The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository
Warning ePrints Soton is experiencing an issue with some file downloads not being available. We are working hard to fix this. Please bear with us.

Normative data for handgrip strength in Saudi older adults visiting primary health care centers

Normative data for handgrip strength in Saudi older adults visiting primary health care centers
Normative data for handgrip strength in Saudi older adults visiting primary health care centers
Background and objective: handgrip strength (HGS) plays a vital role as a predictor of adverse health outcomes. Several studies have established HGS norms by age, sex, hand, occupation, culture or disability in different countries and for children in Saudi Arabia. However standardized values for Saudi older adults has not been reported yet. Therefore, the current study was aimed to establish normative data for HGS in Saudi older adults visiting primary health care centers (PHCCs). Material and Method: in this descriptive cross-sectional study, HGS in kilograms was measured using a hydraulic hand dynamometer in Saudi older adults (n=2045) aged ≥60 years 27 visiting 15 PHCCs selected randomly from the five geographical regions of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between January 2015 and April 2017. The average mean from three successive trials, standard deviations, and 95% confidence intervals presented for the left and right hands of men and women in six age groups (60–64, 65–69, 70–74, 75-79, 80-84, and 85+ years). The analyses were performedusing the ANOVA test for all the age groups and to determine whether any differences exist between them. Results: the average mean HGS was significantly (p<0.0001) differ by the left and right hands of men and women in six age groups. Discussion: The current study presents specific norms for HGS in Saudi older adults by age, sex, and hand. Further studies are required to examine the utility of these norms for prediction of morbidity and mortality in this population
1-9
Bindawas, Saad M.
be4e9186-19f1-4ef0-822b-213008a1811b
Vennu, Vishal
7619af34-124f-4163-8889-cb5e9ed31c25
Al-Orf, Saada M.
07bcb3e0-19fd-43fc-96e6-bd7dde92826f
Alshammari, Sulaiman A.
5af2039f-7bc8-4836-b297-21b616b04a3c
Al-Amoud, Maysoon M.
8cd87172-3415-4958-a67b-3d163a650de5
Calder, Philip
1797e54f-378e-4dcb-80a4-3e30018f07a6
Al-Muammar, May N.
1ad82350-b449-4de4-bc06-0b2186579247
Alhamdan, Adel A.
d34e7533-675e-4b1a-a0d5-c78c5275aaf3
Bindawas, Saad M.
be4e9186-19f1-4ef0-822b-213008a1811b
Vennu, Vishal
7619af34-124f-4163-8889-cb5e9ed31c25
Al-Orf, Saada M.
07bcb3e0-19fd-43fc-96e6-bd7dde92826f
Alshammari, Sulaiman A.
5af2039f-7bc8-4836-b297-21b616b04a3c
Al-Amoud, Maysoon M.
8cd87172-3415-4958-a67b-3d163a650de5
Calder, Philip
1797e54f-378e-4dcb-80a4-3e30018f07a6
Al-Muammar, May N.
1ad82350-b449-4de4-bc06-0b2186579247
Alhamdan, Adel A.
d34e7533-675e-4b1a-a0d5-c78c5275aaf3

Bindawas, Saad M., Vennu, Vishal, Al-Orf, Saada M., Alshammari, Sulaiman A., Al-Amoud, Maysoon M., Calder, Philip, Al-Muammar, May N. and Alhamdan, Adel A. (2019) Normative data for handgrip strength in Saudi older adults visiting primary health care centers. Medicina, 55 (6), 1-9, [E251]. (doi:10.3390/medicina55060251).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background and objective: handgrip strength (HGS) plays a vital role as a predictor of adverse health outcomes. Several studies have established HGS norms by age, sex, hand, occupation, culture or disability in different countries and for children in Saudi Arabia. However standardized values for Saudi older adults has not been reported yet. Therefore, the current study was aimed to establish normative data for HGS in Saudi older adults visiting primary health care centers (PHCCs). Material and Method: in this descriptive cross-sectional study, HGS in kilograms was measured using a hydraulic hand dynamometer in Saudi older adults (n=2045) aged ≥60 years 27 visiting 15 PHCCs selected randomly from the five geographical regions of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between January 2015 and April 2017. The average mean from three successive trials, standard deviations, and 95% confidence intervals presented for the left and right hands of men and women in six age groups (60–64, 65–69, 70–74, 75-79, 80-84, and 85+ years). The analyses were performedusing the ANOVA test for all the age groups and to determine whether any differences exist between them. Results: the average mean HGS was significantly (p<0.0001) differ by the left and right hands of men and women in six age groups. Discussion: The current study presents specific norms for HGS in Saudi older adults by age, sex, and hand. Further studies are required to examine the utility of these norms for prediction of morbidity and mortality in this population

Text
Medicina 2 - Accepted Manuscript
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (498kB)
Text
medicina-55-00251 - Version of Record
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (686kB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 28 May 2019
Published date: 6 June 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 431509
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/431509
PURE UUID: 6b900379-6852-4682-9c40-b3c4e2fb4397
ORCID for Philip Calder: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6038-710X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 06 Jun 2019 16:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 06:12

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Saad M. Bindawas
Author: Vishal Vennu
Author: Saada M. Al-Orf
Author: Sulaiman A. Alshammari
Author: Maysoon M. Al-Amoud
Author: Philip Calder ORCID iD
Author: May N. Al-Muammar
Author: Adel A. Alhamdan

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×