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Numerical evaluation of prestressed steel-concrete composite girders with external FRP or steel tendons

Numerical evaluation of prestressed steel-concrete composite girders with external FRP or steel tendons
Numerical evaluation of prestressed steel-concrete composite girders with external FRP or steel tendons

The use of external FRP tendons instead of steel ones for prestressing steel-concrete composite girders is evaluated. A nonlinear model for prestressed steel-concrete composite (PSCC) girders is calibrated against experimental results. Numerical simulations are then performed on singe-span and two-span PSCC girders. The investigated variables are the tendon type and the prestress level. In particular, CFRP, AFRP and conventional prestressing steel tendons are compared for prestress levels ranging from 0 to 60%. The results demonstrate that the behavior of PSCC girders with CFRP and steel tendons is similar, while AFRP tendons result in lower ultimate load and higher deformation capacity. In addition, the influence of prestress level on the moment at the center support of continuous PSCC girders is marginal due to the presence of secondary moments. The study also shows that the influence of secondary moments on moment redistribution is less pronounced in PSCC girders with AFRP tendons than in PSCC girders with CFRP or steel tendons.

Behavior, Composite girder, FRP tendon, Prestress level
0143-974X
Lou, Tiejiong
2d99cbfa-37a0-49c3-a033-38e1dd580ab6
Karavasilis, Theodore L.
15850eb0-6af4-4b6e-bab4-d5bde281b769
Lou, Tiejiong
2d99cbfa-37a0-49c3-a033-38e1dd580ab6
Karavasilis, Theodore L.
15850eb0-6af4-4b6e-bab4-d5bde281b769

Lou, Tiejiong and Karavasilis, Theodore L. (2019) Numerical evaluation of prestressed steel-concrete composite girders with external FRP or steel tendons. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 162. (doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2019.105698).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The use of external FRP tendons instead of steel ones for prestressing steel-concrete composite girders is evaluated. A nonlinear model for prestressed steel-concrete composite (PSCC) girders is calibrated against experimental results. Numerical simulations are then performed on singe-span and two-span PSCC girders. The investigated variables are the tendon type and the prestress level. In particular, CFRP, AFRP and conventional prestressing steel tendons are compared for prestress levels ranging from 0 to 60%. The results demonstrate that the behavior of PSCC girders with CFRP and steel tendons is similar, while AFRP tendons result in lower ultimate load and higher deformation capacity. In addition, the influence of prestress level on the moment at the center support of continuous PSCC girders is marginal due to the presence of secondary moments. The study also shows that the influence of secondary moments on moment redistribution is less pronounced in PSCC girders with AFRP tendons than in PSCC girders with CFRP or steel tendons.

Text
JCSR_2019_53_Accepted - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 13 July 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 24 July 2019
Published date: 1 November 2019
Keywords: Behavior, Composite girder, FRP tendon, Prestress level

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 433725
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/433725
ISSN: 0143-974X
PURE UUID: da0af310-4146-4735-bb58-7192e3718d37
ORCID for Tiejiong Lou: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9150-1203
ORCID for Theodore L. Karavasilis: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2553-5389

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 02 Sep 2019 16:30
Last modified: 02 Nov 2019 01:24

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