The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Stable individual differences in occasion setting

Stable individual differences in occasion setting
Stable individual differences in occasion setting
In the current investigation we classified participants as inhibitors or non-inhibitors depending on the extent to which they showed conditioned inhibition in a context that had been used for extinction of a conditioned response. This classification enabled us to predict participant responses in a second experiment which used a different design and a different experimental task. In the second experiment a feature-negative discrimination survived reversal training of the feature to a greater extent in the non-inhibitors than in the inhibitors and this result was supported by Bayesian analyses. We propose that the fundamental distinction between inhibitors and non-inhibitors is based on a tendency to utilise first-order (direct associations) or second-order (occasion-setting) strategies when faced with ambiguous information and that this classification is a stable individual differences attribute.
associative learning, inhibition, occasion-setting, response-recovery, feature-negative discrimination, reversal, individual differences
1618-3169
Glautier, Steven
964468b2-3ad7-40cc-b4be-e35c7dee518f
Brudan, Ovidiu-Ionut
181623dc-85bf-4516-8383-c39a7a929464
Glautier, Steven
964468b2-3ad7-40cc-b4be-e35c7dee518f
Brudan, Ovidiu-Ionut
181623dc-85bf-4516-8383-c39a7a929464

Glautier, Steven and Brudan, Ovidiu-Ionut (2019) Stable individual differences in occasion setting. Experimental Psychology. (In Press)

Record type: Article

Abstract

In the current investigation we classified participants as inhibitors or non-inhibitors depending on the extent to which they showed conditioned inhibition in a context that had been used for extinction of a conditioned response. This classification enabled us to predict participant responses in a second experiment which used a different design and a different experimental task. In the second experiment a feature-negative discrimination survived reversal training of the feature to a greater extent in the non-inhibitors than in the inhibitors and this result was supported by Bayesian analyses. We propose that the fundamental distinction between inhibitors and non-inhibitors is based on a tendency to utilise first-order (direct associations) or second-order (occasion-setting) strategies when faced with ambiguous information and that this classification is a stable individual differences attribute.

Text
GlautierBrudan2019OSIDPostPrint - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 12 April 2020.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
Request a copy

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 11 April 2019
Related URLs:
Keywords: associative learning, inhibition, occasion-setting, response-recovery, feature-negative discrimination, reversal, individual differences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 430284
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/430284
ISSN: 1618-3169
PURE UUID: 49fb636d-c31a-462f-820d-9c175234c24b

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 24 Apr 2019 16:30
Last modified: 24 Apr 2019 16:30

Export record

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×