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Controlling PM by proxy? International regulation of sulphur and PM emissions from shipping

Controlling PM by proxy? International regulation of sulphur and PM emissions from shipping
Controlling PM by proxy? International regulation of sulphur and PM emissions from shipping
Ships are major contributors to global emissions of air pollutants, with their health and environmental effects being of particular concern in port cities and heavily populated coastal areas adjacent to major shipping lanes. This paper outlines the international regulations tackling two such ship pollutants, being sulphur dioxide (SOx) and particulate matter (PM). In order to understand the current regulatory strategy, it reviews the health and environmental impact of these emissions. The paper then addresses the 2020 sulphur cap on marine fuel imposed by MARPOL and its potential efficacy in reducing the health and environmental effects of shipping emissions. Examples of differing regional and national regulation of sulphur and PM are presented and discussed. The paper questions whether the current international regulatory framework directed at reducing sulphur emissions from ships is an appropriate means to reduce PM emissions.
Lewins, Kate
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Loxham, Matthew
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Lewins, Kate
a1097f44-e6a6-48a3-9d09-4667cd3ef1c5
Loxham, Matthew
8ef02171-9040-4c1d-8452-2ca34c56facb

Lewins, Kate and Loxham, Matthew (2019) Controlling PM by proxy? International regulation of sulphur and PM emissions from shipping. Lloyd's Maritime and Commercial Law Quarterly. (In Press)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Ships are major contributors to global emissions of air pollutants, with their health and environmental effects being of particular concern in port cities and heavily populated coastal areas adjacent to major shipping lanes. This paper outlines the international regulations tackling two such ship pollutants, being sulphur dioxide (SOx) and particulate matter (PM). In order to understand the current regulatory strategy, it reviews the health and environmental impact of these emissions. The paper then addresses the 2020 sulphur cap on marine fuel imposed by MARPOL and its potential efficacy in reducing the health and environmental effects of shipping emissions. Examples of differing regional and national regulation of sulphur and PM are presented and discussed. The paper questions whether the current international regulatory framework directed at reducing sulphur emissions from ships is an appropriate means to reduce PM emissions.

Text
Lewins Loxham LMCLQ updated 5.9 clean SUBMITTED - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 31 December 2022.
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Accepted/In Press date: 23 September 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 434446
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/434446
PURE UUID: bb2779fa-e907-40bf-975a-c033c27c75a9
ORCID for Matthew Loxham: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6459-538X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 24 Sep 2019 16:30
Last modified: 25 Sep 2019 00:32

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