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Securing navigation of unmanned maritime systems

Securing navigation of unmanned maritime systems
Securing navigation of unmanned maritime systems
Unmanned Maritime Systems (UMS), such as Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs), are increasingly playing a critical role in expanding the undersea superiority of a nation, addressing growing challenges, such as, inter alia, in piracy, natural resource disputes, drug trafficking, weapons proliferation, as well as being highly used for science and survey missions. Autonomous capabilities in USVs can reduce the costs of reaching into distant environments and using that reach to meet a particular mission’s objectives. However, to take on increased autonomy in unmanned systems, USVs will increasingly require the ability to be untethered from human interaction, and a key enabler to effecting this is accurate navigation. USVs have traditionally depended on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), which are known to have security and safety vulnerabilites. Using systems-theoretic process analysis (STPA), this paper provides systematic analyses of the attack surfaces and of the impact of cyber attacks against the navigational aspects of Unmanned Surface Vehicles. As part of these analyses, we identify potential threats, vulnerabilities and attacks in the Positioning, Navigation and Timing (PNT) functionalities of USVs. These analyses can be used to drive a USV’s architecture, leading to the design of more effective and secure USV operations.
53-62
CEUR-WS
Omitola, Temitope
1c60a885-5485-4676-8907-d657c22d5f58
Downes, Jonathan
ebc0f09b-9d33-4815-bedf-bc77df59c822
Wills, Gary
3a594558-6921-4e82-8098-38cd8d4e8aa0
Zwolinski, Mark
adfcb8e7-877f-4bd7-9b55-7553b6cb3ea0
Butler, Michael
54b9c2c7-2574-438e-9a36-6842a3d53ed0
Schillai, Sophia M.
Townsend, Nicholas C.
Omitola, Temitope
1c60a885-5485-4676-8907-d657c22d5f58
Downes, Jonathan
ebc0f09b-9d33-4815-bedf-bc77df59c822
Wills, Gary
3a594558-6921-4e82-8098-38cd8d4e8aa0
Zwolinski, Mark
adfcb8e7-877f-4bd7-9b55-7553b6cb3ea0
Butler, Michael
54b9c2c7-2574-438e-9a36-6842a3d53ed0
Schillai, Sophia M.
Townsend, Nicholas C.

Omitola, Temitope, Downes, Jonathan, Wills, Gary, Zwolinski, Mark and Butler, Michael (2018) Securing navigation of unmanned maritime systems. Schillai, Sophia M. and Townsend, Nicholas C. (eds.) In Proceedings of the 11th International Robotic Sailing Conference: Southampton, United Kingdom, August 31st - September 1st, 2018. vol. 2331, CEUR-WS. pp. 53-62 .

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Unmanned Maritime Systems (UMS), such as Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs), are increasingly playing a critical role in expanding the undersea superiority of a nation, addressing growing challenges, such as, inter alia, in piracy, natural resource disputes, drug trafficking, weapons proliferation, as well as being highly used for science and survey missions. Autonomous capabilities in USVs can reduce the costs of reaching into distant environments and using that reach to meet a particular mission’s objectives. However, to take on increased autonomy in unmanned systems, USVs will increasingly require the ability to be untethered from human interaction, and a key enabler to effecting this is accurate navigation. USVs have traditionally depended on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), which are known to have security and safety vulnerabilites. Using systems-theoretic process analysis (STPA), this paper provides systematic analyses of the attack surfaces and of the impact of cyber attacks against the navigational aspects of Unmanned Surface Vehicles. As part of these analyses, we identify potential threats, vulnerabilities and attacks in the Positioning, Navigation and Timing (PNT) functionalities of USVs. These analyses can be used to drive a USV’s architecture, leading to the design of more effective and secure USV operations.

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More information

Published date: 31 August 2018
Venue - Dates: International Robotic Sailing Conference 2018, Southampton, United Kingdom, 2018-08-31 - 2018-09-01

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 430295
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/430295
PURE UUID: bf8718d6-7234-4b3c-a602-c31e222d9f87
ORCID for Jonathan Downes: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2027-4474
ORCID for Gary Wills: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5771-4088
ORCID for Mark Zwolinski: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2230-625X
ORCID for Michael Butler: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4642-5373

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 25 Apr 2019 16:30
Last modified: 27 Jul 2019 00:38

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