Robb, G.B.N., Best, A.I., Dix, J.K., Bull, J.M., Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R.
The frequency dependence of compressional wave velocity and attenuation coefficient of intertidal marine sediments
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120, (5), . (doi:10.1121/1.2345908).
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To advance the present understanding of the frequency dependence of compressional wave velocity and attenuation in marine sediments a series of well-constrained in situ acoustic transmission experiments (16 to 100 kHz) were performed on intertidal sediments. The processing techniques incorporated in situ spreading losses, sediment to transducer coupling and thorough error analyses. Significant variations in velocity and attenuation were observed over scales of tens of meters within the same sediment type. Velocity was generally nondispersive in sands, while highly variable silt velocities prevented any meaningful dispersion estimates from being determined. The attenuation coefficient was proportional to frequency for 75% of the experimental sites. The measured compressional wave properties were compared to predictions from the Grain-Shearing model. For the sandy sites, the phase velocities predicted by the Grain Shearing model exceed those measured, while predicted phase velocities agreed with measured group velocities at specific locations for the silty sites. For both silts and sands predicted dispersions are comparable to the intrinsic errors in group velocity and hence undetectable. The attenuation coefficients predicted by the Grain Shearing model adequately describe the measured attenuation coefficients, within the observed variability.
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