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Altered shapes, same people: Scaphocephaly in the early modern Bucharest

Altered shapes, same people: Scaphocephaly in the early modern Bucharest
Altered shapes, same people: Scaphocephaly in the early modern Bucharest
Premature sagittal suture synostosis was identified in eight specimens dated between the 18th and 20th centuries CE, of which seven are kept within the Rainer Osteological Collection in Bucharest and one was retrieved from the archaeologically investigated Saint Sava Church Cemetery. Our study focused on metric measurements, aiming to compare these specimens with three other samples comprising normal and scaphocephalic individuals, with both a Romanian and worldwide distribution. In total, 374 individuals were used in this study. However, although metric measurements clearly show that these individuals were different in their appearance, the socio-cultural data point to them being normal members of the society, as suggested by the funerary features of the archaeological specimens and their position within the Rainer Osteological Collection.
Sagittal suture synostosis, Cranial index, Cranial volume, 18th-20th centuries, Romania, Rainer Osteological Collection
0018-442X
176-187
Soficaru, A. D.
2fbb819e-7c20-47dc-8fdb-c60ca26c4623
Ionica, C.
6e32394e-f777-4f68-a1f4-16075b71ea95
Constaninescu, M.
8c578150-748b-4160-a21a-5cbece1d8230
Enyedi, M.
dab0dd40-4c1e-411c-bbbf-4af9c88db707
Soficaru, A. D.
2fbb819e-7c20-47dc-8fdb-c60ca26c4623
Ionica, C.
6e32394e-f777-4f68-a1f4-16075b71ea95
Constaninescu, M.
8c578150-748b-4160-a21a-5cbece1d8230
Enyedi, M.
dab0dd40-4c1e-411c-bbbf-4af9c88db707

Soficaru, A. D., Ionica, C., Constaninescu, M. and Enyedi, M. (2018) Altered shapes, same people: Scaphocephaly in the early modern Bucharest. HOMO: Journal of comparative human biology, 69 (4), 176-187. (doi:10.1016/j.jchb.2018.08.001).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Premature sagittal suture synostosis was identified in eight specimens dated between the 18th and 20th centuries CE, of which seven are kept within the Rainer Osteological Collection in Bucharest and one was retrieved from the archaeologically investigated Saint Sava Church Cemetery. Our study focused on metric measurements, aiming to compare these specimens with three other samples comprising normal and scaphocephalic individuals, with both a Romanian and worldwide distribution. In total, 374 individuals were used in this study. However, although metric measurements clearly show that these individuals were different in their appearance, the socio-cultural data point to them being normal members of the society, as suggested by the funerary features of the archaeological specimens and their position within the Rainer Osteological Collection.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 30 July 2018
Published date: July 2018
Keywords: Sagittal suture synostosis, Cranial index, Cranial volume, 18th-20th centuries, Romania, Rainer Osteological Collection

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 435530
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/435530
ISSN: 0018-442X
PURE UUID: 2d5dde09-ff51-4e8e-a657-0a2518f495fe
ORCID for A. D. Soficaru: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8658-6695

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 08 Nov 2019 17:30
Last modified: 09 Nov 2019 01:22

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Contributors

Author: A. D. Soficaru ORCID iD
Author: C. Ionica
Author: M. Constaninescu
Author: M. Enyedi

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