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Bulgaria: sea-level change and submerged settlements on the Black Sea

Bulgaria: sea-level change and submerged settlements on the Black Sea
Bulgaria: sea-level change and submerged settlements on the Black Sea
The Black Sea is recognised as having great potential for the preservation of submerged prehistoric sites because of the large area of land exposed on the continental shelf at lowest sea levels, especially along its western and north-western coastlines. However, very few have been discovered to date, and those that are known are located in Bulgaria. Because of the complexities associated with the periodic isolation of the Black Sea from the Mediterranean and its reconnection, offshore research has tended to focus on geological and geophysical investigation of inundation history, with unresolved and strongly-held disagreements about the timing and rapidity of sea level rise at the end of the Last Glacial and its potential human impact. In Bulgaria, a rich concentration of underwater prehistoric sites has been discovered thanks to dredging activities earlier in the 20th century and a long tradition of underwater archaeological investigations going back to the 1970s. These demonstrate the presence of substantial in situ village settlements of Eneolithic and Early Bronze Age date in shallow water (< 10 m), with excellent preservation of large ceramic assemblages, wooden structures, and faunal and palynological data on palaeodiet and palaeoeconomy. More recently, large scale marine-geological and archaeological projects have begun, aimed at integrating shallow-water inshore investigations with offshore survey in deeper water.
Early Bronze Age, Eneolithic, Flood hypothesis, Sea-level change, Underwater settlements
2211-0577
393-412
Springer
Peev, Preslav
0a4f8e84-2c12-44d8-9538-4b8a75a7abfc
Farr, Rosemary
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Slavchev, Vladimir
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Grant, Michael
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Adams, Jonathan
184a058c-d4b1-44fc-9bff-cadee3882bc8
Bailey, Geoff
889169bb-e72b-4a06-a488-59c17cb2b685
Bailey, Geoff
Galanidou, Nena
Peeters, Hans
Jöns, Hauke
Mennenga, Moritz
Peev, Preslav
0a4f8e84-2c12-44d8-9538-4b8a75a7abfc
Farr, Rosemary
4aba646f-b279-4d7a-8795-b0ae9e772fe9
Slavchev, Vladimir
6a6a0a2b-a048-460d-9636-cb4028ca5289
Grant, Michael
56dae074-d54a-4da8-858a-2bf364a5a550
Adams, Jonathan
184a058c-d4b1-44fc-9bff-cadee3882bc8
Bailey, Geoff
889169bb-e72b-4a06-a488-59c17cb2b685
Bailey, Geoff
Galanidou, Nena
Peeters, Hans
Jöns, Hauke
Mennenga, Moritz

Peev, Preslav, Farr, Rosemary, Slavchev, Vladimir, Grant, Michael, Adams, Jonathan and Bailey, Geoff (2020) Bulgaria: sea-level change and submerged settlements on the Black Sea. In, Bailey, Geoff, Galanidou, Nena, Peeters, Hans, Jöns, Hauke and Mennenga, Moritz (eds.) The Archaeology of Europe’s Drowned Landscapes. (Coastal Research Library, 35) Cham. Springer, pp. 393-412. (doi:10.1007/978-3-030-37367-2_20).

Record type: Book Section

Abstract

The Black Sea is recognised as having great potential for the preservation of submerged prehistoric sites because of the large area of land exposed on the continental shelf at lowest sea levels, especially along its western and north-western coastlines. However, very few have been discovered to date, and those that are known are located in Bulgaria. Because of the complexities associated with the periodic isolation of the Black Sea from the Mediterranean and its reconnection, offshore research has tended to focus on geological and geophysical investigation of inundation history, with unresolved and strongly-held disagreements about the timing and rapidity of sea level rise at the end of the Last Glacial and its potential human impact. In Bulgaria, a rich concentration of underwater prehistoric sites has been discovered thanks to dredging activities earlier in the 20th century and a long tradition of underwater archaeological investigations going back to the 1970s. These demonstrate the presence of substantial in situ village settlements of Eneolithic and Early Bronze Age date in shallow water (< 10 m), with excellent preservation of large ceramic assemblages, wooden structures, and faunal and palynological data on palaeodiet and palaeoeconomy. More recently, large scale marine-geological and archaeological projects have begun, aimed at integrating shallow-water inshore investigations with offshore survey in deeper water.

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Accepted/In Press date: 4 April 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 10 April 2020
Published date: 2020
Keywords: Early Bronze Age, Eneolithic, Flood hypothesis, Sea-level change, Underwater settlements

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 430203
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/430203
ISSN: 2211-0577
PURE UUID: 0d41285d-3797-4623-887a-d8084ee9722d
ORCID for Michael Grant: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4766-6913

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Date deposited: 16 Apr 2019 16:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 03:02

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Contributors

Author: Preslav Peev
Author: Rosemary Farr
Author: Vladimir Slavchev
Author: Michael Grant ORCID iD
Author: Jonathan Adams
Author: Geoff Bailey
Editor: Geoff Bailey
Editor: Nena Galanidou
Editor: Hans Peeters
Editor: Hauke Jöns
Editor: Moritz Mennenga

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