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Two-dimensional index modulation for the large-scale multi-user MIMO uplink

Two-dimensional index modulation for the large-scale multi-user MIMO uplink
Two-dimensional index modulation for the large-scale multi-user MIMO uplink
A novel compressed sensing-aided generalised space-frequency index modulation (CS-GSFIM) scheme is conceived for the large-scale multi-user multiple-input multiple-output uplink (LS-MU-MIMO-UL). Explicitly, the information bits are mapped both to the spatial- and frequency-domain indices, where we treat the activation patterns of the transmit antennas (TAs) and of the subcarriers separately. Specifically, our indexing strategy strikes a flexible trade-off between the throughput (Tp), performance and complexity. In order to further increase the system’s achievable rate, CS-aided pre-processing is applied to the subcarriers. An upper bound of the average bit error probability (ABEP) of the proposed system using the optimal maximum likelihood (ML) detector is derived, which is shown to be tight by our simulation results at moderate to high signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). Then we design a CS-aided reduced-complexity detector, namely the reduced search-space based iterative matching pursuit (RSS-IMP), which significantly reduces the detection complexity compared to the ML detection and makes the proposed design a feasible one for LS-MU scenarios. Furthermore, the simulation results presented in this paper demonstrate that the proposed RSS-IMP detector significantly reduces the detection complexity, while attaining better performances than both the conventional MU-MIMO-OFDM system using the ML detector and the proposed system using the minimum mean square error (MMSE) detector. We also characterise the performances of the proposed system in the presence of channel estimation errors. Our simulation results show that the proposed CS-GSFIM system is more robust to imperfect channel than the conventional MU-MIMO-OFDM system. In order to achieve a near-capacity performance, soft-input soft-output (SISO) decoders are designed for the proposed CS-GSFIM system using both the ML and the RSS-IMP multi-user detectors (MUDs) for detecting all users.
0018-9545
7904-7918
Lu, Siyao
464cf7cc-b469-450a-93c2-489a31d1289c
El-Hajjar, Mohammed
3a829028-a427-4123-b885-2bab81a44b6f
Hanzo, Lajos
66e7266f-3066-4fc0-8391-e000acce71a1
Lu, Siyao
464cf7cc-b469-450a-93c2-489a31d1289c
El-Hajjar, Mohammed
3a829028-a427-4123-b885-2bab81a44b6f
Hanzo, Lajos
66e7266f-3066-4fc0-8391-e000acce71a1

Lu, Siyao, El-Hajjar, Mohammed and Hanzo, Lajos (2019) Two-dimensional index modulation for the large-scale multi-user MIMO uplink. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 68 (8), 7904-7918. (doi:10.1109/TVT.2019.2926884).

Record type: Article

Abstract

A novel compressed sensing-aided generalised space-frequency index modulation (CS-GSFIM) scheme is conceived for the large-scale multi-user multiple-input multiple-output uplink (LS-MU-MIMO-UL). Explicitly, the information bits are mapped both to the spatial- and frequency-domain indices, where we treat the activation patterns of the transmit antennas (TAs) and of the subcarriers separately. Specifically, our indexing strategy strikes a flexible trade-off between the throughput (Tp), performance and complexity. In order to further increase the system’s achievable rate, CS-aided pre-processing is applied to the subcarriers. An upper bound of the average bit error probability (ABEP) of the proposed system using the optimal maximum likelihood (ML) detector is derived, which is shown to be tight by our simulation results at moderate to high signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). Then we design a CS-aided reduced-complexity detector, namely the reduced search-space based iterative matching pursuit (RSS-IMP), which significantly reduces the detection complexity compared to the ML detection and makes the proposed design a feasible one for LS-MU scenarios. Furthermore, the simulation results presented in this paper demonstrate that the proposed RSS-IMP detector significantly reduces the detection complexity, while attaining better performances than both the conventional MU-MIMO-OFDM system using the ML detector and the proposed system using the minimum mean square error (MMSE) detector. We also characterise the performances of the proposed system in the presence of channel estimation errors. Our simulation results show that the proposed CS-GSFIM system is more robust to imperfect channel than the conventional MU-MIMO-OFDM system. In order to achieve a near-capacity performance, soft-input soft-output (SISO) decoders are designed for the proposed CS-GSFIM system using both the ML and the RSS-IMP multi-user detectors (MUDs) for detecting all users.

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Accepted/In Press date: 2 July 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 4 July 2019
Published date: August 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 432312
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/432312
ISSN: 0018-9545
PURE UUID: 08d48207-ca22-483e-96f4-342f762d731a
ORCID for Siyao Lu: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5239-3964
ORCID for Mohammed El-Hajjar: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7987-1401
ORCID for Lajos Hanzo: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2636-5214

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Date deposited: 09 Jul 2019 16:30
Last modified: 18 Sep 2019 00:40

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