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Mortality salience increases personal optimism among individuals higher in trait self-control

Mortality salience increases personal optimism among individuals higher in trait self-control
Mortality salience increases personal optimism among individuals higher in trait self-control
Reminders of personal mortality may tune attention toward positive information. Insofar as attending to positive things in life helps individuals to cope with awareness of death, individuals with higher trait self-control may be particularly adept at positive tuning under mortality salience. To test this hypothesis, the current study had participants complete a measure of trait self-control, contemplate their mortality or a control topic, and then complete a measure of personal optimism. Mortality salience increased personal optimism, but only among participants higher in trait self-control. Taken together with past research the current results suggest that individuals higher in trait self-control draw upon diverse sources of positivity under mortality salience, which may help explain why they enjoy more positive outcomes in life.
0146-7239
926-931
Kelley, Nicholas
445e767b-ad9f-44f2-b2c6-d981482bb90b
Schmeichel, Brandon
c54e5895-85a2-4e4b-be96-93caa2b7d620
Kelley, Nicholas
445e767b-ad9f-44f2-b2c6-d981482bb90b
Schmeichel, Brandon
c54e5895-85a2-4e4b-be96-93caa2b7d620

Kelley, Nicholas and Schmeichel, Brandon (2015) Mortality salience increases personal optimism among individuals higher in trait self-control. Motivation and Emotion, 39 (6), 926-931. (doi:10.1007/s11031-015-9504-z).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Reminders of personal mortality may tune attention toward positive information. Insofar as attending to positive things in life helps individuals to cope with awareness of death, individuals with higher trait self-control may be particularly adept at positive tuning under mortality salience. To test this hypothesis, the current study had participants complete a measure of trait self-control, contemplate their mortality or a control topic, and then complete a measure of personal optimism. Mortality salience increased personal optimism, but only among participants higher in trait self-control. Taken together with past research the current results suggest that individuals higher in trait self-control draw upon diverse sources of positivity under mortality salience, which may help explain why they enjoy more positive outcomes in life.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 18 June 2015
Published date: 1 December 2015

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 432974
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/432974
ISSN: 0146-7239
PURE UUID: e3b67135-b087-4baf-8d82-332a7c482025

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Date deposited: 05 Aug 2019 16:30
Last modified: 05 Aug 2019 16:30

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