The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Tailored polydimethylsiloxane circuit encapsulation for washable and mechanically-deformable proximity and touch sensing electronic textiles for wearables and beyond

Tailored polydimethylsiloxane circuit encapsulation for washable and mechanically-deformable proximity and touch sensing electronic textiles for wearables and beyond
Tailored polydimethylsiloxane circuit encapsulation for washable and mechanically-deformable proximity and touch sensing electronic textiles for wearables and beyond
An ambition exists in literature for electronic textiles (e-textiles) to resemble traditional textiles in their usability, wearability, washability, and deformable attributes. To be worn and/or used frequently in other means, their benefits can be experienced. For this, a literature review concluded that flexible electronic circuits need to be packaged so they do not disturb the functionality, mechanical deformity, and usability of traditional textiles. Hence, they need to be hidden, unobtrusive, and protected from aqueous solutions. Therefore, by encapsulating sensing embedded circuits and integrating them among textile fibres to produce sensing textile yarns or sensing woven textiles, the electronics can be disguised. By selecting a flexible circuit substrate, electronics can retain their undetected state as the resulting electronic textile is folded, bent, or twisted whilst in use. This approach was taken as part of the EPSRC-funded project ‘Novel manufacturing methods for functional electronic textiles’. To add to the existing work, this Ph.D thesis describes the development of an e-textile system with a high level of electronic integration whereby a capacitive touch and proximity sensing circuit is integrated into the core of a knitted yarn sleeve and woven to form a channel within a fabric swatch – using today’s textile construction techniques. Consequently, the novelty of this work is the system of a proximity and touch sensing washable electronic textile which retains functionality after being submerged underwater for 6 months, can survive being washed in consumer washing machines with detergent and fabric conditioner; can survive over 10,000 cyclic twists and 50 cyclic bends. The system has off-the-shelf components, uses industrially available resources, materials, and processes to ensure industrial feasibility. The result is an experiment-verified washable, mechanically deformable flexible capacitive circuit that is compatible with the textile integration process to create novel etextile demonstrators. Additionally, novelty includes tailoring polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) to increase its hydrophobicity to water, detergent, and fabric conditioner for e-textile applications.
University of Southampton
Ojuroye, Olivia, Olamide
64591246-b373-4bad-83d7-8db7d7195209
Ojuroye, Olivia, Olamide
64591246-b373-4bad-83d7-8db7d7195209
Beeby, Stephen
ba565001-2812-4300-89f1-fe5a437ecb0d

Ojuroye, Olivia, Olamide (2019) Tailored polydimethylsiloxane circuit encapsulation for washable and mechanically-deformable proximity and touch sensing electronic textiles for wearables and beyond. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 225pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

An ambition exists in literature for electronic textiles (e-textiles) to resemble traditional textiles in their usability, wearability, washability, and deformable attributes. To be worn and/or used frequently in other means, their benefits can be experienced. For this, a literature review concluded that flexible electronic circuits need to be packaged so they do not disturb the functionality, mechanical deformity, and usability of traditional textiles. Hence, they need to be hidden, unobtrusive, and protected from aqueous solutions. Therefore, by encapsulating sensing embedded circuits and integrating them among textile fibres to produce sensing textile yarns or sensing woven textiles, the electronics can be disguised. By selecting a flexible circuit substrate, electronics can retain their undetected state as the resulting electronic textile is folded, bent, or twisted whilst in use. This approach was taken as part of the EPSRC-funded project ‘Novel manufacturing methods for functional electronic textiles’. To add to the existing work, this Ph.D thesis describes the development of an e-textile system with a high level of electronic integration whereby a capacitive touch and proximity sensing circuit is integrated into the core of a knitted yarn sleeve and woven to form a channel within a fabric swatch – using today’s textile construction techniques. Consequently, the novelty of this work is the system of a proximity and touch sensing washable electronic textile which retains functionality after being submerged underwater for 6 months, can survive being washed in consumer washing machines with detergent and fabric conditioner; can survive over 10,000 cyclic twists and 50 cyclic bends. The system has off-the-shelf components, uses industrially available resources, materials, and processes to ensure industrial feasibility. The result is an experiment-verified washable, mechanically deformable flexible capacitive circuit that is compatible with the textile integration process to create novel etextile demonstrators. Additionally, novelty includes tailoring polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) to increase its hydrophobicity to water, detergent, and fabric conditioner for e-textile applications.

Text
OliviaOlamideOjuroye_FinalPhDThesis_25344439 - Version of Record
Available under License University of Southampton Thesis Licence.
Download (6MB)

More information

Published date: May 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 433538
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/433538
PURE UUID: 40bb574d-0012-4596-8a77-2d905c205e13
ORCID for Stephen Beeby: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0800-1759

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 Aug 2019 16:30
Last modified: 28 Aug 2019 04:01

Export record

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×