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Global observational needs and resources for marine biodiversity

Global observational needs and resources for marine biodiversity
Global observational needs and resources for marine biodiversity
The diversity of life in the sea is critical to the health of ocean ecosystems that support living resources and therefore essential to the economic, nutritional, recreational, and health needs of billions of people. Yet there is evidence that the biodiversity of many marine habitats is being altered in response to a changing climate and human activity. Understanding this change, and forecasting where changes are likely to occur, requires monitoring of organism diversity, distribution, abundance, and health. It requires a minimum of measurements including productivity and ecosystem function, species composition, allelic diversity, and genetic expression. These observations need to be complemented with metrics of environmental change and socio-economic drivers. However, existing global ocean observing infrastructure and programs often do not explicitly consider observations of marine biodiversity and associated processes. Much effort has focused on physical, chemical and some biogeochemical measurements. Broad partnerships, shared approaches, and best practices are now being organized to implement an integrated observing system that serves information to resource managers and decision-makers, scientists and educators, from local to global scales. This integrated observing system of ocean life is now possible due to recent developments among satellite, airborne, and in situ sensors in conjunction with increases in information system capability and capacity, along with an improved understanding of marine processes represented in new physical, biogeochemical, and biological models.
2296-7745
Canonico, Gabrielle
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Muller-Karger, Frank E.
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Benson, Abigail
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Costello, Mark
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Brandt, Angelika
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Goodwin, Kelly D.
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Iken, Katrin
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Marques, Antonio C.
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Miloslavich, Patricia
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Cuadrado, Mar Sacau
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Murton, Bramley
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Canonico, Gabrielle
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Montes, Enrique
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Bodrossy, Levente
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Marques, Antonio C.
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Ostrowski, Martin
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Turner, Woody
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Defeo, Omar
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Bigatti, Gregorio
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Henry, Lea-Anne
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Ramiro-Sánchez, Berta
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Durán, Pablo
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Morato, Telmo
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Roberts, J. Murray
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García-Alegre, Ana
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Cuadrado, Mar Sacau
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Murton, Bramley
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Canonico, Gabrielle, Buttigieg, Pier Luigi, Montes, Enrique, Muller-Karger, Frank E., Stepien, Carol, Wright, Dawn, Benson, Abigail, Helmuth, Brian, Costello, Mark, Sousa-Pinto, Isabel, Saeedi, Hanieh, Newton, Jan, Appeltans, Ward, Bednaršek, Nina, Bodrossy, Levente, Best, Benjamin D., Brandt, Angelika, Goodwin, Kelly D., Iken, Katrin, Marques, Antonio C., Miloslavich, Patricia, Ostrowski, Martin, Turner, Woody, Achterberg, Eric P., Barry, Tom, Defeo, Omar, Bigatti, Gregorio, Henry, Lea-Anne, Ramiro-Sánchez, Berta, Durán, Pablo, Morato, Telmo, Roberts, J. Murray, García-Alegre, Ana, Cuadrado, Mar Sacau and Murton, Bramley (2019) Global observational needs and resources for marine biodiversity. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6. (doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00367).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The diversity of life in the sea is critical to the health of ocean ecosystems that support living resources and therefore essential to the economic, nutritional, recreational, and health needs of billions of people. Yet there is evidence that the biodiversity of many marine habitats is being altered in response to a changing climate and human activity. Understanding this change, and forecasting where changes are likely to occur, requires monitoring of organism diversity, distribution, abundance, and health. It requires a minimum of measurements including productivity and ecosystem function, species composition, allelic diversity, and genetic expression. These observations need to be complemented with metrics of environmental change and socio-economic drivers. However, existing global ocean observing infrastructure and programs often do not explicitly consider observations of marine biodiversity and associated processes. Much effort has focused on physical, chemical and some biogeochemical measurements. Broad partnerships, shared approaches, and best practices are now being organized to implement an integrated observing system that serves information to resource managers and decision-makers, scientists and educators, from local to global scales. This integrated observing system of ocean life is now possible due to recent developments among satellite, airborne, and in situ sensors in conjunction with increases in information system capability and capacity, along with an improved understanding of marine processes represented in new physical, biogeochemical, and biological models.

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Accepted/In Press date: 13 June 2019
Published date: 23 July 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 433685
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/433685
ISSN: 2296-7745
PURE UUID: 39bb6793-02c8-4594-a9d7-ce1a4eadc700

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Date deposited: 30 Aug 2019 16:30
Last modified: 09 Dec 2019 17:32

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Contributors

Author: Gabrielle Canonico
Author: Pier Luigi Buttigieg
Author: Enrique Montes
Author: Frank E. Muller-Karger
Author: Carol Stepien
Author: Dawn Wright
Author: Abigail Benson
Author: Brian Helmuth
Author: Mark Costello
Author: Isabel Sousa-Pinto
Author: Hanieh Saeedi
Author: Jan Newton
Author: Ward Appeltans
Author: Nina Bednaršek
Author: Levente Bodrossy
Author: Benjamin D. Best
Author: Angelika Brandt
Author: Kelly D. Goodwin
Author: Katrin Iken
Author: Antonio C. Marques
Author: Patricia Miloslavich
Author: Martin Ostrowski
Author: Woody Turner
Author: Tom Barry
Author: Omar Defeo
Author: Gregorio Bigatti
Author: Lea-Anne Henry
Author: Berta Ramiro-Sánchez
Author: Pablo Durán
Author: Telmo Morato
Author: J. Murray Roberts
Author: Ana García-Alegre
Author: Mar Sacau Cuadrado
Author: Bramley Murton

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