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Toward the integrated marine debris observing system

Toward the integrated marine debris observing system
Toward the integrated marine debris observing system
Plastics and other artificial materials pose new risks to the health of the ocean. Anthropogenic debris travels across large distances and is ubiquitous in the water and on shorelines, yet, observations of its sources, composition, pathways, and distributions in the ocean are very sparse and inaccurate. Total amounts of plastics and other man-made debris in the ocean and on the shore, temporal trends in these amounts under exponentially increasing production, as well as degradation processes, vertical fluxes, and time scales are largely unknown. Present ocean circulation models are not able to accurately simulate drift of debris because of its complex hydrodynamics. In this paper we discuss the structure of the future integrated marine debris observing system (IMDOS) that is required to provide long-term monitoring of the state of this anthropogenic pollution and support operational activities to mitigate impacts on the ecosystem and on the safety of maritime activity. The proposed observing system integrates remote sensing and in situ observations. Also, models are used to optimize the design of the system and, in turn, they will be gradually improved using the products of the system. Remote sensing technologies will provide spatially coherent coverage and consistent surveying time series at local to global scale. Optical sensors, including high-resolution imaging, multi- and hyperspectral, fluorescence, and Raman technologies, as well as SAR will be used to measure different types of debris. They will be implemented in a variety of platforms, from hand-held tools to ship-, buoy-, aircraft-, and satellite-based sensors. A network of in situ observations, including reports from volunteers, citizen scientists and ships of opportunity, will be developed to provide data for calibration/validation of remote sensors and to monitor the spread of plastic pollution and other marine debris. IMDOS will interact with other observing systems monitoring physical, chemical, and biological processes in the ocean and on shorelines as well as the state of the ecosystem, maritime activities and safety, drift of sea ice, etc. The synthesized data will support innovative multi-disciplinary research and serve a diverse community of users.
2296-7745
1-25
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Maximenko, Nikolai
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Corradi, Paolo
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Van Sebille, Erik
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Lampitt, Richard Stephen
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Galgani, Francois
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Martinez-vicente, Victor
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Addamo, Anna Maria
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Maximenko, Nikolai, Corradi, Paolo, Law, Kara Lavender, Van Sebille, Erik, Garaba, Shungudzemwoyo P., Lampitt, Richard Stephen, Galgani, Francois, Martinez-vicente, Victor, Goddijn-murphy, Lonneke, Veiga, Joana Mira, Thompson, Richard C., Maes, Christophe, Moller, Delwyn, Löscher, Carolin Regina, Addamo, Anna Maria, Lamson, Megan R., Centurioni, Luca R., Posth, Nicole R., Lumpkin, Rick, Vinci, Matteo, Martins, Ana Maria, Pieper, Catharina Diogo, Isobe, Atsuhiko, Hanke, Georg, Edwards, Margo, Chubarenko, Irina P., Rodriguez, Ernesto, Aliani, Stefano, Arias, Manuel, Asner, Gregory P., Brosich, Alberto, Carlton, James T., Chao, Yi, Cook, Anna-marie, Cundy, Andrew B., Galloway, Tamara S., Giorgetti, Alessandra, Goni, Gustavo Jorge, Guichoux, Yann, Haram, Linsey E., Hardesty, Britta Denise, Holdsworth, Neil, Lebreton, Laurent, Leslie, Heather A., Macadam-somer, Ilan, Mace, Thomas, Manuel, Mark, Marsh, Robert, Martinez, Elodie, Mayor, Daniel J., Le Moigne, Morgan, Molina Jack, Maria Eugenia, Mowlem, Matt Charles, Obbard, Rachel W., Pabortsava, Katsiaryna, Robberson, Bill, Rotaru, Amelia-elena, Ruiz, Gregory M., Spedicato, Maria Teresa, Thiel, Martin, Turra, Alexander and Wilcox, Chris (2019) Toward the integrated marine debris observing system. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 1-25. (doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00447).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Plastics and other artificial materials pose new risks to the health of the ocean. Anthropogenic debris travels across large distances and is ubiquitous in the water and on shorelines, yet, observations of its sources, composition, pathways, and distributions in the ocean are very sparse and inaccurate. Total amounts of plastics and other man-made debris in the ocean and on the shore, temporal trends in these amounts under exponentially increasing production, as well as degradation processes, vertical fluxes, and time scales are largely unknown. Present ocean circulation models are not able to accurately simulate drift of debris because of its complex hydrodynamics. In this paper we discuss the structure of the future integrated marine debris observing system (IMDOS) that is required to provide long-term monitoring of the state of this anthropogenic pollution and support operational activities to mitigate impacts on the ecosystem and on the safety of maritime activity. The proposed observing system integrates remote sensing and in situ observations. Also, models are used to optimize the design of the system and, in turn, they will be gradually improved using the products of the system. Remote sensing technologies will provide spatially coherent coverage and consistent surveying time series at local to global scale. Optical sensors, including high-resolution imaging, multi- and hyperspectral, fluorescence, and Raman technologies, as well as SAR will be used to measure different types of debris. They will be implemented in a variety of platforms, from hand-held tools to ship-, buoy-, aircraft-, and satellite-based sensors. A network of in situ observations, including reports from volunteers, citizen scientists and ships of opportunity, will be developed to provide data for calibration/validation of remote sensors and to monitor the spread of plastic pollution and other marine debris. IMDOS will interact with other observing systems monitoring physical, chemical, and biological processes in the ocean and on shorelines as well as the state of the ecosystem, maritime activities and safety, drift of sea ice, etc. The synthesized data will support innovative multi-disciplinary research and serve a diverse community of users.

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fmars-06-00447 - Version of Record
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Accepted/In Press date: 5 July 2019
Published date: 28 August 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 433652
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/433652
ISSN: 2296-7745
PURE UUID: c4388835-cc90-4c96-a613-2527b07a26c3
ORCID for Andrew B. Cundy: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4368-2569

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Date deposited: 29 Aug 2019 16:30
Last modified: 10 Dec 2019 01:33

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Contributors

Author: Nikolai Maximenko
Author: Paolo Corradi
Author: Kara Lavender Law
Author: Erik Van Sebille
Author: Shungudzemwoyo P. Garaba
Author: Richard Stephen Lampitt
Author: Francois Galgani
Author: Victor Martinez-vicente
Author: Lonneke Goddijn-murphy
Author: Joana Mira Veiga
Author: Richard C. Thompson
Author: Christophe Maes
Author: Delwyn Moller
Author: Carolin Regina Löscher
Author: Anna Maria Addamo
Author: Megan R. Lamson
Author: Luca R. Centurioni
Author: Nicole R. Posth
Author: Rick Lumpkin
Author: Matteo Vinci
Author: Ana Maria Martins
Author: Catharina Diogo Pieper
Author: Atsuhiko Isobe
Author: Georg Hanke
Author: Margo Edwards
Author: Irina P. Chubarenko
Author: Ernesto Rodriguez
Author: Stefano Aliani
Author: Manuel Arias
Author: Gregory P. Asner
Author: Alberto Brosich
Author: James T. Carlton
Author: Yi Chao
Author: Anna-marie Cook
Author: Andrew B. Cundy ORCID iD
Author: Tamara S. Galloway
Author: Alessandra Giorgetti
Author: Gustavo Jorge Goni
Author: Yann Guichoux
Author: Linsey E. Haram
Author: Britta Denise Hardesty
Author: Neil Holdsworth
Author: Laurent Lebreton
Author: Heather A. Leslie
Author: Ilan Macadam-somer
Author: Thomas Mace
Author: Mark Manuel
Author: Robert Marsh
Author: Elodie Martinez
Author: Daniel J. Mayor
Author: Morgan Le Moigne
Author: Maria Eugenia Molina Jack
Author: Matt Charles Mowlem
Author: Rachel W. Obbard
Author: Katsiaryna Pabortsava
Author: Bill Robberson
Author: Amelia-elena Rotaru
Author: Gregory M. Ruiz
Author: Maria Teresa Spedicato
Author: Martin Thiel
Author: Alexander Turra
Author: Chris Wilcox

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