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Modelling the observable behaviour of SXP 5.05

Modelling the observable behaviour of SXP 5.05
Modelling the observable behaviour of SXP 5.05
SXP 5.05 is a Be/X-ray binary with a neutron star companion located in the Small Magellanic Cloud. It was first detected in 2013, and later that year, SXP 5.05 underwent a massive optical and X-ray outburst. This outburst dwarfs any other optical event that has been observed for this system during the last 5 years. The large increase in optical brightness of the system implies an increase in the size and density of the Be star's circumstellar disc. The X-ray data show two occultations of the neutron star per orbit and is not consistent with a neutron star passing behind the Be star, and hence the disc is responsible for these occultations. In this paper, we model the outburst of Be/neutron star binary SXP 5.05 as being due to a large increase in mass ejection by the Be star. The neutron star passes directly through the growing disc, and it is shown that the resulting obscuration can qualitatively explain the observed X-ray behaviour of the system. We find the only way to reproduce the timescales of the observed optical behaviour of the system is to increase the mass ejection substantially for a short time (<2 orbits) and to decrease the viscosity during the event. The general behaviour of the observed X-ray and Halpha line emission are also reproduced by the model. However, the inferred mass ejection and viscosity needed to produce a sufficiently rapid increase of disc size are both higher than suggested by previous works.
0035-8711
3078-3086
Brown, R.O.
84b6cf9e-29e6-4390-a843-5d8f51551910
Coe, M.J.
04dfb23b-1456-46a3-9242-5cee983471d5
Ho, W.C.G.
d78d4c52-8f92-4846-876f-e04a8f803a45
Okazaki, A.T.
b662a62e-0a66-49cc-9eb5-6c4b07555191
Brown, R.O.
84b6cf9e-29e6-4390-a843-5d8f51551910
Coe, M.J.
04dfb23b-1456-46a3-9242-5cee983471d5
Ho, W.C.G.
d78d4c52-8f92-4846-876f-e04a8f803a45
Okazaki, A.T.
b662a62e-0a66-49cc-9eb5-6c4b07555191

Brown, R.O., Coe, M.J., Ho, W.C.G. and Okazaki, A.T. (2019) Modelling the observable behaviour of SXP 5.05. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 486 (3), 3078-3086. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1037).

Record type: Article

Abstract

SXP 5.05 is a Be/X-ray binary with a neutron star companion located in the Small Magellanic Cloud. It was first detected in 2013, and later that year, SXP 5.05 underwent a massive optical and X-ray outburst. This outburst dwarfs any other optical event that has been observed for this system during the last 5 years. The large increase in optical brightness of the system implies an increase in the size and density of the Be star's circumstellar disc. The X-ray data show two occultations of the neutron star per orbit and is not consistent with a neutron star passing behind the Be star, and hence the disc is responsible for these occultations. In this paper, we model the outburst of Be/neutron star binary SXP 5.05 as being due to a large increase in mass ejection by the Be star. The neutron star passes directly through the growing disc, and it is shown that the resulting obscuration can qualitatively explain the observed X-ray behaviour of the system. We find the only way to reproduce the timescales of the observed optical behaviour of the system is to increase the mass ejection substantially for a short time (<2 orbits) and to decrease the viscosity during the event. The general behaviour of the observed X-ray and Halpha line emission are also reproduced by the model. However, the inferred mass ejection and viscosity needed to produce a sufficiently rapid increase of disc size are both higher than suggested by previous works.

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1904.06165 - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 8 April 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 13 April 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 430314
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/430314
ISSN: 0035-8711
PURE UUID: c5ec5e09-5f4a-4457-9326-a5ccedc8d4a2
ORCID for M.J. Coe: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0763-8547
ORCID for W.C.G. Ho: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6089-6836

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Date deposited: 25 Apr 2019 16:30
Last modified: 27 Apr 2019 00:38

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