The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Identity, threat and defiance: interpreting the “bulwark”, a 12th century lake building on Gotland, Sweden

Adams, Jonathan (2006) Identity, threat and defiance: interpreting the “bulwark”, a 12th century lake building on Gotland, Sweden Journal of Maritime Archaeology, 1, (2), pp. 170-190.

Record type: Article


“Bulverket” in Gotland has been one of Sweden’s longest standing archaeological mysteries since its purpose was first pondered by Oscar Montelius in 1868. For some, the enormous timber construction in the middle of the lake at Tingstäde was obviously military, but other suggestions spanned the entire social spectrum: a market place, a religious centre, a crusader barracks, a pirate base or even a prison. Whatever its function and meanings, the enterprise demanded a prodigious investment of labour and must represent someone or some group with considerable power and motivation. Yet soon after its construction it seems to have played out its role and been abandoned. The reasons are of course implicated in the fascinating structure itself but they also have to be sought in the wider context of contemporary Gotlandic society.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 1 October 2006
Organisations: Humanities, Archaeology


Local EPrints ID: 43080
ISSN: 1557-2285
PURE UUID: cf5b4fdf-ed77-464f-87f6-5a7c69d8ddd5

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 10 Jan 2007
Last modified: 04 Oct 2017 22:43

Export record

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.