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The diversity of young adult wheeze: a cluster analysis in a longitudinal birth cohort

The diversity of young adult wheeze: a cluster analysis in a longitudinal birth cohort
The diversity of young adult wheeze: a cluster analysis in a longitudinal birth cohort

BACKGROUND: Cluster analyses have enhanced understanding of the heterogeneity of both paediatric and adult wheezing. However, while adolescence represents an important transitional phase, the nature of young adult wheeze has yet to be clearly characterised.

OBJECTIVES: To use cluster analysis to define, for the first time, clinically relevant young adult wheeze clusters in a longitudinal birth cohort.

METHODS: K-means cluster analysis was undertaken among 309 currently wheezing subjects at 18 years in the Isle of Wight birth cohort (N = 1456). Thirteen disease-characterising clustering variables at 18 years were used. Resulting clusters were then further characterised by severity indices plus potential risk factors for wheeze development throughout the 1st 18 years of life.

RESULTS: Six wheeze clusters were identified. Cluster 1 (12.3%) male-early-childhood-onset-atopic-wheeze-with-normal-lung-function had male predominance, normal spirometry, low bronchodilator reversibility (BDR), intermediate bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR), high atopy prevalence and more admissions. Cluster 2 (24.2%) early-childhood-onset-wheeze-with-intermediate-lung-function had no specific sex association, intermediate spirometry, BDR, BHR, more significant BTS step therapy and admissions. Cluster 3 (9.7%) female-early-childhood-onset-atopic-wheeze-with-impaired-lung-function showed female predominance, high allergic disease comorbidity, more severe BDR and BHR, greatest airflow obstruction, high smoking prevalence, higher symptom severity and admissions. Cluster 4 (19.4%) female-undiagnosed-wheezers had adolescent-onset non-atopic wheeze, low BDR and BHR, impaired but non-obstructed spirometry, high symptom frequency and highest smoking prevalence. Cluster 5 (24.6%) female-late-childhood-onset-wheeze-with-normal-lung-function showed no specific atopy association, normal spirometry, low BDR, BHR and symptom severity. Cluster 6 (9.7%) male-late-childhood-onset-atopic-wheeze-with-impaired-lung-function had high atopy and rhinitis prevalence, increased BDR and BHR, moderately impaired spirometry, high symptom severity and higher BTS step therapy.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Young adult wheeze is diverse and can be classified into distinct clusters. More severe clusters merit attention and are associated with childhood onset, atopy, impaired lung function and in some, smoking. Smoking-associated undiagnosed wheezers also merit recognition. Better understanding of young adult wheeze could facilitate better later adult respiratory health.

Adolescent, Age of Onset, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Infant, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Morbidity, Patient Outcome Assessment, Population Surveillance, Prevalence, Respiratory Sounds/diagnosis, Risk Factors
0954-7894
724-735
Kurukulaaratchy, R. J.
9c7b8105-2892-49f2-8775-54d4961e3e74
Zhang, H.
eb56337f-6c72-4d25-a3eb-2f945a02c212
Raza, A.
0bcd5946-167e-4e75-9eaf-906e980ee498
Patil, V.
b898b9a7-db31-4c1c-b0f0-4165b3e4d29c
Karmaus, W.
d78616d6-bc9c-4664-a461-7c0d0be5e39e
Ewart, S.
9da730b1-7e8a-4889-8dc5-2703de288a34
Arshad, S. H.
917e246d-2e60-472f-8d30-94b01ef28958
Kurukulaaratchy, R. J.
9c7b8105-2892-49f2-8775-54d4961e3e74
Zhang, H.
eb56337f-6c72-4d25-a3eb-2f945a02c212
Raza, A.
0bcd5946-167e-4e75-9eaf-906e980ee498
Patil, V.
b898b9a7-db31-4c1c-b0f0-4165b3e4d29c
Karmaus, W.
d78616d6-bc9c-4664-a461-7c0d0be5e39e
Ewart, S.
9da730b1-7e8a-4889-8dc5-2703de288a34
Arshad, S. H.
917e246d-2e60-472f-8d30-94b01ef28958

Kurukulaaratchy, R. J., Zhang, H., Raza, A., Patil, V., Karmaus, W., Ewart, S. and Arshad, S. H. (2014) The diversity of young adult wheeze: a cluster analysis in a longitudinal birth cohort. Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 44 (5), 724-735. (doi:10.1111/cea.12306).

Record type: Article

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cluster analyses have enhanced understanding of the heterogeneity of both paediatric and adult wheezing. However, while adolescence represents an important transitional phase, the nature of young adult wheeze has yet to be clearly characterised.

OBJECTIVES: To use cluster analysis to define, for the first time, clinically relevant young adult wheeze clusters in a longitudinal birth cohort.

METHODS: K-means cluster analysis was undertaken among 309 currently wheezing subjects at 18 years in the Isle of Wight birth cohort (N = 1456). Thirteen disease-characterising clustering variables at 18 years were used. Resulting clusters were then further characterised by severity indices plus potential risk factors for wheeze development throughout the 1st 18 years of life.

RESULTS: Six wheeze clusters were identified. Cluster 1 (12.3%) male-early-childhood-onset-atopic-wheeze-with-normal-lung-function had male predominance, normal spirometry, low bronchodilator reversibility (BDR), intermediate bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR), high atopy prevalence and more admissions. Cluster 2 (24.2%) early-childhood-onset-wheeze-with-intermediate-lung-function had no specific sex association, intermediate spirometry, BDR, BHR, more significant BTS step therapy and admissions. Cluster 3 (9.7%) female-early-childhood-onset-atopic-wheeze-with-impaired-lung-function showed female predominance, high allergic disease comorbidity, more severe BDR and BHR, greatest airflow obstruction, high smoking prevalence, higher symptom severity and admissions. Cluster 4 (19.4%) female-undiagnosed-wheezers had adolescent-onset non-atopic wheeze, low BDR and BHR, impaired but non-obstructed spirometry, high symptom frequency and highest smoking prevalence. Cluster 5 (24.6%) female-late-childhood-onset-wheeze-with-normal-lung-function showed no specific atopy association, normal spirometry, low BDR, BHR and symptom severity. Cluster 6 (9.7%) male-late-childhood-onset-atopic-wheeze-with-impaired-lung-function had high atopy and rhinitis prevalence, increased BDR and BHR, moderately impaired spirometry, high symptom severity and higher BTS step therapy.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Young adult wheeze is diverse and can be classified into distinct clusters. More severe clusters merit attention and are associated with childhood onset, atopy, impaired lung function and in some, smoking. Smoking-associated undiagnosed wheezers also merit recognition. Better understanding of young adult wheeze could facilitate better later adult respiratory health.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 27 January 2014
e-pub ahead of print date: 22 March 2014
Published date: May 2014
Additional Information: © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Keywords: Adolescent, Age of Onset, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Infant, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Morbidity, Patient Outcome Assessment, Population Surveillance, Prevalence, Respiratory Sounds/diagnosis, Risk Factors

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 431037
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/431037
ISSN: 0954-7894
PURE UUID: 42d21a01-cec7-48f8-8b64-7e490970a1ae

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Date deposited: 22 May 2019 16:30
Last modified: 22 May 2019 16:30

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