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Iridium and Ruthenium oxide miniature pH sensors: long-term performance

Iridium and Ruthenium oxide miniature pH sensors: long-term performance
Iridium and Ruthenium oxide miniature pH sensors: long-term performance
The characteristics of electrodeposited Iridium oxide films (EIROF), and Ruthenium oxide films (RUOF) under normal and annealed conditions have been investigated. RUOFs were sputter deposited onto a substrate whilst EIROF sensors were made by electrodeposition. The adhesion of the RUOF sensors was investigated on Platinum and Titanium surfaces. The electrical impedance of the two metal oxides was measured in PBS demonstrating that both films have up to a 100 fold higher electrical double layer capacitance than bright Platinum electrodes. The EIROF films show super-Nernstian response, but the formal potential shows a continuous drift with time of approximately 2 mV day-1, measured over 40 days. Both RUOF sensors show approximately Nernstian behaviour. Short term pH precision of the annealed RUOF falls within a confidence interval of ± 0.1 pH, and stability is maintained within a confidence of ± 0.24 pH for up to 147 days. The un-annealed RUOF maintains the same precision but only for 20 days. Compared to EIROF sensors, no drift correction is required for the annealed RUOF making this metal oxide suitable for long term measurements where re-calibration is not possible.
0925-4005
1-8
Mingels, R.H.G.
5aff76af-9298-44d6-9a58-a5279cf8c011
Kalsi, S.
e0477931-943e-4c92-ad9e-7299f528d648
Cheong, Y.
4efbba2a-3036-4dce-82f1-8b4017952c83
Morgan, H.
2f81b0ac-91f1-4c34-84bb-9804c20cc00e
Mingels, R.H.G.
5aff76af-9298-44d6-9a58-a5279cf8c011
Kalsi, S.
e0477931-943e-4c92-ad9e-7299f528d648
Cheong, Y.
4efbba2a-3036-4dce-82f1-8b4017952c83
Morgan, H.
2f81b0ac-91f1-4c34-84bb-9804c20cc00e

Mingels, R.H.G., Kalsi, S., Cheong, Y. and Morgan, H. (2019) Iridium and Ruthenium oxide miniature pH sensors: long-term performance. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 297, 1-8, [126779]. (doi:10.1016/j.snb.2019.126779).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The characteristics of electrodeposited Iridium oxide films (EIROF), and Ruthenium oxide films (RUOF) under normal and annealed conditions have been investigated. RUOFs were sputter deposited onto a substrate whilst EIROF sensors were made by electrodeposition. The adhesion of the RUOF sensors was investigated on Platinum and Titanium surfaces. The electrical impedance of the two metal oxides was measured in PBS demonstrating that both films have up to a 100 fold higher electrical double layer capacitance than bright Platinum electrodes. The EIROF films show super-Nernstian response, but the formal potential shows a continuous drift with time of approximately 2 mV day-1, measured over 40 days. Both RUOF sensors show approximately Nernstian behaviour. Short term pH precision of the annealed RUOF falls within a confidence interval of ± 0.1 pH, and stability is maintained within a confidence of ± 0.24 pH for up to 147 days. The un-annealed RUOF maintains the same precision but only for 20 days. Compared to EIROF sensors, no drift correction is required for the annealed RUOF making this metal oxide suitable for long term measurements where re-calibration is not possible.

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Accepted/In Press date: 4 July 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 5 July 2019
Published date: 15 October 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 432299
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/432299
ISSN: 0925-4005
PURE UUID: 85b0bf1f-e534-4790-9c25-dfa6ce52e96a
ORCID for Y. Cheong: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-7687-4597

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Date deposited: 09 Jul 2019 16:30
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 04:32

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