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Offenders’ risk-taking attitude inside and outside the prison walls: Offenders’ risk-taking attitude

Offenders’ risk-taking attitude inside and outside the prison walls: Offenders’ risk-taking attitude
Offenders’ risk-taking attitude inside and outside the prison walls: Offenders’ risk-taking attitude
It has long been assumed that risk taking is closely associated with criminal behavior. One reason for placing criminals behind bars—aside from punishment and protecting the public—is to prevent them from engaging in further risky criminal activities. Limited attention has been paid to whether being inside or outside prison affects offenders’ risk‐taking behaviors and attitudes. We compared risk‐taking behaviors and attitudes in five risk domains (ethical, financial, health/safety, recreational, social) among 75 incarcerated offenders (i.e., offenders who are currently in prison) and 45 ex‐offenders (i.e., offenders who have just been released from prison). Ex‐offenders reported higher likelihood of engaging in risky behavior, driven largely by a willingness to take more risks in the recreational and ethical domains. Benefits attributed to risk taking as well as risk perception did not differ between incarcerated and ex‐offenders, indicating that the opportunity to take risks might underlie behavioral risk intentions. Our results also indicate that risk‐taking activities are better predicted by the expected benefits rather than by risk perception, aside from the health/safety domain. These results highlight the importance of studying the person and the environment and examining risk taking in a number of content domains.
0272-4332
1870-1881
Gummerum, Michaela
25b6bc9d-98b8-48c2-84aa-ee3cc921250e
Hanoch, Yaniv
3cf08e80-8bda-4d3b-af1c-46c858aa9f39
Rolison, Jonathan J.
cf36bbd8-46bc-428f-943e-5c0e05c59c2a
Gummerum, Michaela
25b6bc9d-98b8-48c2-84aa-ee3cc921250e
Hanoch, Yaniv
3cf08e80-8bda-4d3b-af1c-46c858aa9f39
Rolison, Jonathan J.
cf36bbd8-46bc-428f-943e-5c0e05c59c2a

Gummerum, Michaela, Hanoch, Yaniv and Rolison, Jonathan J. (2014) Offenders’ risk-taking attitude inside and outside the prison walls: Offenders’ risk-taking attitude. Risk Analysis, 34 (10), 1870-1881. (doi:10.1111/risa.12222).

Record type: Article

Abstract

It has long been assumed that risk taking is closely associated with criminal behavior. One reason for placing criminals behind bars—aside from punishment and protecting the public—is to prevent them from engaging in further risky criminal activities. Limited attention has been paid to whether being inside or outside prison affects offenders’ risk‐taking behaviors and attitudes. We compared risk‐taking behaviors and attitudes in five risk domains (ethical, financial, health/safety, recreational, social) among 75 incarcerated offenders (i.e., offenders who are currently in prison) and 45 ex‐offenders (i.e., offenders who have just been released from prison). Ex‐offenders reported higher likelihood of engaging in risky behavior, driven largely by a willingness to take more risks in the recreational and ethical domains. Benefits attributed to risk taking as well as risk perception did not differ between incarcerated and ex‐offenders, indicating that the opportunity to take risks might underlie behavioral risk intentions. Our results also indicate that risk‐taking activities are better predicted by the expected benefits rather than by risk perception, aside from the health/safety domain. These results highlight the importance of studying the person and the environment and examining risk taking in a number of content domains.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 11 April 2014
e-pub ahead of print date: 9 June 2014
Published date: 1 October 2014

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 434056
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/434056
ISSN: 0272-4332
PURE UUID: cefefa81-6679-486a-b508-f7490ccfde5c

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Date deposited: 11 Sep 2019 16:30
Last modified: 11 Sep 2019 16:30

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