The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

The measurement and definition of self-esteem: Meta-research and a new way forward

The measurement and definition of self-esteem: Meta-research and a new way forward
The measurement and definition of self-esteem: Meta-research and a new way forward
Self-esteem is a central research topic in psychology, but its measurement and definition have long been contentious topics. In this four-paper thesis, I investigate (1) the measurement of self-esteem in personality and social psychology, (2) the definition of self-esteem in personality and social psychology, (3) further explore the dimensionality of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965), and (4) construct and initially validate a new two-item self-esteem scale.

The first two papers of this thesis are meta-research. In the first paper, I extract detailed measurement information from 371 recently published research articles. I find that the RSES dominates the measurement of self-esteem in personality and social psychology. In the second paper, I analyse 117 definitions of self-esteem extracted from the same corpus of articles. I find that, while there is a lack of consensus on the definition of self-esteem, researchers most often define self-esteem narrowly as one’s overall evaluation of his or her worth and/or value—a definition that is narrower than that which guided the construction of the RSES. In the third paper, to extend the research on its dimensionality, I recount, for the first time, the RSES’s largely unknown transformation from a Guttman-type to Likert-type scale and explore item-level associations with variables theoretically linked to self-esteem. I find that the items of the RSES are heterogeneously correlated with perceptions of agency, communion, social status, inclusion, dominance, submission, agreeableness and quarrelsomeness; but not attachment anxiety or avoidance. In the fourth paper, with the problems of the RSES in mind, I report on the development and initial validation of a new self-esteem scale—the Worth and Value Self-Esteem Scale (WAVSES). This two-item scale is intended, above all, to be maximally content valid for self-esteem as it is narrowly defined in contemporary personality and social psychology.
University of Southampton
Pegler, Adam
041b72f3-89b2-4272-8720-65dfbb41d181
Pegler, Adam
041b72f3-89b2-4272-8720-65dfbb41d181
Gregg, Aiden
1b03bb58-b3a5-4852-a177-29e4f633b063
Hart, Claire
e3db9c72-f493-439c-a358-b3b482d55103

Pegler, Adam (2018) The measurement and definition of self-esteem: Meta-research and a new way forward. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 467pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

Self-esteem is a central research topic in psychology, but its measurement and definition have long been contentious topics. In this four-paper thesis, I investigate (1) the measurement of self-esteem in personality and social psychology, (2) the definition of self-esteem in personality and social psychology, (3) further explore the dimensionality of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965), and (4) construct and initially validate a new two-item self-esteem scale.

The first two papers of this thesis are meta-research. In the first paper, I extract detailed measurement information from 371 recently published research articles. I find that the RSES dominates the measurement of self-esteem in personality and social psychology. In the second paper, I analyse 117 definitions of self-esteem extracted from the same corpus of articles. I find that, while there is a lack of consensus on the definition of self-esteem, researchers most often define self-esteem narrowly as one’s overall evaluation of his or her worth and/or value—a definition that is narrower than that which guided the construction of the RSES. In the third paper, to extend the research on its dimensionality, I recount, for the first time, the RSES’s largely unknown transformation from a Guttman-type to Likert-type scale and explore item-level associations with variables theoretically linked to self-esteem. I find that the items of the RSES are heterogeneously correlated with perceptions of agency, communion, social status, inclusion, dominance, submission, agreeableness and quarrelsomeness; but not attachment anxiety or avoidance. In the fourth paper, with the problems of the RSES in mind, I report on the development and initial validation of a new self-esteem scale—the Worth and Value Self-Esteem Scale (WAVSES). This two-item scale is intended, above all, to be maximally content valid for self-esteem as it is narrowly defined in contemporary personality and social psychology.

Text
Final thesis 2 volums - Version of Record
Available under License University of Southampton Thesis Licence.
Download (3MB)

More information

Published date: September 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 433872
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/433872
PURE UUID: b7d5dfe1-bdf4-4b22-afe1-151fd2e070e2

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Sep 2019 16:30
Last modified: 05 Sep 2019 16:30

Export record

Contributors

Author: Adam Pegler
Thesis advisor: Aiden Gregg
Thesis advisor: Claire Hart

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×