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Direct polarization measurement using a multiplexed Pancharatnam-Berry meta-hologram

Direct polarization measurement using a multiplexed Pancharatnam-Berry meta-hologram
Direct polarization measurement using a multiplexed Pancharatnam-Berry meta-hologram
Polarization, which represents the vector nature of electromagnetic waves, plays a fundamental role in optics. Fast, simple and broadband polarization state characterization is required by applications such as polarization communication, polarimetry and remote sensing. However, conventional polarization detection methods face great difficulty in determining the phase difference between orthogonal polarization states and often require a series of measurements. Here, we demonstrate how polarization-dependent holography enables direct polarization detection in a single measurement. Using a multiplexed Pancharatnam-Berry phase metasurface, we generate orthogonally polarized holograms that partially overlap with a spatially varying phase difference. Both amplitude and phase difference can be read from the holographic image in the circular polarization basis, facilitating the extraction of all Stokes parameters for polarized light. The meta-hologram detects polarization reliably at several near-infrared to visible wavelengths and simulations predict broadband operation in the 580–940 nm spectral range. This method enables fast and compact polarization analyzing devices, e.g. for spectroscopy, sensing and communications.
polarimeter, metamaterial, hologram
2334-2536
1190-1198
Zhang, Xueqian
94e50528-12a0-414a-b789-423815daa8e6
Yang, Shumin
ae029804-3ea1-4861-bc3c-a9041bf2f5de
Yue, Weisheng
531dd7d3-2ac1-4b17-bf63-0080929d3e86
Xu, Quan
b97a36eb-cace-496b-b45e-90cf42a110d8
Tian, Chunxiu
c2ccb596-bcda-4b45-84c4-4b0eb9b79ec1
Zhang, Xixiang
52c0bdb8-66af-410f-b91b-181400b2c5b4
Plum, Eric
50761a26-2982-40df-9153-7aecc4226eb5
Zhang, Shuang
0ebcf7da-6a1d-4404-afac-57ad52b940e0
Han, Jiaguang
4591e2ce-9804-45f2-907a-a915386b3922
Zhang, Weili
e7aadbd4-230f-4a39-8b06-9aaef4183de0
Zhang, Xueqian
94e50528-12a0-414a-b789-423815daa8e6
Yang, Shumin
ae029804-3ea1-4861-bc3c-a9041bf2f5de
Yue, Weisheng
531dd7d3-2ac1-4b17-bf63-0080929d3e86
Xu, Quan
b97a36eb-cace-496b-b45e-90cf42a110d8
Tian, Chunxiu
c2ccb596-bcda-4b45-84c4-4b0eb9b79ec1
Zhang, Xixiang
52c0bdb8-66af-410f-b91b-181400b2c5b4
Plum, Eric
50761a26-2982-40df-9153-7aecc4226eb5
Zhang, Shuang
0ebcf7da-6a1d-4404-afac-57ad52b940e0
Han, Jiaguang
4591e2ce-9804-45f2-907a-a915386b3922
Zhang, Weili
e7aadbd4-230f-4a39-8b06-9aaef4183de0

Zhang, Xueqian, Yang, Shumin, Yue, Weisheng, Xu, Quan, Tian, Chunxiu, Zhang, Xixiang, Plum, Eric, Zhang, Shuang, Han, Jiaguang and Zhang, Weili (2019) Direct polarization measurement using a multiplexed Pancharatnam-Berry meta-hologram. Optica, 6 (9), 1190-1198. (doi:10.1364/OPTICA.6.001190).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Polarization, which represents the vector nature of electromagnetic waves, plays a fundamental role in optics. Fast, simple and broadband polarization state characterization is required by applications such as polarization communication, polarimetry and remote sensing. However, conventional polarization detection methods face great difficulty in determining the phase difference between orthogonal polarization states and often require a series of measurements. Here, we demonstrate how polarization-dependent holography enables direct polarization detection in a single measurement. Using a multiplexed Pancharatnam-Berry phase metasurface, we generate orthogonally polarized holograms that partially overlap with a spatially varying phase difference. Both amplitude and phase difference can be read from the holographic image in the circular polarization basis, facilitating the extraction of all Stokes parameters for polarized light. The meta-hologram detects polarization reliably at several near-infrared to visible wavelengths and simulations predict broadband operation in the 580–940 nm spectral range. This method enables fast and compact polarization analyzing devices, e.g. for spectroscopy, sensing and communications.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 5 August 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 12 September 2019
Published date: September 2019
Keywords: polarimeter, metamaterial, hologram

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 433298
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/433298
ISSN: 2334-2536
PURE UUID: 293ad9f5-8b80-4ecc-a5da-9c7bcbaa4503
ORCID for Eric Plum: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1552-1840

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 13 Aug 2019 16:30
Last modified: 05 Aug 2020 04:01

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Contributors

Author: Xueqian Zhang
Author: Shumin Yang
Author: Weisheng Yue
Author: Quan Xu
Author: Chunxiu Tian
Author: Xixiang Zhang
Author: Eric Plum ORCID iD
Author: Shuang Zhang
Author: Jiaguang Han
Author: Weili Zhang

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