Wilson, Hanna K. and Lutman, Mark E.
Mechanisms of generation of the 2f2-f1 distortion product otoacoustic emission in humans
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120, (4), . (doi:10.1121/1.2335421).
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The 2f1–f2 distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) is considered to consist of two components in normally hearing ears, one having constant phase with changing DP frequency (wave fixed) and one having an increasing phase lag with increasing frequency (place fixed). The aim was to identify the wave-fixed and place-fixed components of both 2f1–f2 and 2f2–f1 DPs, and, in particular, to show whether a wave-fixed 2f2–f1 DP exists in normally hearing adults. DPOAE recordings were made in 20 ears of normally hearing young adults. Four frequency ratios were used and recording entailed fixed frequency-ratio sweeps. A separation into wave-fixed and place-fixed components was carried out using a time-window separation method. A method for estimating the noise floor after data processing was developed. Results confirmed the presence of wave-fixed and place-fixed components for 2f1–f2, consistent with previous studies. Both components were also present for 2f2–f1 in virtually all subjects. This latter finding conflicts with current models of DPOAE generation, and so a modified model is proposed. Unlike the 2f1–f2 emission, which has a wave-fixed component that is strongly dependent on the frequency ratio, neither component of the 2f2–f1 emission showed such a dependence. The proposed model explains these findings in terms of the overlap of the primary frequency traveling waves.
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