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Holocene demographic fluctuations, climate and erosion in the Mediterranean: A meta data-analysis

Holocene demographic fluctuations, climate and erosion in the Mediterranean: A meta data-analysis
Holocene demographic fluctuations, climate and erosion in the Mediterranean: A meta data-analysis

As part of the Changing the Face of the Mediterranean Project, we consider how human pressure and concomitant erosion has affected a range of Mediterranean landscapes between the Neolithic and, in some cases, the post-medieval period. Part of this assessment comprises an investigation of relationships among palaeodemographic data, evidence for vegetation change and some consideration of rapid climate change events. The erosion data include recent or hitherto unpublished work from the authors. Where possible, we consider summed probabilities of 14 C dates as well as the first published synthesis of all known optically stimulated luminescence dated sequences. The results suggest that while there were some periods when erosion took place contemporaneously across a number of regions, possibly induced by climate changes, more often than not, we see a complex and heterogeneous interplay of demographic and environmental changes that result in a mixed pattern of erosional activity across the Mediterranean.

demography, erosion, geoarchaeology, Holocene, human impact, Mediterranean
0959-6836
864-885
Walsh, Kevin
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Berger, Jean François
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Roberts, C. Neil
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Vanniere, Boris
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Ghilardi, Matthieu
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Brown, Antony G.
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Woodbridge, Jessie
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Lespez, Laurent
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Estrany, Joan
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Glais, Arthur
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Palmisano, Alessio
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Finné, Martin
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Verstraeten, Gert
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Walsh, Kevin
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Berger, Jean François
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Roberts, C. Neil
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Vanniere, Boris
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Ghilardi, Matthieu
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Brown, Antony G.
c51f9d3e-02b0-47da-a483-41c354e78fab
Woodbridge, Jessie
ac1ab941-9e61-484d-b14c-d497cb7d2678
Lespez, Laurent
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Estrany, Joan
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Glais, Arthur
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Palmisano, Alessio
bc877626-a3f6-4bc4-ac4e-a097aa587eb7
Finné, Martin
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Verstraeten, Gert
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Walsh, Kevin, Berger, Jean François, Roberts, C. Neil, Vanniere, Boris, Ghilardi, Matthieu, Brown, Antony G., Woodbridge, Jessie, Lespez, Laurent, Estrany, Joan, Glais, Arthur, Palmisano, Alessio, Finné, Martin and Verstraeten, Gert (2019) Holocene demographic fluctuations, climate and erosion in the Mediterranean: A meta data-analysis. Holocene, 29 (5), 864-885. (doi:10.1177/0959683619826637).

Record type: Article

Abstract

As part of the Changing the Face of the Mediterranean Project, we consider how human pressure and concomitant erosion has affected a range of Mediterranean landscapes between the Neolithic and, in some cases, the post-medieval period. Part of this assessment comprises an investigation of relationships among palaeodemographic data, evidence for vegetation change and some consideration of rapid climate change events. The erosion data include recent or hitherto unpublished work from the authors. Where possible, we consider summed probabilities of 14 C dates as well as the first published synthesis of all known optically stimulated luminescence dated sequences. The results suggest that while there were some periods when erosion took place contemporaneously across a number of regions, possibly induced by climate changes, more often than not, we see a complex and heterogeneous interplay of demographic and environmental changes that result in a mixed pattern of erosional activity across the Mediterranean.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 19 October 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 14 February 2019
Published date: May 2019
Keywords: demography, erosion, geoarchaeology, Holocene, human impact, Mediterranean

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 430954
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/430954
ISSN: 0959-6836
PURE UUID: a351174c-b3b6-4a09-959d-5c6a13b916f8
ORCID for Antony G. Brown: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1990-4654

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 17 May 2019 16:30
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 01:53

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Contributors

Author: Kevin Walsh
Author: Jean François Berger
Author: C. Neil Roberts
Author: Boris Vanniere
Author: Matthieu Ghilardi
Author: Antony G. Brown ORCID iD
Author: Jessie Woodbridge
Author: Laurent Lespez
Author: Joan Estrany
Author: Arthur Glais
Author: Alessio Palmisano
Author: Martin Finné
Author: Gert Verstraeten

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