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Kinematic study of the association Cyg OB3 with Gaia DR2

Kinematic study of the association Cyg OB3 with Gaia DR2
Kinematic study of the association Cyg OB3 with Gaia DR2
We study the stellar kinematic properties and spatial distribution of the association Cyg OB3 with the most precise and accurate astrometric solution available so far with $Gaia$ DR2. All known O- and B-type stars in the Cyg OB3 region with 5-parameter astrometric solutions are considered in the sample, which consists of a total of 45 stars. The majority of the stars are found to be concentrated at a heliocentric distance of about 2 kpc. The corresponding standard deviation is 0.57 kpc, significantly higher than the expected physical dimension of the association along the line of sight. The mean peculiar velocity of the sample after removing Galactic rotation and solar motion is ~20 km/s, dominated by the velocity component towards the Galactic center. The relative position and velocity of the black hole X-ray binary Cyg X-1 with respect to the association suggest that Cyg OB3 is most likely its parent association. The peculiar kinematic properties of some of the stars are revealed and are suggestive of past stellar encounters. HD 225577 is one of the stars exhibiting the lower value of proper motion than the rest of the sample and moving with a peculiar velocity smaller than its velocity relative to the association. The high peculiar velocity of ~50 km/s of a previously known runaway star HD 227018 is confirmed with Gaia. The slowly expanding nature of the association is supported by the small relative speeds <20 km/s with respect to the association for a majority of the sample stars.
astro-ph.SR, astro-ph.GA, astro-ph.HE
0035-8711
Rao, Anjali
3a3aa402-cf58-4724-9e63-fe9fdc6f39a6
Gandhi, Poshak
5bc3b5af-42b0-4dd8-8f1f-f74048d4d4a9
Knigge, Christian
ac320eec-631a-426e-b2db-717c8bf7857e
Paice, John A.
0ccafe5a-82d8-40bf-8b73-f71a841ac550
Leigh, Nathan W. C.
604a323d-0891-471a-a450-48bef3e9fd71
Boubert, Douglas
ea27f3cf-54fd-438a-9f66-7d240d5f27b8
Rao, Anjali
3a3aa402-cf58-4724-9e63-fe9fdc6f39a6
Gandhi, Poshak
5bc3b5af-42b0-4dd8-8f1f-f74048d4d4a9
Knigge, Christian
ac320eec-631a-426e-b2db-717c8bf7857e
Paice, John A.
0ccafe5a-82d8-40bf-8b73-f71a841ac550
Leigh, Nathan W. C.
604a323d-0891-471a-a450-48bef3e9fd71
Boubert, Douglas
ea27f3cf-54fd-438a-9f66-7d240d5f27b8

Rao, Anjali, Gandhi, Poshak, Knigge, Christian, Paice, John A., Leigh, Nathan W. C. and Boubert, Douglas (2019) Kinematic study of the association Cyg OB3 with Gaia DR2. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. (In Press)

Record type: Article

Abstract

We study the stellar kinematic properties and spatial distribution of the association Cyg OB3 with the most precise and accurate astrometric solution available so far with $Gaia$ DR2. All known O- and B-type stars in the Cyg OB3 region with 5-parameter astrometric solutions are considered in the sample, which consists of a total of 45 stars. The majority of the stars are found to be concentrated at a heliocentric distance of about 2 kpc. The corresponding standard deviation is 0.57 kpc, significantly higher than the expected physical dimension of the association along the line of sight. The mean peculiar velocity of the sample after removing Galactic rotation and solar motion is ~20 km/s, dominated by the velocity component towards the Galactic center. The relative position and velocity of the black hole X-ray binary Cyg X-1 with respect to the association suggest that Cyg OB3 is most likely its parent association. The peculiar kinematic properties of some of the stars are revealed and are suggestive of past stellar encounters. HD 225577 is one of the stars exhibiting the lower value of proper motion than the rest of the sample and moving with a peculiar velocity smaller than its velocity relative to the association. The high peculiar velocity of ~50 km/s of a previously known runaway star HD 227018 is confirmed with Gaia. The slowly expanding nature of the association is supported by the small relative speeds <20 km/s with respect to the association for a majority of the sample stars.

Text
1908.00810v1 - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 2 August 2019
Additional Information: Submitted to MNRAS. Comments welcome
Keywords: astro-ph.SR, astro-ph.GA, astro-ph.HE

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 433913
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/433913
ISSN: 0035-8711
PURE UUID: fde13054-4c86-4de2-af9d-df663ca3e69b
ORCID for Poshak Gandhi: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3105-2615

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 06 Sep 2019 16:30
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 04:50

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Contributors

Author: Anjali Rao
Author: Poshak Gandhi ORCID iD
Author: John A. Paice
Author: Nathan W. C. Leigh
Author: Douglas Boubert

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