The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Eye-movement behaviours when viewing real-world pain-related images

Eye-movement behaviours when viewing real-world pain-related images
Eye-movement behaviours when viewing real-world pain-related images

Background: Pain-related cues are evolutionarily primed to capture attention, although evidence of attentional biases towards pain-related information is mixed in healthy individuals. The present study explores whether healthy individuals show significantly different eye-movement behaviours when viewing real-world pain-related scenes compared to neutral scenes. The effect of manipulating via written information the threat value of the pain-related scenes on eye-movement behaviours was also assessed. Methods: Participants were randomized to threatening (n = 28) and non-threatening (n = 27) information conditions. All completed a free-viewing task with real-world pain-related and neutral images while their eye movements were recorded. Results: Participants made significantly fewer fixations of significantly longer duration when viewing pain-related images compared to neutral images. No significant differences were found between threatening and non-threatening information groups in their pattern of eye movements. Conclusions: This study shows that healthy individuals demonstrate attentional biases to pain-related real-world complex images compared to neutral images. Future research is needed to establish the implications of these biases, particularly in the context of acute pain, on the onset and/or subsequent maintenance of chronic pain conditions. Significance: Healthy individuals show different eye-movement behaviours when viewing pain-related scenes than neutral scenes, supporting evolutionary accounts of pain. Implications for the onset and/or maintenance of chronic pain need to be explored.

1090-3801
945-956
Schoth, Daniel E.
73f3036e-b8cb-40b2-9466-e8e0f341fdd5
Wu, Jun
e73d2b38-2873-4c10-b53d-67132e414bab
Zhang, Jin
27009b1e-dd46-4a6c-a3bc-d5a90246d9e9
Guo, Xiaoying
f4e43b9f-648a-4ad2-9edd-42833892a7e8
Liossi, Christina
fd401ad6-581a-4a31-a60b-f8671ffd3558
Schoth, Daniel E.
73f3036e-b8cb-40b2-9466-e8e0f341fdd5
Wu, Jun
e73d2b38-2873-4c10-b53d-67132e414bab
Zhang, Jin
27009b1e-dd46-4a6c-a3bc-d5a90246d9e9
Guo, Xiaoying
f4e43b9f-648a-4ad2-9edd-42833892a7e8
Liossi, Christina
fd401ad6-581a-4a31-a60b-f8671ffd3558

Schoth, Daniel E., Wu, Jun, Zhang, Jin, Guo, Xiaoying and Liossi, Christina (2019) Eye-movement behaviours when viewing real-world pain-related images. European Journal of Pain, 23 (5), 945-956. (doi:10.1002/ejp.1363).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background: Pain-related cues are evolutionarily primed to capture attention, although evidence of attentional biases towards pain-related information is mixed in healthy individuals. The present study explores whether healthy individuals show significantly different eye-movement behaviours when viewing real-world pain-related scenes compared to neutral scenes. The effect of manipulating via written information the threat value of the pain-related scenes on eye-movement behaviours was also assessed. Methods: Participants were randomized to threatening (n = 28) and non-threatening (n = 27) information conditions. All completed a free-viewing task with real-world pain-related and neutral images while their eye movements were recorded. Results: Participants made significantly fewer fixations of significantly longer duration when viewing pain-related images compared to neutral images. No significant differences were found between threatening and non-threatening information groups in their pattern of eye movements. Conclusions: This study shows that healthy individuals demonstrate attentional biases to pain-related real-world complex images compared to neutral images. Future research is needed to establish the implications of these biases, particularly in the context of acute pain, on the onset and/or subsequent maintenance of chronic pain conditions. Significance: Healthy individuals show different eye-movement behaviours when viewing pain-related scenes than neutral scenes, supporting evolutionary accounts of pain. Implications for the onset and/or maintenance of chronic pain need to be explored.

Text
Schoth_et_al-2019-European_Journal_of_Pain - Version of Record
Restricted to Repository staff only
Request a copy

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 19 December 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 10 January 2019
Published date: May 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 430140
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/430140
ISSN: 1090-3801
PURE UUID: 891bdc68-64e4-45b5-9340-abab4773229c
ORCID for Christina Liossi: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0627-6377

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 12 Apr 2019 16:30
Last modified: 27 Nov 2020 17:32

Export record

Altmetrics

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×