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EAACI position paper on diet diversity in pregnancy, infancy and childhood: Novel concepts and implications for studies in allergy and asthma

EAACI position paper on diet diversity in pregnancy, infancy and childhood: Novel concepts and implications for studies in allergy and asthma
EAACI position paper on diet diversity in pregnancy, infancy and childhood: Novel concepts and implications for studies in allergy and asthma

To fully understand the role of diet diversity on allergy outcomes and to set standards for conducting research in this field, the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Task Force on Diet and Immunomodulation has systematically explored the association between diet diversity and allergy outcomes. In addition, a detailed narrative review of information on diet quality and diet patterns as they pertain to allergic outcomes is presented. Overall, we recommend that infants of any risk category for allergic disease should have a diverse diet, given no evidence of harm and some potential association of benefit in the prevention of particular allergic outcomes. In order to harmonize methods for future data collection and reporting, the task force members propose relevant definitions and important factors for consideration, when measuring diet diversity in the context of allergy. Consensus was achieved on practice points through the Delphi method. It is hoped that the definitions and considerations described herein will also enable better comparison of future studies and improve mechanistic studies and pathway analysis to understand how diet diversity modulates allergic outcomes.

Diet diversity, asthma, atopic dermatitis, food allergy, prevention, rhinitis
0105-4538
497-523
Venter, Carina
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Greenhawt, Matthew
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Meyer, Rosan W.
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Agostoni, Carlo
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Reese, Imke
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du Toit, George
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Feeney, Mary
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Maslin, Kate
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Nwaru, Bright I.
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Roduit, Caroline
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Untersmayr, Eva
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Vlieg-Boerstra, Berber
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Pali-Schöll, Isabella
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Roberts, Graham C.
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Akdis, Cezmi A.
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Agache, Ioana
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Ben-Adallah, Miriam
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Bischoff, Stephan
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Frei, Remo
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Garn, Holger
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Grimshaw, Kate
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Hoffmann-Sommergruber, Karin
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Lunjani, Nonhlanhla
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Muraro, Antonella
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Renz, Harald
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Sokolowska, Milena
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Stanton, Catherine
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Venter, Carina
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du Toit, George
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Feeney, Mary
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Maslin, Kate
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Nwaru, Bright I.
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Vlieg-Boerstra, Berber
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Agache, Ioana
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Ben-Adallah, Miriam
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Bischoff, Stephan
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Garn, Holger
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Grimshaw, Kate
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Hoffmann-Sommergruber, Karin
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Lunjani, Nonhlanhla
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Poulsen, Lars K.
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Renz, Harald
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Sokolowska, Milena
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Stanton, Catherine
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O'Mahony, Liam
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Venter, Carina, Greenhawt, Matthew, Meyer, Rosan W., Agostoni, Carlo, Reese, Imke, du Toit, George, Feeney, Mary, Maslin, Kate, Nwaru, Bright I., Roduit, Caroline, Untersmayr, Eva, Vlieg-Boerstra, Berber, Pali-Schöll, Isabella, Roberts, Graham C., Smith, Peter, Akdis, Cezmi A., Agache, Ioana, Ben-Adallah, Miriam, Bischoff, Stephan, Frei, Remo, Garn, Holger, Grimshaw, Kate, Hoffmann-Sommergruber, Karin, Lunjani, Nonhlanhla, Muraro, Antonella, Poulsen, Lars K., Renz, Harald, Sokolowska, Milena, Stanton, Catherine and O'Mahony, Liam (2020) EAACI position paper on diet diversity in pregnancy, infancy and childhood: Novel concepts and implications for studies in allergy and asthma. Allergy, 75 (3), 497-523. (doi:10.1111/all.14051).

Record type: Article

Abstract

To fully understand the role of diet diversity on allergy outcomes and to set standards for conducting research in this field, the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Task Force on Diet and Immunomodulation has systematically explored the association between diet diversity and allergy outcomes. In addition, a detailed narrative review of information on diet quality and diet patterns as they pertain to allergic outcomes is presented. Overall, we recommend that infants of any risk category for allergic disease should have a diverse diet, given no evidence of harm and some potential association of benefit in the prevention of particular allergic outcomes. In order to harmonize methods for future data collection and reporting, the task force members propose relevant definitions and important factors for consideration, when measuring diet diversity in the context of allergy. Consensus was achieved on practice points through the Delphi method. It is hoped that the definitions and considerations described herein will also enable better comparison of future studies and improve mechanistic studies and pathway analysis to understand how diet diversity modulates allergic outcomes.

Text
Venter_et_al-2019-Allergy - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 9 September 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 14 September 2019
Published date: March 2020
Keywords: Diet diversity, asthma, atopic dermatitis, food allergy, prevention, rhinitis

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 434751
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/434751
ISSN: 0105-4538
PURE UUID: e86671f5-6412-4319-adc4-edf5971531f7
ORCID for Graham C. Roberts: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2252-1248

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 08 Oct 2019 16:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 06:53

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Contributors

Author: Carina Venter
Author: Matthew Greenhawt
Author: Rosan W. Meyer
Author: Carlo Agostoni
Author: Imke Reese
Author: George du Toit
Author: Mary Feeney
Author: Kate Maslin
Author: Bright I. Nwaru
Author: Caroline Roduit
Author: Eva Untersmayr
Author: Berber Vlieg-Boerstra
Author: Isabella Pali-Schöll
Author: Peter Smith
Author: Cezmi A. Akdis
Author: Ioana Agache
Author: Miriam Ben-Adallah
Author: Stephan Bischoff
Author: Remo Frei
Author: Holger Garn
Author: Kate Grimshaw
Author: Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber
Author: Nonhlanhla Lunjani
Author: Antonella Muraro
Author: Lars K. Poulsen
Author: Harald Renz
Author: Milena Sokolowska
Author: Catherine Stanton
Author: Liam O'Mahony

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