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Pakistan’s water apportionment accord of 1991: 25 years and beyond

Pakistan’s water apportionment accord of 1991: 25 years and beyond
Pakistan’s water apportionment accord of 1991: 25 years and beyond
The apportionment of waters of the Indus River System between the provinces of Pakistan is widely hailed as a historic agreement. This agreement (herein referred to as the Accord) was signed into effect in 1991, just over 25 years ago. The Accord lacks a clearly stated objective and hence it is difficult to review the Accord against its objective. This paper presents a detailed thematic review of the Accord and interprets the literature and data sets that have become available over the last 25 years. Although the Accord leaves room for interpretation, which is often biased to a particular perspective, an obvious starting point that has been highlighted in the literature is to improve water accounting in the Indus basin and to clarify and document the Operating Rules. Over the next 25 years, demographic change, socioeconomic change, and climate change in the Indus Basin will place this Accord under increased scrutiny.

0733-9496
1-13
Anwar, Arif
e9a57bb7-5225-45e6-9a69-2396a6e4fd31
Bhatti, Muhammad Tousif
7ecaca1b-c3b1-48d0-a284-1d547cf9a623
Anwar, Arif
e9a57bb7-5225-45e6-9a69-2396a6e4fd31
Bhatti, Muhammad Tousif
7ecaca1b-c3b1-48d0-a284-1d547cf9a623

Anwar, Arif and Bhatti, Muhammad Tousif (2017) Pakistan’s water apportionment accord of 1991: 25 years and beyond. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 1-13, [05017015]. (doi:10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0000831).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The apportionment of waters of the Indus River System between the provinces of Pakistan is widely hailed as a historic agreement. This agreement (herein referred to as the Accord) was signed into effect in 1991, just over 25 years ago. The Accord lacks a clearly stated objective and hence it is difficult to review the Accord against its objective. This paper presents a detailed thematic review of the Accord and interprets the literature and data sets that have become available over the last 25 years. Although the Accord leaves room for interpretation, which is often biased to a particular perspective, an obvious starting point that has been highlighted in the literature is to improve water accounting in the Indus basin and to clarify and document the Operating Rules. Over the next 25 years, demographic change, socioeconomic change, and climate change in the Indus Basin will place this Accord under increased scrutiny.

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Pakistan Water apportionment accord of 1991. - Version of Record
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 27 April 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 24 October 2017

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 433870
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/433870
ISSN: 0733-9496
PURE UUID: a41a79bc-d218-4f76-8bc2-4715ed89a643
ORCID for Arif Anwar: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3071-3197

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Sep 2019 16:30
Last modified: 17 Dec 2019 01:57

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