The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

An integrated methodology to study site formation processes on submerged shipwrecks in the 21st c.

An integrated methodology to study site formation processes on submerged shipwrecks in the 21st c.
An integrated methodology to study site formation processes on submerged shipwrecks in the 21st c.

Submerged shipwreck sites are dynamic open systems that require a multiple-approach method to capture their complexity adequately. Conventional methods of recording and monitoring these sites have resulted in mono-dimensional models by focusing primarily on macro- or micro-scale studies. Fortunately, the application of new technologies to record underwater cultural heritage (UCH) has pushed the boundaries of maritime archaeology. Recent advances in remote sensing techniques provide valuable tools for collecting data rapidly with a high degree of accuracy and detail. However, while compelling digital outputs can be generated (Demesticha, Skarlatos, and Neophytou 2014; Drap, Merad, et al. 2015; Nayling and Jones 2014; PAS 2017; Pieraccini, Guidi, and Atzeni 2001; Plets et al. 2009; Yamafune 2016), we have to consider their analytical potential/ability to contribute by exploring their capabilities and limitations.


With the above in mind, this thesis addresses the lacuna in the analysis of site formation processes (SFP) on shipwrecks, by presenting an analytical understanding of data collection and presenting an integrated methodology. Demonstrating a flexible approach adapting to a variety of environments on Hazardous 1706, Rooswijk 1740, and Invincible 1758. Bracklesham Bay (Hazardous), the Goodwin Sands (Rooswijk), and The Eastern Solent (Invincible), offers a broad spectrum of highly dynamic environments in shallow water. Rarely do archaeologists get the opportunity to carry out extensive pre-disturbance surveys and excavations, and collect first-hand data periodically, on the same wrecks. Over the years 2016-2018 a number of international projects on Invincible (2013-2018) Rooswijk (2017-2018) and Hazardous (2016-2018) made it possible to develop and carry out this research. This opportunity was highly significant in bridging the gap between management policies, and targeted research of site formation processes enhancing our shipwreck interpretation of these historically significant vessels.


Shipwrecks are complex systems composed of material culture regulated by anthropogenic and taphonomic processes. Geo-acoustic methods offer accurate tools (<.2m) for macro-scale taphonomy (e.g. Stirling Castle 1703 (Astley 2016; Bates et al. 2011), or Fougeoux 1805 (Fernández-Montblanc et al. 2016)). However, they overlook the pressing need to attend to the intra-site level analysis concerning the shipwrecks’ integral coherence, combined with diver based in situ observations. The high-resolution time-series, acquired by computational optical imaging and acoustic positioning, presented in this thesis, provides that intra-site or micro-level analysis.


It is critical to use a multi-scalar approach of time and space, as understanding changes on a shipwreck require moving between synchronic and diachronic analysis. This is possible by integrating previous work on site, as well as presenting the extant shipwrecks’ structure and artefact distribution. The use of new technologies allows capturing three-dimensional (3D) structures throughout time (4D), instead of traditional insufficient two-dimensional (2D) recording methods. This opens a new realm of possibilities for capturing quantitative and qualitative data, offering innovative display methods with analytical tools. Efficiency is paramount to record and analyse UCH, considering that in situ preservation is impossible, due its entropic nature: it is a finite resource bound to disintegrate.

University of Southampton
Ortiz Vázquez, Rodrigo
a4cf83b8-780a-44cb-8229-267497276184
Ortiz Vázquez, Rodrigo
a4cf83b8-780a-44cb-8229-267497276184
Adams, Jonathan
184a058c-d4b1-44fc-9bff-cadee3882bc8
Sturt, Fraser
442e14e1-136f-4159-bd8e-b002bf6b95f6

Ortiz Vázquez, Rodrigo (2018) An integrated methodology to study site formation processes on submerged shipwrecks in the 21st c. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 702pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

Submerged shipwreck sites are dynamic open systems that require a multiple-approach method to capture their complexity adequately. Conventional methods of recording and monitoring these sites have resulted in mono-dimensional models by focusing primarily on macro- or micro-scale studies. Fortunately, the application of new technologies to record underwater cultural heritage (UCH) has pushed the boundaries of maritime archaeology. Recent advances in remote sensing techniques provide valuable tools for collecting data rapidly with a high degree of accuracy and detail. However, while compelling digital outputs can be generated (Demesticha, Skarlatos, and Neophytou 2014; Drap, Merad, et al. 2015; Nayling and Jones 2014; PAS 2017; Pieraccini, Guidi, and Atzeni 2001; Plets et al. 2009; Yamafune 2016), we have to consider their analytical potential/ability to contribute by exploring their capabilities and limitations.


With the above in mind, this thesis addresses the lacuna in the analysis of site formation processes (SFP) on shipwrecks, by presenting an analytical understanding of data collection and presenting an integrated methodology. Demonstrating a flexible approach adapting to a variety of environments on Hazardous 1706, Rooswijk 1740, and Invincible 1758. Bracklesham Bay (Hazardous), the Goodwin Sands (Rooswijk), and The Eastern Solent (Invincible), offers a broad spectrum of highly dynamic environments in shallow water. Rarely do archaeologists get the opportunity to carry out extensive pre-disturbance surveys and excavations, and collect first-hand data periodically, on the same wrecks. Over the years 2016-2018 a number of international projects on Invincible (2013-2018) Rooswijk (2017-2018) and Hazardous (2016-2018) made it possible to develop and carry out this research. This opportunity was highly significant in bridging the gap between management policies, and targeted research of site formation processes enhancing our shipwreck interpretation of these historically significant vessels.


Shipwrecks are complex systems composed of material culture regulated by anthropogenic and taphonomic processes. Geo-acoustic methods offer accurate tools (<.2m) for macro-scale taphonomy (e.g. Stirling Castle 1703 (Astley 2016; Bates et al. 2011), or Fougeoux 1805 (Fernández-Montblanc et al. 2016)). However, they overlook the pressing need to attend to the intra-site level analysis concerning the shipwrecks’ integral coherence, combined with diver based in situ observations. The high-resolution time-series, acquired by computational optical imaging and acoustic positioning, presented in this thesis, provides that intra-site or micro-level analysis.


It is critical to use a multi-scalar approach of time and space, as understanding changes on a shipwreck require moving between synchronic and diachronic analysis. This is possible by integrating previous work on site, as well as presenting the extant shipwrecks’ structure and artefact distribution. The use of new technologies allows capturing three-dimensional (3D) structures throughout time (4D), instead of traditional insufficient two-dimensional (2D) recording methods. This opens a new realm of possibilities for capturing quantitative and qualitative data, offering innovative display methods with analytical tools. Efficiency is paramount to record and analyse UCH, considering that in situ preservation is impossible, due its entropic nature: it is a finite resource bound to disintegrate.

Text
Rodrigo Ortiz Vazquez PhD 2019 - Version of Record
Available under License University of Southampton Thesis Licence.
Download (57MB)

More information

Published date: September 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 435554
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/435554
PURE UUID: 1556df14-cb0f-495e-9a53-dab9eefec070

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Nov 2019 17:30
Last modified: 29 Oct 2020 05:01

Export record

Contributors

Author: Rodrigo Ortiz Vázquez
Thesis advisor: Jonathan Adams
Thesis advisor: Fraser Sturt

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×