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Top 100 questions for biodiversity conservation in Southeast Asia

Top 100 questions for biodiversity conservation in Southeast Asia
Top 100 questions for biodiversity conservation in Southeast Asia
Southeast (SE) Asia holds high regional biodiversity and endemism levels but is also one of the world's most threatened regions. Local, regional and global threats could have severe consequences for the future survival of many species and the provision of ecosystem services.

In the face of myriad pressing environmental problems, we carried out a research prioritisation exercise involving 64 experts whose research relates to conservation biology and sustainability in SE Asia. Experts proposed the most pressing research questions which, if answered, would advance the goals of biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in SE Asia. We received a total of 333 questions through three rounds of elicitation, ranked them (by votes) following a workshop and grouped them into themes.

The top 100 questions depict SE Asia as a region where strong pressures on biodiversity interact in complex and poorly understood ways. They point to a lack of information about multiple facets of the environment, while exposing the many threats to biodiversity and human wellbeing. The themes that emerged indicate the need to evaluate specific drivers of biodiversity loss (wildlife harvesting, agricultural expansion, climate change, infrastructure development, pollution) and even to identify which species and habitats are most at risk. They also suggest the need to study the effectiveness of practice-based solutions (protected areas, ecological restoration), the human dimension (social interventions, organisational systems and processes and, the impacts of biodiversity loss and conservation interventions on people). Finally, they highlight gaps in fundamental knowledge of ecosystem function. These 100 questions should help prioritise and coordinate research, conservation, education and outreach activities and the distribution of scarce conservation resources in SE Asia.
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Coleman, Joanna, Ascher, John S., Bickford, David P., Buchori, Damayanti, Cabanban, Annadel, Chisholm, Ryan A., Chong, Kwek Yan, Christie, Patrick, Clements, Gopalasamy R., dela Cruz, Thomas E. E., Dressler, Wolfram, Edwards, David P., Francis, Charles M., Friess, Dan A., Giam, Xingli, Gibson, Luke, Huang, Danwei, Hughes, Alice C., Jaafar, Zeehan, Koh, Lian Pin, Kudavidanage, Enoka P., Lee, Benjamin, Lee, Janice, Lee, Tien Ming, Leggett, Matt, Leimona, Beria, Linkie, Matthew, Luskin, Matthew, Lynam, Antony, Meijaard, Erik, Nijman, Vincent, Olsson, Annette, Page, Susan, Parolin, Pia, Peh, Kelvin S.-H., Posa, Mary Rose C., Prescott, Graham W., Rahman, Syed Ajijur, Ramchunder, Sorain J., Rao, Madhu, Reed, James, Richards, Daniel R., Slade, Eleanor, Steinmetz, Robert, Tan, Puay Yok, Todd, Peter A., Vo, Si Tuan, Webb, Edward L., Yee, A, Ziegler, Alan D. and Carrasco, L. Roman (2019) Top 100 questions for biodiversity conservation in Southeast Asia. Biological Conservation, 234, 211-220. (doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2019.03.028).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Southeast (SE) Asia holds high regional biodiversity and endemism levels but is also one of the world's most threatened regions. Local, regional and global threats could have severe consequences for the future survival of many species and the provision of ecosystem services.

In the face of myriad pressing environmental problems, we carried out a research prioritisation exercise involving 64 experts whose research relates to conservation biology and sustainability in SE Asia. Experts proposed the most pressing research questions which, if answered, would advance the goals of biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in SE Asia. We received a total of 333 questions through three rounds of elicitation, ranked them (by votes) following a workshop and grouped them into themes.

The top 100 questions depict SE Asia as a region where strong pressures on biodiversity interact in complex and poorly understood ways. They point to a lack of information about multiple facets of the environment, while exposing the many threats to biodiversity and human wellbeing. The themes that emerged indicate the need to evaluate specific drivers of biodiversity loss (wildlife harvesting, agricultural expansion, climate change, infrastructure development, pollution) and even to identify which species and habitats are most at risk. They also suggest the need to study the effectiveness of practice-based solutions (protected areas, ecological restoration), the human dimension (social interventions, organisational systems and processes and, the impacts of biodiversity loss and conservation interventions on people). Finally, they highlight gaps in fundamental knowledge of ecosystem function. These 100 questions should help prioritise and coordinate research, conservation, education and outreach activities and the distribution of scarce conservation resources in SE Asia.

Text
Coleman_et_al_2019_Biol_Conserv_Top_100_research_Qs_SE_Asia_final_MS - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 19 March 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 10 April 2019
Published date: June 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 430698
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/430698
ISSN: 0006-3207
PURE UUID: a5eb4fcc-3ebd-4453-b42f-8f8ab25f7b22
ORCID for Kelvin S.-H. Peh: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2921-1341

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 08 May 2019 16:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 05:51

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Contributors

Author: Joanna Coleman
Author: John S. Ascher
Author: David P. Bickford
Author: Damayanti Buchori
Author: Annadel Cabanban
Author: Ryan A. Chisholm
Author: Kwek Yan Chong
Author: Patrick Christie
Author: Gopalasamy R. Clements
Author: Thomas E. E. dela Cruz
Author: Wolfram Dressler
Author: David P. Edwards
Author: Charles M. Francis
Author: Dan A. Friess
Author: Xingli Giam
Author: Luke Gibson
Author: Danwei Huang
Author: Alice C. Hughes
Author: Zeehan Jaafar
Author: Lian Pin Koh
Author: Enoka P. Kudavidanage
Author: Benjamin Lee
Author: Janice Lee
Author: Tien Ming Lee
Author: Matt Leggett
Author: Beria Leimona
Author: Matthew Linkie
Author: Matthew Luskin
Author: Antony Lynam
Author: Erik Meijaard
Author: Vincent Nijman
Author: Annette Olsson
Author: Susan Page
Author: Pia Parolin
Author: Mary Rose C. Posa
Author: Graham W. Prescott
Author: Syed Ajijur Rahman
Author: Sorain J. Ramchunder
Author: Madhu Rao
Author: James Reed
Author: Daniel R. Richards
Author: Eleanor Slade
Author: Robert Steinmetz
Author: Puay Yok Tan
Author: Peter A. Todd
Author: Si Tuan Vo
Author: Edward L. Webb
Author: A Yee
Author: Alan D. Ziegler
Author: L. Roman Carrasco

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