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Neutral and cationic phosphine and arsine complexes of tin(IV) halides: synthesis, properties, structures and anion influence

Neutral and cationic phosphine and arsine complexes of tin(IV) halides: synthesis, properties, structures and anion influence
Neutral and cationic phosphine and arsine complexes of tin(IV) halides: synthesis, properties, structures and anion influence
The reaction of trans-[SnCl4(PR3)2] (R = Me or Et) with trimethylsilyltriflate (TMSOTf) in CH2Cl2 solution substitutes one chloride to form [SnCl3(PR3)2(OTf)]; addition of excess TMSOTf does not substitute further chlorides. The complexes have been fully characterised by microanalysis, IR and multinuclear NMR (1H, 13C{1H}, 19F{1H}, 31P{1H}, 119Sn) spectroscopy. The crystal structure of [SnCl3(PMe3)2(OTf)] revealed mer-chlorines and trans phosphines. In contrast, trans-[SnBr4(PR3)2], [SnCl4{Et2P(CH2)2PEt2}], [SnCl4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}] and [SnCl4{o-C6H4(AsMe2)2}] did not react with TMSOTf in CH2Cl2 solution even after 3 days.
The arsine complexes, [SnX4(AsEt3)2] (X = Cl, Br), were confirmed as trans-isomers by similar spectroscopic and structural studies, while attempts to isolate [SnI4(AsEt3)2] were unsuccessful and reaction of SnX4 with SbR3 (R = Et, iPr) resulted in reduction to SnX2 and formation of R3SbX2. Trans-[SnCl4(AsEt3)2] is converted by TMSOTf into [SnCl3(AsEt3)2(OTf)], whose X-ray structure reveals the same geometry found in the phosphine analogues, with the triflate coordinated.
The salts, [SnCl3(PEt3)2][AlCl4] and [SnCl2(PEt3)2][AlCl4]2 were made by treatment of [SnCl4(PEt3)2] with one and two mol. equivalents, respectively, of AlCl3 in anhydrous CH2Cl2, whereas reaction of [SnCl4(AsEt3)2] with AlCl3 produced a mixture including Et3AsCl2 and [Et3AsCl][Sn(AsEt3)Cl5] (the latter identified crystallographically). In contrast, using Na[BArF] (BArF = B{3,5-CF3(C6H3)4}) produced [SnCl3(PEt3)2][BArF] and also allowed clean isolation of the arsine analogue, [SnCl3(AsEt3)2][BArF]. [SnCl4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}] also reacts with AlCl3 in CH2Cl2 to form [SnCl3{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}][AlCl4] and [SnCl2{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}][AlCl4]2. Multinuclear NMR spectroscopy on the [AlCl4]-salts show that 31P and 119Sn move progressively to high frequency on conversion from the neutral complex to the mono- and the di-cations, whilst 1J(119Sn-31P) follow the trend: [SnCl3{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}]+ > [SnCl4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}] > [SnCl2{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}]2+. DFT studies on selected complexes show only small changes in ligand geometries and bond lengths between the halide and triflate complexes, consistent with the X-ray crystallographic data reported and the HOMO and LUMO energies are relatively unperturbed upon the introduction of (coordinated) triflate, whereas the energies of both are ca. 4 eV lower in the cationic species and reveal significant hybridisation across the pnictine ligands.
0300-9246
17097-17105
Greenacre, Victoria
c665a38b-0b1a-4671-ac75-bf0679dd1c57
King, Rhys, Paul
2f9548b8-fc3b-447c-a5df-de5a3e513a39
Levason, William
e7f6d7c7-643c-49f5-8b57-0ebbe1bb52cd
Reid, Gillian
37d35b11-40ce-48c5-a68e-f6ce04cd4037
Greenacre, Victoria
c665a38b-0b1a-4671-ac75-bf0679dd1c57
King, Rhys, Paul
2f9548b8-fc3b-447c-a5df-de5a3e513a39
Levason, William
e7f6d7c7-643c-49f5-8b57-0ebbe1bb52cd
Reid, Gillian
37d35b11-40ce-48c5-a68e-f6ce04cd4037

Greenacre, Victoria, King, Rhys, Paul, Levason, William and Reid, Gillian (2019) Neutral and cationic phosphine and arsine complexes of tin(IV) halides: synthesis, properties, structures and anion influence. Dalton Transactions, 48 (45), 17097-17105. (doi:10.1039/C9DT03683K).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The reaction of trans-[SnCl4(PR3)2] (R = Me or Et) with trimethylsilyltriflate (TMSOTf) in CH2Cl2 solution substitutes one chloride to form [SnCl3(PR3)2(OTf)]; addition of excess TMSOTf does not substitute further chlorides. The complexes have been fully characterised by microanalysis, IR and multinuclear NMR (1H, 13C{1H}, 19F{1H}, 31P{1H}, 119Sn) spectroscopy. The crystal structure of [SnCl3(PMe3)2(OTf)] revealed mer-chlorines and trans phosphines. In contrast, trans-[SnBr4(PR3)2], [SnCl4{Et2P(CH2)2PEt2}], [SnCl4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}] and [SnCl4{o-C6H4(AsMe2)2}] did not react with TMSOTf in CH2Cl2 solution even after 3 days.
The arsine complexes, [SnX4(AsEt3)2] (X = Cl, Br), were confirmed as trans-isomers by similar spectroscopic and structural studies, while attempts to isolate [SnI4(AsEt3)2] were unsuccessful and reaction of SnX4 with SbR3 (R = Et, iPr) resulted in reduction to SnX2 and formation of R3SbX2. Trans-[SnCl4(AsEt3)2] is converted by TMSOTf into [SnCl3(AsEt3)2(OTf)], whose X-ray structure reveals the same geometry found in the phosphine analogues, with the triflate coordinated.
The salts, [SnCl3(PEt3)2][AlCl4] and [SnCl2(PEt3)2][AlCl4]2 were made by treatment of [SnCl4(PEt3)2] with one and two mol. equivalents, respectively, of AlCl3 in anhydrous CH2Cl2, whereas reaction of [SnCl4(AsEt3)2] with AlCl3 produced a mixture including Et3AsCl2 and [Et3AsCl][Sn(AsEt3)Cl5] (the latter identified crystallographically). In contrast, using Na[BArF] (BArF = B{3,5-CF3(C6H3)4}) produced [SnCl3(PEt3)2][BArF] and also allowed clean isolation of the arsine analogue, [SnCl3(AsEt3)2][BArF]. [SnCl4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}] also reacts with AlCl3 in CH2Cl2 to form [SnCl3{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}][AlCl4] and [SnCl2{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}][AlCl4]2. Multinuclear NMR spectroscopy on the [AlCl4]-salts show that 31P and 119Sn move progressively to high frequency on conversion from the neutral complex to the mono- and the di-cations, whilst 1J(119Sn-31P) follow the trend: [SnCl3{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}]+ > [SnCl4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}] > [SnCl2{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}]2+. DFT studies on selected complexes show only small changes in ligand geometries and bond lengths between the halide and triflate complexes, consistent with the X-ray crystallographic data reported and the HOMO and LUMO energies are relatively unperturbed upon the introduction of (coordinated) triflate, whereas the energies of both are ca. 4 eV lower in the cationic species and reveal significant hybridisation across the pnictine ligands.

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Sn cations paper accepted 02_10_19 - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 2 October 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 8 November 2019
Published date: 7 December 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 434873
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/434873
ISSN: 0300-9246
PURE UUID: 73bc6958-4df3-4593-84dc-032ef62bda82
ORCID for William Levason: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3540-0971
ORCID for Gillian Reid: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5349-3468

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Date deposited: 14 Oct 2019 16:30
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 16:34

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Author: Victoria Greenacre
Author: Rhys, Paul King
Author: William Levason ORCID iD
Author: Gillian Reid ORCID iD

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