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Leading edge profiles for the reductions of aerofoil interaction noise

Leading edge profiles for the reductions of aerofoil interaction noise
Leading edge profiles for the reductions of aerofoil interaction noise
Aerofoils operating in a turbulent floware an efficient source of noise radiation by scattering vorticity into sound at the leading edge. Much work has been undertaken demonstrating the effectiveness by which serrations, or undulations, introduced onto the leading edge, can substantially reduce broadband leading edge interaction noise. However, most of this work is focused on sinusoidal leading edge serration profiles. In this paper, a family of serration profiles are proposed that are capable of providing significantly greater noise reductions than single-wavelength serrations at optimal conditions. This new family of profiles will be shown to reduce interaction noise through a fundamentally different noise reduction mechanism than conventional single-wavelength profiles. Unlike single-wavelength profiles, which produce a single compact dominant source region per serration wavelength, these new profiles are designed to produce two or more dominant compact sources per serration wavelength of roughly the same source strength, that are separated in the streamwise direction. Since these sources are arranged to be closer together than the turbulence length-scale, they are highly coherent and, at certain frequencies, radiate exactly 180º out of phase leading to very high levels of noise reduction in the far field. The experimental noise reduction spectra are compared against an analytic model obtained as a solution of the acoustic wave equation using the Wiener-Hopf technique. These are shown to be unable to capture the main features of the noise reduction spectra. A simple model has therefore been developed to explain the noise reduction mechanism for these new profiles, based on interference between a sources distributed along the leading edge. Good qualitative agreement is obtained with the experimental results.
0001-1452
Paruchuri, Chaitanya
5c1def64-6347-4be3-ac2d-b9f6a314b81d
Joseph, Phillip
9c30491e-8464-4c9a-8723-2abc62bdf75d
Ayton, Lorna
4cbc7904-56ac-48a8-a997-932d6aa2899f
Paruchuri, Chaitanya
5c1def64-6347-4be3-ac2d-b9f6a314b81d
Joseph, Phillip
9c30491e-8464-4c9a-8723-2abc62bdf75d
Ayton, Lorna
4cbc7904-56ac-48a8-a997-932d6aa2899f

Paruchuri, Chaitanya, Joseph, Phillip and Ayton, Lorna (2019) Leading edge profiles for the reductions of aerofoil interaction noise. AIAA Journal. (doi:10.2514/1.J058456).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Aerofoils operating in a turbulent floware an efficient source of noise radiation by scattering vorticity into sound at the leading edge. Much work has been undertaken demonstrating the effectiveness by which serrations, or undulations, introduced onto the leading edge, can substantially reduce broadband leading edge interaction noise. However, most of this work is focused on sinusoidal leading edge serration profiles. In this paper, a family of serration profiles are proposed that are capable of providing significantly greater noise reductions than single-wavelength serrations at optimal conditions. This new family of profiles will be shown to reduce interaction noise through a fundamentally different noise reduction mechanism than conventional single-wavelength profiles. Unlike single-wavelength profiles, which produce a single compact dominant source region per serration wavelength, these new profiles are designed to produce two or more dominant compact sources per serration wavelength of roughly the same source strength, that are separated in the streamwise direction. Since these sources are arranged to be closer together than the turbulence length-scale, they are highly coherent and, at certain frequencies, radiate exactly 180º out of phase leading to very high levels of noise reduction in the far field. The experimental noise reduction spectra are compared against an analytic model obtained as a solution of the acoustic wave equation using the Wiener-Hopf technique. These are shown to be unable to capture the main features of the noise reduction spectra. A simple model has therefore been developed to explain the noise reduction mechanism for these new profiles, based on interference between a sources distributed along the leading edge. Good qualitative agreement is obtained with the experimental results.

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Submitted date: 2019
Accepted/In Press date: 22 September 2019
Published date: October 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 433811
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/433811
ISSN: 0001-1452
PURE UUID: db4ea443-a394-4e26-9395-64a882b04f1e

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Date deposited: 04 Sep 2019 16:30
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 00:04

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