: a systematic review of the literature

Individual-level protective factors for sexual health outcomes among sexual minority youth: a systematic review of the literature
Individual-level protective factors for sexual health outcomes among sexual minority youth: a systematic review of the literature
Although factors associated with negative sexual health outcomes among sexual minority youth (SMY) have been well documented, protective factors have been less studied. This review summarises the current state of science on individual-level protective factors for SMY and identifies gaps to inform future research. A systematic search of non-intervention, empirical peer-reviewed research was conducted. Articles that examined an a priori-identified individual-level protective factor and at least one sexual health outcome in a sample or subsample of SMY aged 10–24 years in Western, industrialised countries were eligible for inclusion. A total of 21 articles that reported data from 13 unique studies met inclusion criteria. Only two studies described findings for young sexual minority women and thus the literature synthesis was limited to studies reporting on young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in the USA. A total of 11 individual-level protective factors were examined. Subjective peer norms and attitudes about condom use were repeatedly protective in cross-sectional analyses. Findings related to self-efficacy, self-esteem and clear and positive identity were more mixed. The findings of this review suggest that attitudes and subjective peer norms related to condom use are promising intervention targets for YMSM. There is a need, however, for longitudinal research to confirm these protective effects and to consider them among other SMY. Moreover, protective factors related to skills and competencies have been insufficiently studied among SMY. Addressing these gaps will help develop a robust body of evidence to inform interventions.
1448-5028
311-327
Armstrong, Heather L.
3dc9c223-1a61-47ad-ab0b-50d06cddf4f2
Steiner, Riley J.
8e0c7877-c812-4d93-b0d5-6aa300831a4d
Jayne, Paula E.
3e043795-7a7e-41a5-8142-45117a71bd1c
Beltran, Oscar
9d0e1a91-93ef-4855-84bd-5bdf94e2d8b0
Armstrong, Heather L.
3dc9c223-1a61-47ad-ab0b-50d06cddf4f2
Steiner, Riley J.
8e0c7877-c812-4d93-b0d5-6aa300831a4d
Jayne, Paula E.
3e043795-7a7e-41a5-8142-45117a71bd1c
Beltran, Oscar
9d0e1a91-93ef-4855-84bd-5bdf94e2d8b0

Armstrong, Heather L., Steiner, Riley J., Jayne, Paula E. and Beltran, Oscar (2016) Individual-level protective factors for sexual health outcomes among sexual minority youth: a systematic review of the literature. Sexual Health, 13 (4), 311-327. (doi:10.1071/SH15200).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Although factors associated with negative sexual health outcomes among sexual minority youth (SMY) have been well documented, protective factors have been less studied. This review summarises the current state of science on individual-level protective factors for SMY and identifies gaps to inform future research. A systematic search of non-intervention, empirical peer-reviewed research was conducted. Articles that examined an a priori-identified individual-level protective factor and at least one sexual health outcome in a sample or subsample of SMY aged 10–24 years in Western, industrialised countries were eligible for inclusion. A total of 21 articles that reported data from 13 unique studies met inclusion criteria. Only two studies described findings for young sexual minority women and thus the literature synthesis was limited to studies reporting on young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in the USA. A total of 11 individual-level protective factors were examined. Subjective peer norms and attitudes about condom use were repeatedly protective in cross-sectional analyses. Findings related to self-efficacy, self-esteem and clear and positive identity were more mixed. The findings of this review suggest that attitudes and subjective peer norms related to condom use are promising intervention targets for YMSM. There is a need, however, for longitudinal research to confirm these protective effects and to consider them among other SMY. Moreover, protective factors related to skills and competencies have been insufficiently studied among SMY. Addressing these gaps will help develop a robust body of evidence to inform interventions.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 8 March 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 9 June 2016

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 429951
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/429951
ISSN: 1448-5028
PURE UUID: da35189d-ac22-45c9-a7ef-6543bda0fe6b
ORCID for Heather L. Armstrong: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1071-8644

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 09 Apr 2019 16:30
Last modified: 10 Apr 2019 00:20

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Riley J. Steiner
Author: Paula E. Jayne
Author: Oscar Beltran

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×